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Military of Moldova

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Title: Military of Moldova  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Subject: Gherman Pântea, Moldovan Ground Forces, Vasile Cijevschi, Ilie Cătărău, Moldovan Air Force
Collection: Military of Moldova
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Military of Moldova

Military of Moldova
Service branches Moldovan Ground Forces
Moldovan Air Force
Military age 18
Available for
military service
1,066,459, age 18–49 (2005 est.)
Fit for
military service
693,913, age 18–49 (2005 est.)
Reaching military
age annually
43,729 (2005 est.)
Active personnel 5000-6000 (2011 est.)
Budget around 16 million euros (2013 est.)
Percent of GDP 0.1% (2011 est.)
Foreign suppliers Russian Federation
United States of America

The Moldovan Armed Forces consist of the Ground Forces and Air and Air Defense Forces.


  • History 1
  • Land Forces 2
  • Air Force 3
  • Foreign forces 4
  • See also 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7


Moldovan soldiers in June 2004.
Moldovan MiG-29B trainer
Moldovan MiG-29B trainer on C-17 Globemaster III

Moldova has accepted all relevant arms control obligations of the former Soviet Union. On October 30, 1992, Moldova ratified the Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe, which establishes comprehensive limits on key categories of conventional military equipment and provides for the destruction of weapons in excess of those limits. It acceded to the provisions of the nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty in October 1994 in Washington, DC. It does not have nuclear, biological, or chemical weapons.

Moldova joined the Partnership for Peace on March 16, 1994.

A transition to a professional force of 12,000 to 15,000 volunteers was planned at first, but when fighting erupted in 1991 between supporters of the central government in Chişinău and supporters of separatist regions, males between eighteen and forty years of age were mobilized, and the size of Moldova's military was temporarily expanded to meet the demands of the Transnistrian conflict.[1] In early 1995, the armed forces totaled some 11,000 volunteers, and there were plans to gradually create a professional army, similar to that of the United States.

Land Forces

At the beginning of 1994, the

External links

  1. ^ a b c d e Library of Congress Country Studies: Moldova, The Armed Forces, June 1995
  2. ^ a b Routledge/IISS, IISS Military Balance 2007, p.170
  3. ^ Michael Holm, 86th Guards Fighter Aviation Regiment, accessed September 2011
  4. ^ Arms Control Association: Arms Control Today: U.S. Buys Moldovan Aircraft to Prevent Acquisition by Iran
  5. ^ DefenseLink News Transcript, DoD News Briefing: Cooperative Threat Reduction Initiative


See also

By 2007 the now-Russian force, now designated the Operational Group of Russian Forces in Moldova, under the command of the Moscow Military District had withered away to a strength of some 1500 which included two motor rifle battalions, and independent security and support battalion, a helicopter detachment and several smaller administrative detachments.

Around 1994, peacekeepers in Transnistria consisted of six airborne battalions supplied by Russia, three infantry battalions supplied by Moldova, and three airborne battalions supplied by the "Dnestr Republic."[1]

As of early 1994, the former Soviet 14th Guards Army (about 9,200 troops) consisted of one army headquarters, the 59th Motor Rifle Division, one tank battalion, one artillery regiment, and one anti-aircraft brigade. Their equipment consisted of 120 main battle tanks, 180 armoured fighting vehicles, and 130 artillery/multiple rocket launchers/mortars.

Other military forces also existed within Moldova. In early 1994, the government of the "Dnestr Republic" had armed forces of about 5,000 which included the Dnestr battalion of the Republic Guard and some 1,000 cossacks.[1]

Foreign forces

As of 2006 all the MiG-29 fighters have been either sold or scrapped, and the Moldovan Air Force has only 2 An-2 Colts, 1 An-26 Curl, 2 An-72 Coalers, 8 Mi-8 Hips, and 12 SA-3 'Goa' SAMs in service, manned by 1,040 personnel.[2]

Twenty-one of the MiG-29s were sold to the United States in October 1997 to prevent their sale on the world market, and for research purposes. All the spare parts for those aircraft were also purchased, as were the accompanying 500 air to air missiles. [4] All the aircraft were transported from Moldova to the National Air Intelligence Center (NAIC) at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base near Dayton, Ohio in C-17 Globemaster III transport planes over a period of two weeks.[5]

The 86th Guards Fighter Aviation Regiment had been located at Mărculeşti since October 1951, and had been reequipped with MiG-29s in 1988.[3] It had been part of the 119th Fighter Aviation Division, which had been resubordinated to the Soviet Black Sea Fleet since December 1989.

. surface-to-air missiles SA-5 Gammon/SA-3 Goa Coaler), and twenty-five Antonov An-72 Hip helicopters, five transport aircraft (including an Mi-8 aircraft, eight MiG-29 Fulcrum Equipment used by the air force included thirty-one [1] In 1994 the

Air Force

By 2006-7, the Moldovan Ground Forces had been reduced to a strength of 5,710, including three motor rifle brigades, one artillery brigade, and independent SF and engineer battalions, plus an independent guard unit. Equipment included 44 BMD-1 AIFV, and 266 APCs, including 91 TAB-71s, as well as 227 artillery pieces.[2]

, particularly at the height of the fighting with Transnistria. Romania 57 mm air defense guns. Moldova has received some arms from former Soviet stocks maintained on the territory of the republic as well as undetermined quantities of arms from S-60 23 mm and twelve ZU-23 100 mm anti-tank guns; and thirty MT-12 recoilless launcher, forty-five SPG-9 guided weapons; one hundred thirty-eight 73 mm anti-tank AT-6 Spiral, and twenty-seven AT-5 Spandrel, nineteen AT-4 Spigot; seventy mortars units; nine 120 mm combined guns/artillery and sixty-seven "look-alikes;" eighteen 122 mm and fifty-three 152 mm towed armored personnel carriers defenses; seventy-seven ballistic missile Its equipment consisted of fifty-six [1]

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