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Montgomery County Police Department

 

Montgomery County Police Department

Montgomery County Department of Police
Common name Montgomery County Police Department
Abbreviation MCPD
Patch of the Montgomery County Police Department
Coat of arms of Montgomery County
Badge of the Montgomery County Police Department
Motto "We begin with pride, and end with excellence!"[1]
Agency overview
Formed July, 1922[2][3]
Legal personality Governmental: Government agency
Jurisdictional structure
Operations jurisdiction* County of Montgomery in the state of Maryland, U.S.
Legal jurisdiction Montgomery County, Maryland
General nature
Operational structure
Headquarters Montgomery County Public Safety Headquarters, 100 Edison Park Drive, Gaithersburg, Maryland, 20878
Agency executive J. Thomas Manger, Chief of Police
Website
.com.myMCPnewswww
Footnotes
* Divisional agency: Division of the country, over which the agency has usual operational jurisdiction.

The Montgomery County Police Department (MCPD), officially the Montgomery County Department of Police (MCP), is a nationally-accredited agency and the primary law enforcement agency of Montgomery County, Maryland, providing the full spectrum of police services to the entire county.

Established in July 1922, the MCPD is headquartered in

  • Official website
  • Montgomery County Police Department on Facebook
  • Montgomery County Police Department at the Wayback Machine (archived December 22, 2003)
  • Montgomery County Police Department at the Wayback Machine (archived February 29, 2000)
  • Montgomery County Police Department at the Wayback Machine (archived January 28, 1999)
  • Montgomery County Police Department at the Wayback Machine (archived December 3, 1998)
  • Montgomery County Police Department at the Wayback Machine (archived January 14, 1998)
  • Montgomery County Police Department at the Wayback Machine (archived January 21, 1997)

External links

  • Brooks, Donald E.; Federline, Charles A. (1988). A Worthy Innovation: A History of the Montgomery County Police (July 4, 1922 – July 4, 1987). Rockville, Maryland: Montgomery County Department of Police.  
  • Montgomery County Department of Police (2001). Montgomery County Police: Serving Since 1922. Paducah, Kentucky: Turner Publishing.  
  • Fleming, Charles; Moose, Charles A. (September 15, 2003). Three Weeks in October: The Manhunt for the Serial Sniper. New York City, New York:  

