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Metropolitan Manila Development Authority

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Metropolitan Manila Development Authority

Metropolitan Manila Development Authority
Pangasiwaan sa Pagpapaunlad ng Kalakhang Maynila
Agency overview
Formed 7 November 1975
  • (etc.)
Superseding agency
Headquarters EDSA cor. Orense St., Guadalupe, Makati City
Annual budget P1.48 billion (2013)[1]
Minister responsible
  • , (etc.)
Agency executive
Parent agency Office of the President
Website .ph.gov.mmdawww
Map of Metro Manila showing the cities and municipalities.

The Metropolitan Manila Development Authority (Filipino: Pangasiwaan sa Pagpapaunlad ng Kalakhang Maynila, MMDA), is an agency of the Republic of the Philippines created embracing the cities of Manila, Quezon City, Caloocan, Pasay, Mandaluyong, Makati, Pasig, Marikina, Muntinlupa, Las Piñas, Parañaque, Valenzuela, Malabon, Taguig, Navotas and San Juan and the municipality of Pateros. Metropolitan Manila or the National Capital Region is constituted into a special development and administrative region subject to direct supervision of the President of the Philippines. The MMDA office is located at Epifanio de los Santos Avenue (EDSA) corner Orense Street, Guadalupe, Makati, Philippines.

The MMDA performs planning, monitoring and coordinative functions, and in the process exercise regulatory and supervisory authority over the delivery of metro-wide services within Metro Manila without diminution of the autonomy of the local government units concerning purely local matters.

The agency is headed by a Chairman, who is appointed by the President and continues to hold office at the discretion of the appointing authority. He is vested with the rank, rights, privileges, disqualifications, and prohibitions of a cabinet member.

History

  • February 27, 1975. President Ferdinand Marcos issued Presidential Decree 824 creating the Metropolitan Manila Commission (MMC). It integrates the Philippine capital Manila and adjacent Quezon City with 2 cities and 12 municipalities of the province of Rizal and 1 municipality of the province of Bulacan. Marcos appointed his wife, First Lady Imelda Marcos, as Governor and Ismael Mathay, Jr. as Vice-Governor. The office was located in front of the present-day GMA Network at EDSA corner Timog Avenue, Diliman, Quezon City.
  • January 9, 1990. President Corazon Aquino issued Executive Order No. 392, in accordance to Article 18, Section 8 of the c1987 Philippine Constitution, creating Metropolitan Manila Authority (MMA). The Metro Manila mayors will choose from themselves as chairman. Jejomar Binay of the municipality of Makati served as its first chairman. The agency transferred to its present office at Guadalupe, Makati. Binay was followed by Ignacio Bunye of municipality of Muntinlupa in 1991, Ismael Mathay, Jr. of Quezon City in 1992 then Prospero Oreta of the municipality of Malabon in 1994.
  • March 1, 1995. Since the elected chairman is one of the mayors of Metro Manila, the role to his constituency gave less attention. Thus, the Congress of the Philippines, composed of the Senate and the House of Representatives, passed Republic Act No. 7924 creating the Metropolitan Manila Development Authority (MMDA).
  • May 1995. Prospero Oreta did not run in the Malabon municipal election. President Fidel V. Ramos appointed him as the first Chairman of the MMDA and made him independent of the Metro Manila mayors.
  • June 1998. Jejomar Binay was prohibited by law from running for his fourth consecutive term as mayor of Makati. President Joseph E. Estrada appointed him as the second Chairman of the MMDA.

Agency chairpersons

# Name From Year of Service
1 Imelda Marcos Manila 1975–1986
2 Jejomar Binay Makati 1990–1991
3 Ignacio Bunye Muntinlupa 1991–1992
4 Ismael A. Mathay, Jr. Quezon City 1992–1994
5 Prospero Oreta Malabon 1994–1998
6 Jejomar Binay - (2nd Term) Makati 1998–2001
7 Benjamin Abalos Mandaluyong 2001–2002
8 Bayani Fernando Marikina 2002–2009
9 Oscar Inocentes Quezon City 2009–2010
10 Francis Tolentino Tagaytay 2010–2015
11 Emerson Carlos 2015–present
The MMDA headquarters at EDSA and Orense Street, Makati

The Metro Manila Council

The governing board and policy making body of the MMDA is the Metro Manila Council, composed of the mayors of the cities and municipalities.

