World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article
 

Marcia Falkender, Baroness Falkender

Marcia Matilda Falkender, Baroness Falkender CBE (born 10 March 1932), formerly Marcia Williams (née Field), is a British Labour politician, being first the private secretary for, and then the political secretary and head of political office to, Harold Wilson.

Contents

  • Background and early career 1
  • In the service of Harold Wilson 2
  • After Downing Street 3
    • House of Lords 3.1
    • Writings 3.2
    • Yes Minister 3.3
    • Libel action against the BBC 3.4
  • Personal life 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

Background and early career

Born Marcia Field, Falkender was educated at the independent selective Northampton High School for Girls and read for a BA in History at Queen Mary College, University of London. After graduating she became secretary to the General Secretary of the Labour Party in 1955.

In the service of Harold Wilson

In 1956, Marcia Williams, as she was then known, became private secretary to

  • Lady Falkender's Website
  • , Unlock Democracy website, 11 October 2012, accessed 18 October 2012Peer of the Week

External links

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "Baroness Falkender: The lavender lady".  
  2. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 45165. p. 8678. 7 August 1970.
  3. ^ Auberon Waugh, Four crowded years: the diaries of Auberon Waugh, 1972–1976, Private Eye, 1976. Footnote 2 under entry for Wednesday, 14 April 1974
  4. ^ P 704 & 705 Downing Street Diary with Harold Wilson in No. 10 by Bernard Donoughue, Pimlico books 2005
  5. ^ Roy Jenkins, ‘Wilson, (James) Harold, Baron Wilson of Rievaulx (1916–1995)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, Sept 2004; online edn, May 2006 accessed 22 Feb 2008
  6. ^ The London Gazette: no. 46352. p. 7918. 24 September 1974.
  7. ^ Silver Trust Website
  8. ^ "Yes Minister". Comedy Connections. Season 6. 2008-07-25.
  9. ^ Adams, Guy (17 May 2006). "'"Falkender sees red over Wheen's 'Lavender List.  
  10. ^ "Wilson aide wins BBC libel payout".  

References

Marcia Field married George Edmund Charles Williams in 1955, but they divorced in 1961; she continued to be known as Marcia Williams in her professional life. Falkender had two sons in the late 1960s by the former political editor of the Daily Mail, Walter Terry.[1] When Wilson lost office in 1970, Falkender seized his papers, and her brother, Tony Field, helped Wilson break into her garage to recover them.[1] On her brother's wedding day, in 1973, his passport, airline tickets and money disappeared. Field called the police, who were told by Falkender that she had put them away for "safe keeping".[1] In 1967, Wilson sued the pop group The Move for libel after the band's manager Tony Secunda published a promotional postcard for the single "Flowers in the Rain". Wilson won the case, and all royalties from the song were assigned in perpetuity to a charity of Wilson's choosing.

Personal life

In 2001 Joe Haines re-wrote his original book, The Politics of Power, making allegations about Falkender. The BBC delayed the screening of a docudrama based on the book.[9] After the programme was aired in March 2007, Falkender sued the BBC for libel, and was awarded £75,000.[10] The BBC promised never to rebroadcast the programme.

Libel action against the BBC

She was one of the sources inside Whitehall used by the writers of the comedy series Yes Minister, the other one being Lord Donoughue.[8]

Yes Minister

She was also one of the founder members of The Silver Trust, a charity which sponsored British silversmiths to provide a silver service for 10 Downing Street. Prior to The Silver Trust, Downing Street had no silver of its own; it was provided on loan from other government offices.[7]

She has written two books about her time in Downing Street: Inside Number 10 on the period 1964–1970 and Downing Street in Perspective on Wilson's third term as Prime Minister 1974–1976. After retiring from working in Downing Street, she worked as a columnist for the Mail on Sunday from 1983–88. She continued to work for Wilson, handling his private business from the time of his resignation in 1976 until his death in 1995.

Writings

As a result of her peerage, Private Eye often referred to her as "Forkbender".

Although Falkender attends sittings in the House of Lords and votes, she has never made a maiden speech.

House of Lords

After Downing Street

She herself was elevated to the Peerage as Baroness Falkender, of West Haddon in the County of Northamptonshire on 11 July 1974.[6] Falkender had been her mother's maiden name.

Wilson's choice of appointments caused lasting damage to his reputation; former Home Secretary Roy Jenkins noted that Wilson's retirement "was disfigured by his, at best, eccentric resignation honours list, which gave peerages or knighthoods to some adventurous business gentlemen, several of whom were close neither to him nor to the Labour Party."[5] In the 1990s two large academic biographies of Wilson were published by Philip Ziegler and Ben Pimlott. Both authors stated that there was no financial impropriety in the compilation of the list. Pimlott observed in his biography of Wilson that political secretaries often write down lists at the instructions of their employers, and that in this case the fact that the list was pink does not itself prove anything. Both Lady Falkender and Wilson maintained that the list was Wilson's.

When Wilson resigned, Haines accused Lady Falkender of writing the first draft of his Resignation Honours List on lavender paper, which Haines styled as the "Lavender List". Haines was never asked to produce any evidence for this claim, and to date none has been provided. Certainly Wilson's honours list included many businessmen and celebrities, along with Labour supporters. In a BBC Panorama programme aired on 14 February 1977 called to clarify his book, Haines explicitly and unequivocally denied any financial impropriety in the compilation of the list.

Until 1966, the award of peerages was the prerogative of the Chief Whip, and not the Prime Minister. Wilson took that power to award peerages for himself, and later told his policy adviser Bernard Donoughue that he did it because "that gal Marcia insisted on it".[1] Donoughue's diary recorded Wilson telling one of his staff that he had just quarrelled with Falkender, who was demanding "peerages for friends".[1] Donoughue's diary actually credits the "that gal Marcia insisted on it" comment to Freddie Warren who ran the Chief Whip's office in No. 12 Downing Street from the mid-fifties and was still in situ when Wilson resigned as Prime Minister in March 1976.[4]

Questions were raised in the press at the time about her commercial dealings; however, both Wilson and Williams successfully sued many London newspapers for libel.[3] Later Harold Wilson publicly called for a Royal Commission of Inquiry into the press because of the defamation in the media, and that there had been a concerted smear campaign to de-stabilise his administration by MI5. Later these claims were corroborated by Peter Wright, former assistant director of MI5, in Spycatcher. Spycatcher was banned in the UK by Margaret Thatcher's administration.

[2] (CBE).Commander of the Order of the British Empire In 1970 she was appointed a [1]

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.