World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Memotech MTX

Article Id: WHEBN0003650453
Reproduction Date:

Title: Memotech MTX  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: List of home computers, FDX, Memotech, MTX, Texas Instruments TMS9918
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Memotech MTX

Memotech MTX
Memotech MTX500
Manufacturer Memotech
Release date 1983
CPU Zilog Z80A
Display TMS9929A

The Memotech MTX500, MTX512 and RS128 were a series of Zilog Z80A processor-based home computers released by Memotech in 1983 and 1984. They were technically similar to MSX computers, but were not compatible.

Contents

  • Design 1
  • History 2
  • Popular impact 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

Design

The MTX500 had 32 KB of RAM, the MTX512 had 64KB, and the RS128 had 128KB. Although the Z80A could only address a maximum of 64KB at a time, the MTX and RS128's extra memory, up to a maximum of 768KB, was accessible through the technique of page switching. All models had 32KB of ROM accessible in the first 24KB of address space. The extra 8KB of ROM was available through page switching. The ROM could be switched out entirely, allowing the full 16-bit address space to be used for RAM.

The computers featured an all-aluminium case and full size keyboard with real keys (unlike the chiclet keyboard used on the Sinclair ZX Spectrum). In addition to the standard (for the time) BASIC language interpreter, it included some other software:

  • A built-in assembler
  • A built-in disassembler/debugger called Panel
  • A forerunner of HyperCard called Noddy
  • More sprites than the comparable equipment at the time
  • Support for rudimentary windowing in BASIC

The computers also featured support for plug-in ROM cartridges (a little like the BBC Micro). The most popular of these was the ISO Pascal language from HiSoft which was much faster than interpreted BASIC. A considerable addition to any Memotech system was the hugely expensive FDX system which added 5.25" floppy disk drives, Winchester hard disks and CP/M 2.2 operating system. A Memotech badged CGA monitor was also made available around the time of the FDX launch.

Memotech had also an 8-bit Dual in-line package DIL socket for I/O controls.

History

The Norwegian company Norbit Elektronikk Norge A/S run by Anne Selene Fiko developed a complete Input/Output (I/O) control system, with 4× 16-bit (by swapping 8 bits at time) I/O ports, 8-bit Analog-to-digital converter and 8-bit Digital-to-analog converter, all with sensor systems for robotics and controls. The control system was designed for the same aluminium casing as the main MTX512 unit. At that time Memotech were working on a huge project to deliver Memotech MTX512 together with the FDX and the control unit from Norbit Elektronikk to 64,000 schools in the USSR. The USSR was at that time also under embargo by the United States so companies were not allowed to deliver the new IBM Personal Computers with MS-DOS, but CP/M computers were not included in the Soviet embargo blockage.

Memotech went into receivership in 1985. A contributing factor, beyond the poor commercial success of the MTX, was the substantial investment Memotech made in preparing the MTX for the Soviet deal. This required a red brushed aluminium case instead of black, Russian BASIC, a Russian keyboard and Russian documentation. Memotech worked with Oxford University on the internationalisation. Memotech did not receive funding they expected from the British government for this project.

The Soviet government was also evaluating computer systems from other manufacturers. Memotech required cash payments prior to supplying 64,000 computers. The Soviets decided against this cash deal and instead agreed to acquire MSX computers from Yamaha (another later big deal was with Daewoo) with payment mainly in steel and oil. About 64,000 MSX computers had been supplied to USSR schools and other educational institutions.

Since Memotech lost the deal to the Soviet Union, and they had invested all their money, borrowed money from the banks, plus got about £1m funding from the UK government, Memotech went bankrupt. Some of the Memotech inventions still lived on, as several employees took some of Memotech's new video editing systems for televisions back to the USA, where they are believed to have ended up at Silicon Graphics. As a result of Memotech's bankruptcy, the UK government stopped funding to all computer manufacturers in UK at that time, including Sinclair, Acorn and Apricot.

Control systems from Norbit Elektronikk are still sold under the brand name of MISOLIMA.

Popular impact

The MTX512 made a minor cinematic appearance in the film Weird Science as the computer the two lead male characters use to hack into the Pentagon mainframe.[1]

References

  1. ^ http://starringthecomputer.com/computer.html?c=7

External links

  • MTX fan page
  • MTX information and reviews - some text in German, content mostly in English
  • MTX family at old-computers.com
  • Review of MTX512 originally from Creative Computing
  • Andys Memotech Emulator
  • Memotech MTX 512 - The Russian Schools Bid
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.