Further reading

  1. ^ Montgomery County Department of Police (2013). "Organizational Values". myMCPnews. Montgomery County Department of Police. Retrieved August 15, 2013. We begin with Pride, and end with Excellence. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "County police department celebrates 75th anniversary".  
  3. ^ a b c d  
  4. ^ Montgomery County Department of Police (March 2004). "Vision and Mission Statements". Montgomery County Department of Police. Montgomery County. Retrieved August 17, 2012. We, the Montgomery County Department of Police, are committed to providing the highest quality of police services to the people who live, work and visit our County. We will constantly evaluate and improve our efforts to enhance public safety with the goal of improving the quality of life within Montgomery County, while at the same time maintaining respect for individual rights and human dignity. The Mission of the Montgomery County Department of Police is to safeguard life and property, preserve the peace, prevent and detect crime, enforce the law, and protect the rights of all citizens. We are committed to working in partnership with the community to identify and resolve that impact public safety. 
  5. ^ a b c Montgomery County Police Department (1952). "Montgomery County Police Department Officers - Silver Spring, 1952". Facebook. Facebook. Retrieved March 28, 2015. 
  6. ^ Montgomery County Police Department (1968). "1968 Driver's Training, County Fairgrounds". Throwback Thursday. Facebook. Retrieved March 28, 2015. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f Montgomery County Commission for Women Counseling & Career Center. "Carol A. Mehrling: First woman Chief of Police of Montgomery County" (PDF). Montgomery County Women’s History Archives. 401 N. Washington Street, Suite 100, Rockville Maryland, 20850. Retrieved September 5, 2012. 
  8. ^ a b c d e f "NOBLE: National Organization of Black Law Enforcement Executives". Paducah, Kentucky: Turner Publishing Company. 1998. p. 77.  
  9. ^ Lipton, Eric (February 18, 1997). "Montgomery Police Union Votes No Confidence in Chief; Mehrling Hasn't Defended Them, Officers Say".  
  10. ^ Shaver, Katherine; Levine, Susan (November 18, 1998). "Mehrling to Retire Next Year; Montgomery Police Chief's Tenure Marked by Controversy".  
  11. ^ Mooar, Brian (February 3, 1995). "Duncan Gives Interim Police Chief the Job".  
  12. ^ Feminist Majority Foundation (November 18, 1998). "Female Police Chief Announces Retirement". Feminist Wire: Daily Newsbriefs. Feminist Wire Daily. Retrieved January 15, 2014. 
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Celender, Mark (February 17, 1999). "Pick outsider as police chief, NAACP tells Duncan".  
  14. ^ a b c d e Thomson, Candus (May 5, 1999). "Montgomery officials, lawyers for family of slain black man meet: Unarmed victim shot by white officer during traffic stop". The Baltimore Sun. Rockville, Maryland. Retrieved January 15, 2014. 'The officer obviously did not feel he had enough time to do anything other than what he did,' said acting Chief Thomas Evans. 
  15. ^ Perez-Rivas, Manuel; Shaver, Katherine (February 24, 1998). "Despite Critics, Police Chief Still in Charge; Montgomery Executive Says Mehrling Able to Correct Problems".  
  16. ^ Perez-Rivas, Manuel; Shaver, Katherine (November 19, 1998). "Montgomery Wants `Seasoned Manager' as Chief; Focus on Experience Could Rule Out Top Aides in Search for Mehrling's Successor".  
  17. ^ Mooar, Brian (November 27, 1996). "Montgomery Police Chief Heeds NAACP; Mehrling to Ask Outsiders To Look for Harassment".  
  18. ^  
  19. ^ Subramanya, Manju (March 13, 2002). "King named asst. chief of police".  
  20. ^ Manning, Stephen (June 19, 2003). "Maryland Chief Who Led Sniper Probe Quits".  
  21. ^ Fleming, Charles; Moose, Charles A. (September 15, 2003). Three Weeks in October: The Manhunt for the Serial Sniper. New York City, New York:  
