World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Max Cavalera

Max Cavalera
Performing with Cavalera Conspiracy at the Eurockéennes festival in Belfort, France on July 5, 2008
Background information
Birth name Massimiliano Antonio Cavalera
Also known as Max Possessed
Born (1969-08-04) August 4, 1969
Belo Horizonte, Brazil
Genres Heavy metal, groove metal, thrash metal, death metal, nu metal, world
Occupation(s) Musician, singer-songwriter
Instruments Vocals, guitar, bass guitar, berimbau, percussion, sitar, sampler, talk box, agogô, chains
Years active 1984–present
Labels Roadrunner, Cogumelo, Nuclear Blast, Napalm
Associated acts Sepultura, Nailbomb, Soulfly, Cavalera Conspiracy, Killer Be Killed, Roadrunner United, Metal All Stars, Guerrilha
Website .comcavaleraconspiracy
Notable instruments
ESP Max Cavalera AX signature model

Massimiliano Antonio "Max" Cavalera (Portuguese pronunciation: , born August 4, 1969) is a Brazillian singer, guitarist, and songwriter who currently plays in heavy metal bands Soulfly, Cavalera Conspiracy, and Killer Be Killed. In 1984, he co-founded the acclaimed heavy metal band Sepultura with his brother Igor Cavalera and played as the band's lead singer and rhythm guitarist until he left in 1996. Cavalera was also involved in a short-lived side project called Nailbomb.


  • Life and career 1
  • Personal 2
  • Collaborations 3
    • Musicians 3.1
    • Bands 3.2
  • Discography 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

Life and career

His father, Graziano Cavalera, was an employee of the Italian Consulate in São Paulo and died at 40 years of age and is buried in Belo Horizonte; Cavalera was nine when his father died. Cavalera's family was in a state of financial crisis and family turbulence when he formed Sepultura with his younger brother Igor.

In the early 1990s, he relocated to Phoenix, Arizona. He did not begin to make spiritual-music until after he quit Sepultura. His earlier lyrics for Soulfly were influenced by religion and spirituality, though he is critical of religion. His later albums, starting with Dark Ages, began to incorporate lyrical themes of violence, warfare, anger and hatred. His albums have all been dedicated to God, and he has often been depicted by the press as a man of religion, especially in the United States, something that Cavalera himself says he does not understand:

I do hate a lot of 'religion' but people like Christ – yeah they inspire me. I mean if you look at Christ, He was hanging around with the lowlifes, prostitutes and the losers you know, not going around with those high society motherfuckers you see trying to sell Jesus today![1]

When asked in an interview whether he was a Christian and whether Soulfly was a Christian band, he said:

No. I mean, if I was a Christian I would wear all these different kinds of omens. Because Christian people are so close-minded. A priest would not accept that. So I don't like the concept of Christianity in terms of being so close-minded. It is the same with music. Sometimes I compare preachers to close-minded musicians or close-minded listeners, who only like one kind of music. Some preachers are the same. And they don't tolerate Hindus, Buddhists or whatever. Only them. It's bullshit. So Soulfly is not a Christian band at all. Very much opposite. But we are very spiritual. Spiritual has nothing to do with Christianity anyway. It has been here since the beginning of time.[2]

In another interview, he was asked about the Varg Vikernes church burnings. He quoted, "I support church burnings 100 percent, but why don't we just burn everything. Mosques, temples, all religious buildings." However, he later claimed his views changed about the church burnings and called them "too violent." He has stated that he does believe in God, "But it might be different than the God the preacher preaches about."

Of enduring influence to his music, is the untimely death of his stepson, Dana Wells, who was killed after the release of Roots in 1996. The songs "Bleed," "First Commandment," "Pain," "Tree of Pain" and "Revengeance" are tributes to Wells, as well as Deftones' song "Headup," in which Cavalera featured and co-wrote. He reunited with his brother Igor, in their band Cavalera Conspiracy, and wrote and performed on Soulfly's Conquer, released in 2008.[3][4] In November 2011, Cavalera announced that he is working on an autobiography, for publication in 2013: his co-writer is the British author Joel McIver and the book's foreword has been written by Dave Grohl.[5] During an interview with Metal Shock Finland, Andreas Kisser described Max's autobiography as science fiction.[6][7]


Cavalera lives in Phoenix, Arizona with his wife Gloria and his five children, Zyon (b. January 19, 1993), Igor (b. November 11, 1994), Richie (b. February 3, 1989), Jason (b. November 15, 1997), and Roxanne—Richie (b. March 20, 1986), the eldest, was adopted by Cavalera. Zyon, Igor and Richie have all collaborated with Cavalera in his various projects. The three sons are also active in music, with Richie fronting Incite and Igor and Zyon performing in Lody Kong. In 2012 and 2013, Zyon toured with Soulfly after David Kinkade's retirement, and now he is a regular member as drummer. Igor joined Soulfly in 2015 after Tony Campos left the band.


Max Cavalera 2015

Cavalera has collaborated with many different artists while in Sepultura and Soulfly. In 2003 he joined forces with former Nirvana drummer and Foo Fighters' frontman Dave Grohl to produce "Red War" for the self-titled release of Dave Grohl's metal project, Probot.


Cavalera has worked with the following musicians:


Cavalera has collaborated with the following bands:

Cavalera appeared in The Scorpion King in an off-camera role, providing the guttural screams for Dwayne Johnson.[8]


Cavalera Conspiracy
Killer Be Killed


  1. ^
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ Exclusive: Talking Music & Horror with Max Cavalera of SOULFLY
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^
  7. ^
  8. ^

External links

  • Cavalera Conspiracy
  • Max Cavalera at the Internet Movie Database
  • Phoenix New Times article on Max
  • NY Rock interview
  • interview
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.