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Medial circumflex femoral artery

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Title: Medial circumflex femoral artery  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: Cruciate anastomosis, Deep artery of the thigh, Femoral circumflex artery, Gracilis muscle, Circumflex artery
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Medial circumflex femoral artery

Medial circumflex femoral artery
The profunda femoris artery, femoral artery and their major branches - right thigh, anterior view. Circumflex femoral arteries labeled.
Latin arteria circumflexa femoris medialis
Supplies thigh
deep femoral artery, femoral artery
Gray's p.630
Anatomical terminology

The medial circumflex femoral artery (internal circumflex artery, medial femoral circumflex artery) is an artery in the upper thigh that helps supply blood to the neck of the femur. Damage to the artery following a femoral neck fracture may lead to avascular necrosis (ischemic) of the femoral neck/head.[1]


  • Structure 1
    • Branches 1.1
  • See also 2
  • References 3
  • Additional Images 4
  • External links 5


The medial femoral circumflex artery arises from the medial and posterior aspect of the profunda femoris artery, and winds around the medial side of the femur, passing first between the pectineus and iliopsoas muscles, and then between the obturator externus and the adductor brevis muscles.

The medial femoral circumflex artery may occasionally arise directly from the femoral artery.


At the upper border of the adductor brevis it gives off two branches:

See also


  1. ^ Mannella, P.; Galeotti, R.; Borrelli, M.; Benea, G.; Traina, G. C.; Massari, L.; Chiarelli, G. M. (1986). "Selective arteriography in fractures of the femur head". La Radiologia medica 72 (6): 462–465.  

Additional Images

External links

  • Medial_femoral_circumflex_artery at the Duke University Health System's Orthopedics program
  • medial+circumflex+femoral+artery at eMedicine Dictionary
  • Anatomy figure: 12:04-06 at Human Anatomy Online, SUNY Downstate Medical Center - "Arteries of the lower extremity shown in association with major landmarks."

This article incorporates text from a public domain edition of Gray's Anatomy.

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