  22. ^ a b c d e Montgomery County Department of Police. "About MCPD: A Message From Acting Chief Bill O'Toole". Retrieved January 16, 2004. 
  23. ^ a b c d e f g h i Douglas M. Duncan (January 30, 2004). "Remarks for County Executive Douglas M. Duncan - Swearing In Ceremony for Chief of Police J. Thomas Manger (as prepared)". Retrieved October 8, 2006. 
  24. ^ a b c d e Montgomery County (2006). "Media ID: 06-441". Retrieved January 15, 2014. 
  25. ^ Shaver, Katherine (February 13, 1998). "Montgomery Police Chief Criticized Over Accident; Shaken Mehrling Says She `Made a Big Mistake' by Not Telling Bosses of Car Crash".  
  26. ^ a b c d e Montgomery County Department of Police (2013). "Office of the Chief". myMCPnews. 100 Edison Park Drive, Gaithersburg, Maryland, 20878: Montgomery County. Retrieved August 16, 2013. 
  27. ^ a b c d e Montgomery County (January 30, 2004). "J. Thomas Manger Takes the Oath of Office as New Chief of Police". Retrieved January 15, 2014. J. Thomas Manger takes the oath of office as Montgomery County's new Chief of Police. From left: County Executive Douglas M. Duncan; Chief Manger and his wife, Jacqueline Manger; Assistant Chief John King; Manger's parents, Tom and Mary Manger; and Clerk of the Circuit Court Molly Ruhl. Not pictured are Assistant Chiefs William O'Toole and Deirdre Walker. 
  28. ^ a b c d e Police Executive Research Forum (July 2012). "PERF Welcomes Three New Board Members" (PDF). Subject to Debate: Newsletter of the Police Executive Research Forum 26 (4). 1120 Connecticut Avenue, NW, Suite 930, Washington, D.C., 20036: Police Executive Research Forum. Retrieved January 15, 2014. 
  29. ^ a b c d e Gallucci-White, Gina (May 2012). "Montgomery County Chief of Police J. Thomas Manger: Making a Difference in Public Safety". Montgomery Mag. 13232 Executive Park Terrace, Germantown, Maryland, 20874. Retrieved January 15, 2014. 
  30. ^ Londono, Ernesto (October 5, 2007). "10 Police Officers Charged in Double-Dipping Probe". The Washington Post. Montgomery County, Maryland: Washington Post Company. Retrieved March 15, 2014. 
  31. ^ Buchanan, Daryl (April 26, 2012). "County police packing up and heading north". The Sentinel. Montgomery County, Maryland: Montgomery Sentinel Publishing, Inc. Retrieved January 15, 2014. 
  32. ^ Arias, Jeremy (April 18, 2012). "Montgomery County police to relocate to newly renovated headquarters next month: Complex to serve as headquarters for all public safety departments".  
  33. ^ Griffith, Katie (October 1, 2012). "State-of-the-Art Police Facility Brings Fingerprinting, DNA Lab Under One Roof: The newly renovated Montgomery County public safety headquarters revealed.". Potomac Patch. Patch. Retrieved January 15, 2014. 
  34. ^ Martinez, Michael; Nottingham, Shawn (January 30, 2014). "Maryland cop fatally shoots son as he's allegedly stabbing mom". Cable News Network. Turner Broadcasting System, Inc. Retrieved January 31, 2014. 
  35. ^ Montgomery County Department of Police (January 30, 2014). "Detectives Investigate Shooting Involving Off-Duty Officer; Two Deceased after Domestic Incident". myMCPnews. Montgomery County Department of Police. Retrieved January 31, 2014. 
  36. ^ "Police Close I270 in search for bank robbers". The Washington Post. The Washington Post Company, Inc. March 11, 2014. Retrieved March 15, 2014. 
  37. ^ Kraut, Aaron (March 11, 2014). "Police Arrest Bank Robbery Suspects On I-270 Near Beltway". Bethesda Now. Envescent. Retrieved March 20, 2014. 
  38. ^ "After I-270 Closure A Question Over Tactics". WTOP 103.5 FM. WTOP News. March 12, 2014. Retrieved March 15, 2014. 
  39. ^ Morse, Dan (March 11, 2014). "Police Halt Montgomery County Commuters on I-270 to hunt for bank robbery suspects". The Washington Post. The Washington Post Company, Inc. Retrieved March 15, 2014. 
  40. ^ Henrehan, John (March 11, 2014). "Bank robbery suspects arrested after police pursuit shuts down I-270". MyFoxDC. WTTG. Retrieved March 15, 2014. 
