World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article


Marid (Arabic: ماردmārid) is an Arabic word meaning rebellious, which is sometimes applied to supernatural beings.


  • In Arabic sources 1
  • In modern fantasy genres 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4

In Arabic sources

The word mārid is an active participle of the root m-r-d (مرد), whose primary meaning is recalcitrant, rebellious. Lisān al-`arab, the encyclopedic dictionary of classical Arabic compiled by Ibn Manzur, reports only forms of this general meaning.[1] It is found as an attribute of evil spirits in the Qur'an (aṣ-Ṣāffāt, 37:7), which speaks of a "safeguard against every rebellious devil" (شَيْطَانٍ مَارِدٍ, shaitān mārid). The Wehr-Cowan dictionary of modern written Arabic also gives secondary meanings of demon and giant.[2] Lane's Arabic-English Lexicon cites a source where it "is said to be applied to an evil jinnee of the most powerful class,"[3] but this distinction is by no means universal. For example, in standard Arabic editions of One Thousand and One Nights one finds the words marid and ifrit used interchangeably (see, e.g., The Story of the Fisherman in the MacNaghten edition.)[4]

In modern fantasy genres

In Jonathan Stroud's Bartimaeus Sequence, marids are the most powerful type of demons summoned by magicians.[5]

In Dungeons and Dragons marids are genies from the Elemental Plane of Water.

See also


  1. ^ Ibn Manzur. "Lisan al-`arab (entry for m-r-d)". , p. 5376.
  2. ^ Hans Wehr & J M. Cowan. A dictionary of modern written Arabic. Third Edition. Ithaca, N.Y.: Spoken Language Services. p. 903.
  3. ^ Edward William Lane. "An Arabic-English Lexicon: Derived from the Best and the Most Copious Eastern Sources". 
  4. ^ "The Alif laila, ed. Sir William Hay Macnaghten".  Calcutta, W. Thacker and co. 1839, vol. 1, p. 20.
  5. ^ Jonathan Stroud. The Amulet of Samarkand (The Bartimaeus Trilogy, Book 1). Disney-Hyperion; Reprint edition (2004). p. 36

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.