The heads of the Department of Transportation and Communications (DOTC), Department of Public Works and Highways (DPWH), Department of Tourism (DOT), Department of Budget and Management (DBM), Housing and Urban Development Coordinating Committee (HUDCC), and Philippine National Police (PNP) or their duty authorized representatives, attend meetings of the council as non-voting members.

Functions of the Metro Manila Council

The Council is the policy-making body of the MMDA.

  • It approves metro-wide plans, programs and projects and issue rules and regulations and resolutions deemed necessary by the MMDA.
  • It may increase the rate of the allowances and per diems of the members of the Council to be effective during the term of the succeeding Council. It fixes the compensation of the officers and personnel of the MMDA, and approve the annual budget thereof for submission to the Department of Budget and Management (DBM).
  • It promulgates rules and regulations and set policies and standards for metro-wide application governing the delivery of basic services, prescribe and collect service and regulatory fees, and impose and collect fines and penalties.

Members of the Metro Manila Council (2013-2016)

Development planning

Transport and traffic management

MMDA Media Stations

MMDA had TV and radio stations sometimes carrying the same brand, MMDA Teleradyo. They ceased on August 17, 2010.

  • MMDA Traffic Radio 1206 - Traffic updates can be heard on this station. It was started as a test broadcast on September 24, 2007.
  • MMDA TV - Traffic updates are Live Feed by Monitoring Cameras Along the streets of Metro Manila with simulcast over MMDA Traffic Radio 1206. It was started as a test broadcast on August 20, 2008.

To compensate for the closure of these communication mediums, the MMDA turned to social media such as Twitter to broadcast traffic updates to users following them. Live billboards, particularly at EDSA, have been also constructed. The MMDA app for iOS and Android have also been made available for free, broadcasting traffic updates directly.

Solid waste disposal and management

Flood control and sewerage management

Urban renewal, zoning, and land use planning, and shelter services

Gwapotel

The Gwapotel Inn is a cheap hotel run by the Metropolitan Manila Development Authority.[2] A second Gwapotel was announced in December, 2007.[3]

The Gwapotel along Roxas Boulevard is renamed the MMDA Workers Inn, and is in operation. The Abad Santos Gwapotel has since been converted into their training barracks.

Health and Sanitation, urban protection and pollution control

Anti Smoking Campaign

The Court of Appeals says the MMDA is not among the government agencies deputized to implement RA 9211 or the Tobacco Regulation Act of 2003. The CA added that the MMDA has no police or legislative power to implement the law. It declared invalid MMDA Resolution No. 11-19, which the agency used as basis to implement its anti-smoking campaign.[4]

Public safety

A metro-wide earthquake drill was conducted on July 30, 2015 to prepare the public in the event of a magnitude 7.2 earthquake. Various government agencies, educational institutions and the private sector participated in the drill spearheaded by the Metropolitan Manila Development Authority (MMDA). Different scenarios were re-enacted to simulate a destructive earthquake that is expected to happen when the 100-kilometer West Valley Fault moves.[5]

Criticisms

In the past, such practices were justified by rhetoric that street children need to be 'rescued' from the street. Advocacy groups contend that in seeking to create a beautiful metropolis, the MMDA often treat Metro Manila's urban poor like 'rubbish' on the street.[6]

A report from PREDA that was funded by UNICEF, claims inhumane proceedings to caught vagrants.[7]

See also

References

  1. ^ http://www.senate.gov.ph/press_release/2013/0728_recto1.asp
  2. ^ Inquirer.net, MMDA’s ‘Gwapotel’ a big hit with transients
  3. ^ manilabulletin.com, Abandoned Tondo hospital to be turned into second ‘Gwapotel’
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^ http://www.bahaytuluyan.org/news/indiscriminate_rescue_of_street_children_in_the_city_of_manila_28_january_2008.pdf Sagip or Huli? The indiscriminant 'rescue' of Manila's street children
  7. ^ http://www.preda.org/main/archives/2009/r09111701.html
  8. ^

External links

  • Metropolitan Manila Development Authority
  • Metropolitan Manila Development Authority on Twitter
  • gmanews.tv, video, MMDA urges bus firms to install microchips - 21 January 2008
  • Inquirer.net, Capsule beds are main feature in new Gwapotel
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