  41. ^ Morse, Dan; Hedgpeth, Dana (May 13, 2014). "Canadian teen linked to emergency calls for SWAT teams in Montgomery County". The Washington Post. Nash Holdings, LLC. Retrieved February 27, 2015. 
  42. ^ Dempsey, E. Lancellotti (April 29, 2014). "Update of Today's Events". Northwest High School. Montgomery County Public Schools. Retrieved April 29, 2014. Good afternoon, this is Lance Dempsey, principal of Northwest High School, with an update for parents about today’s incident. At 10:51 am, the police cleared Northwest High School for re-entry after investigating a threat made against the school. I want to commend our students and staff for following our evacuation protocols and procedures. Based on the information we had from police this morning, we took appropriate action to ensure the safety and security of our students and staff. The police are continuing to investigate who made this threat against the school. If you have any information please contact the police directly. We are now resuming our instructional day today and will have counselors and staff on hand to speak to any students who are concerned or upset. Thank you for your cooperation and understanding. Please contact me if you have any questions or concerns. 
  43. ^ CBS: DC (April 29, 2014). "Two High Schools Evacuated For Bomb Threats In Montgomery County". CBS Local Media. CBS Radio, Inc. Retrieved April 29, 2014. 
  44. ^ Morse, Dan (April 29, 2014). "Evacuations ended at two Montgomery schools". The Washington Post. Nash Holdings, LLC. Retrieved April 29, 2014. 
  45. ^ Powers, Lindsay A.; Scully, Sarah (April 29, 2014). "Northwest, Northwood students allowed back in buildings following two bomb threats: No bombs found in search of Northwest, Northwood high schools". The Gazette. Post Community Media, LLC. Retrieved April 29, 2014. 
  46. ^ NBC Washington (April 29, 2014). "Students Let Back Into Two Montgomery County High Schools After Bomb Threats". NBC Washington. NBCUniversal Media, LLC. Retrieved April 29, 2014. 
  47. ^ WUSA 9 (April 29, 2014). "Bomb threats cleared at 2 Mont. Co high schools". WUSA 9. Gannett. Retrieved April 29, 2014. 
  48. ^ WTOP (April 29, 2014). "Montgomery County high schools evacuated". WTOP. WTOP. Retrieved April 29, 2014. 
  49. ^ WTTG (April 29, 2014). "2 Montgomery Co. schools evacuated after bomb threats". MyFoxDC. Fox Television Stations, Inc. Retrieved April 29, 2014. 
  50. ^ Powers, Lindsay A. (May 5, 2014). "Northwest High School placed on lockdown part of Monday morning: Police search finds nothing after call threatening violence". The Gazette. Gaithersburg, Maryland: Post Community Media, LLC. Retrieved May 5, 2014. 
  51. ^ Metcalf, Andrew (May 5, 2014). "Northwest High Enters Lockdown After Threat Monday Morning". Bethesda Magazine. Maryland: Bethesda Magazine. Retrieved May 5, 2014. 
  52. ^ Montgomery County Department of Police (December 2006). "Bureaus / Divisions / Stations". Montgomery County. Retrieved April 3, 2008. 
  53. ^ Montgomery County Police Department (March 2015). "11043040_780890751988476_1727963038096415157_n". Facebook. Retrieved March 28, 2015. 
  54. ^ Montgomery County Police Department (August 2014). "2014 National Night Out: Olney NNO Event". Facebook. Retrieved March 28, 2015. 
  55. ^ Montgomery County Police Department (October 2014). "Sgt Amy Daum of the 3rd District Station, Silver Spring, gets into the Halloween spirit during this past weekend's Silver Spring Zombie Walk". Facebook. Retrieved March 28, 2015. 
  56. ^ Montgomery County Police Department (December 2014). "Officer Boyce making sure Cpl Innocenti gets the tweet just right". MCPmedia. Facebook. 
  57. ^ "2000 Ford Crown Victoria Police Interceptor". Internet Movie Cars Database. Controgest SPRL. Retrieved April 15, 2013. 
  58. ^ "2004 Ford Crown Victoria Police Interceptor". Internet Movie Cars Database. Controgest SPRL. Retrieved April 15, 2013. 

