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Mirat ul Memalik

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Title: Mirat ul Memalik  
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Subject: 1557 in science, Manora, Karachi, Ottoman naval expeditions in the Indian Ocean, Gwadar, Arabian Sea
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Mirat ul Memalik

Mirat ul Memalik ("The Mirror of Countries") is a historical book written by Ottoman admiral Seydi Ali Reis about his travels in South Asia, Central Asia, and the Middle East. This book, which is now considered as one of the earliest travel books of Turkish literature, was written in the Chagatai language which is an extinct Turkic language.


Seydi Ali Reis was an Ottoman admiral sent by Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent to counter the Portuguese piracy and attacks on Muslim pilgrim ships in the Indian Ocean, Arabian Sea, Red Sea, and Persian Gulf. He was shipwrecked in India and travelled to Muslim states in South Asia, Afghanistan, Central Asia, Iran, and the Middle East before returning to Ottoman Empire. He wrote about his travels in these countries in the book.

See also

External links

  • Medieval Sourcebook: Sidi Ali Reis (16th Century CE): Mirat ul Memalik (The Mirror of Countries), 1557 CE
  • English translation, in The sacred books and early literature of the East; with an historical survey and descriptions, Volume 6 (1917), pp. 332-395
  • Travels of Turkish Admiral
  • Medieval Sourcebook: Sidi Ali Reis
  • Mirat ul Memalik
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