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Monarchy of India

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Monarchy of India

Monarchy of India
Former Monarchy
Federal
King George VI of India
First monarch King George VI
Last monarch King George VI
Style His Imperial Majesty
1947–1948
His Majesty
1948–1950
Official residence United Kingdom
Buckingham Palace
India
Rashtrapati Bhavan
Monarchy began 14 August 1947
Monarchy ended 26 January 1950

The Monarchy of India was the system of government in which a hereditary monarch was the sovereign of the India from 1947 to 1950. India shared the same person as its sovereign with the United Kingdom and the other Dominions in the British Commonwealth of Nations. The monarch's constitutional roles were mostly carried out by the Governor-General of India. The royal succession was governed by the Act of Settlement 1701.

The monarchy was abolished on 26 January 1950, when India became a republic within the Commonwealth, the first Commonwealth country to do so.

History

The Monarch of India was created by the Indian Independence Act 1947, which divided British India into the independent sovereign constitutional monarchies of India and Pakistan.

On 22 June 1948, King George VI abandoned the title King-Emperor and Queen Elizabeth Queen-Empress. India adopted a new constitution in 1950 which abolished the monarchy.

List of monarchs

House of Windsor
Portrait Name Birth Death Monarch from Monarch until Consort Heir presumptive
King George VI 14 December 1895 6 February 1952 15 August 1947 26 January 1950 Queen Elizabeth Princess Elizabeth, Duchess of Edinburgh

Titles

  • 15 August 1947 – 22 June 1948: George VI, by the Grace of God of Great Britain, Ireland and the British Dominions beyond the Seas King, Defender of the Faith, Emperor of India
  • 22 June 1948 – 26 January 1950: George VI, by the Grace of God, King of Great Britain, Ireland, and the British Dominions beyond the Seas, Defender of the Faith.

See also

References

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