References

See also

  • The Montgomery County Police Department is featured in a chapter of the 1996 novel, Unintended Consequences.
  • The Montgomery County Police Department is briefly featured in the 2001 episode of The X-Files television show, "Essence".
  • The Montgomery County Police Department is featured prominently in the 2003 television film D.C. Sniper: 23 Days of Fear.
  • The Montgomery County Police Department is featured in the 2005 comedy film The Pacifier.[57]
  • The Montgomery County Police Department is featured in the 2010 comedy film Red.[58]
  • The Montgomery County Police Department is featured in an episode of the television show Homeland.

In popular culture

The Montgomery County Police Department utilizes a fleet of second-generation Ford Crown Victoria Police Interceptors, Dodge Chargers, Chevrolet Impalas, Dodge Magnums, Harley-Davidson Police Edition motorcycles, and others.

Fleet

Rank Insignia Notes
Chief of police (2002)
During the tenure of Chief Charles A. Moose, the MCPD chief's rank insignia consisted of two five-pointed yellow stars.

Historical ranks

Rank Insignia Notes
Chief of police
The rank insignia for the MCPD's chief is a gold-colored U.S. eagle, similar to that worn by colonels in the U.S. military.[53]
Lieutenant
The rank insignia for an MCPD lieutenant is a single gold-colored bar, similar to that worn by second lieutenants in the U.S. military.[54]
Sergeant
The rank insignia for an MCPD sergeant are three gold-colored chevrons. They are metallic pins and are worn on the shirt collar of uniforms.[55]
Corporal
The rank insignia for an MCPD corporal are two gold-colored chevrons. They are embroidered onto black cloth rectangles and worn as epaulettes, as well as metallic pins and worn on the shirt collars of uniforms.[56]

Ranks

No. Chief Rank Life Tenure Notes
13 Clarence Edwards[8] Colonel[8] February 14, 1940 – present[8] September 24, 1991 – December 1994[8] First African American chief of the MCPD and a Maryland county police department. Former U.S. Park Police (USPP) officer for 21 years, joined the USPP in September 1963. Also served in the Maryland-National Capital Park Police.[8]
14 Carol A. Mehrling[2][7][13] Chief[2][7][13] 1949 – June 14, 2015[2][7][13] 1995 – February 3, 1999[2][7][13] First female chief of the MCPD, at the time the second-largest U.S. police department headed by a woman. Served as interim chief from 1994 to 1995. Joined the MCPD on March 29, 1971.[2][7][13]
Thomas Evans[13][14] Chief (acting)[13][14] February 1999 – August 2, 1999[13][14] Served as the acting chief after the retirement of Carol A. Mehrling on February 3, 1999.[13][14]
15
Charles Alexander Moose
Charles Alexander Moose Chief 1953–present August 2, 1999 – June 2003 U.S. Air Force commissioned officer; led the MCPD during the Beltway sniper attacks of October 2002. Former chief of the Portland Bureau of Police.
William C. "Bill" O'Toole[22][23][24] Chief (acting)[22][23][24] June 2003 – January 30, 2004[22][23][24] Served as the acting chief following the resignation of Charles A. Moose in June 2003, also served as the MCPD's assistant chief. Retired on August 1, 2006.[22][23][24]
16[23] J. Thomas Manger[26][27][28][29] Chief[23][26][27][28][29] January 30, 2004 – present[23][26][27][28][29] Former Fairfax County Police Department (FCPD) officer; served as the FCPD's acting chief before becoming its chief. Graduate of the FBI National Academy.[23][26][27][28][29]

List of chiefs

  • The Office of the Chief is responsible for the day-to-day activities of the MCPD. This section also contains Community Services, Internal Affairs, Legal and Labor, Media Services, and Stress Management.
  • The Field Services Bureau contains the general policing districts and the Special Operations Division.
    • 1st District, Rockville
    • 2nd District, Bethesda
    • 3rd District, Silver Spring
    • 4th District, Wheaton
    • 5th District, Germantown
    • 6th District, Montgomery Village
    • Special Operations Division (SOD), consisting of the K-9 Unit, Emergency Services Unit, Police Community Action Team, Special Events Response Team, and Tactical Unit.
  • The Investigative Services Bureau is responsible for providing specialized police services such as (but not limited to) the following: Criminal Investigations Division (CID), Auto Theft, Fraud, Family Crimes, Major Crimes, and Special Investigations Division.
  • The Management Services Bureau is a largely non-sworn, civilian support bureau. It contains Animal Control, Emergency Communications, Budget, Personnel, Training, and other support services.

The MCPD is headquartered at the Public Safety Headquarters at 100 Edison Park Drive, Gaithersburg, Maryland, near Lake Placid. It was formerly headquartered at 2350 Research Boulevard in the county seat of Rockville. The current chief of police is J. Thomas Manger, who has held the office since January 30, 2004. The MCPD is divided into four bureaus and the Office of the Chief:[52]

Organization

In April 2014 and May 2014, the MCPD responded to several bomb threats called against public high schools in the county by a Canadian teenager from Ottawa, Canada.[41] In all three cases, the threats were determined to be baseless after the schools in question were evacuated and searched for any explosives, in which none were found.[42][43][44][45][46][47][48][49][50][51]

2014: School bomb threats

A controversy over the tactics used by the MCPD ensued, with reports of officers walking down I-270 between stopped cars with weapons drawn, telling people to get back in their vehicles, and demanding commuters pop their trunks without any explanation why. One woman was reportedly shouted at by police with weapons drawn after she'd opened her car door to throw up, having gotten motion sickness from sitting in her vehicle for an extended period of time. Chief Thomas Manger defended the MCPD's actions, stating that they were justified under [39] MCPD spokesman Captain Paul Starks described the incident as a "systematic check of trunks and rear hitches" of detained vehicles.[40]

Controversy

On the morning of March 11, 2014, personnel from the MCPD, Interstate 270 (I-270) and walked car to car with weapons drawn. The incident brought hundreds of vehicles and thousands of motorists on the interstate to a standstill as dozens of police officers conducted vehicle-to-vehicle searches at gunpoint for bank robbers.[36][37]

2014: Interstate 270 closure

On the evening of January 30, 2014, an MCPD officer shot and killed his son at their home in Gaithersburg as the latter was stabbing the officer's wife, who later died.[34][35]

Until 2012, the MCPD was headquartered at 2350 Research Boulevard in the county seat of Rockville. In 2012, the MCPD moved its headquarters from Rockville, where it had been headquartered for forty years, to the Montgomery County Public Safety Headquarters, located at 100 Edison Park Drive in Gaithersburg, Maryland, located around four miles from the former MCPD headquarters. The process of transferring the MCPD's headquarters to its new location took around two years at a cost of 108.5 million dollars. The MCPD shares the building with other county agencies, such as the Montgomery County Fire and Rescue Service (MCFRS) and Montgomery County Office of Homeland Security. The MCPD's 1st District station was also consolidated into this new headquarters. The building which houses the headquarters, located near Lake Placid, was built in the 1960s and was originally used by the National Geographic Society, and later by General Electric (GE). The building was leased to the county government before a purchase date of 2014 was finalized.[31][32][33]

From the 1940s until 2008, the MCPD wore khaki-colored uniforms.[5] In 2008, the MCPD switched to black-colored uniforms. These are usually worn with a ballistic vest on top of the uniform's shirt, with the word "POLICE" embroidered onto the back. However, formal uniforms are still khaki and olive-colored.

On October 5, 2007, ten MCPD officers were charged in a "double-dipping" probe. The accused officers were alleged to have improperly billed Grady Management, a Silver Spring real estate firm, for more than 8,900 hours for which they also were compensated by the police. The accused improperly earned more than $200,000.[30]

On January 30, 2004, J. Thomas Manger, formerly of the Fairfax County Police Department (FCPD), became the sixteenth MCPD chief.[26][27][28][29]

2004-present: Manger and a new headquarters

After resigning as the MCPD's chief in June 2003, Moose was succeeded by William C. "Bill" O'Toole, who served as the MCPD's acting chief until a new chief could be found.[22][23][24][25]

2003-2004: O'Toole and the search for a new chief

In October 2002, several of the Beltway sniper attacks occurred in Montgomery County. Moose and the MCPD played a major role in the ensuing investigation. In June 2003, Moose resigned amid controversy over a book he helped author alongside Charles Fleming, that detailed Moose's experiences during the Beltway sniper attacks. The county government objected in stating that the MCPD chief was not allowed to profit privately from official duties; the book itself was released on September 15, 2003.[20][21]

On March 12, 2002, John A. King, on Moose's recommendation, was unanimously approved as the MCPD's assistant chief by the county council, after Alan G. Rodbell retired on December 23, 2001 to fill a law enforcement job position in Arizonan city of Scottsdale.[19]

On January 14, 2000, a Memorandum of Agreement (MOA) was signed between the U.S. Department of Justice and the MCPD regarding abuses and misconduct committed by the latter. The agreement detailed how the MCPD was to address and correct the misconduct and abuses committed by its officers.[18]

On August 2, 1999, Charles A. Moose became the fifteenth MCPD chief, during a time when the MCPD was nearing the end of a three-year-long U.S. Department of Justice investigation into allegations of misconduct and abuse.

1999-2003: Moose and the Beltway sniper attacks

On February 17, 1997, the local Fraternal Order of Police (FOP) body voted overwhelmingly in passing a resolution of no confidence in Mehrling's abilities as chief, claiming that she was not doing enough to defend MCPD officers against accusations of misconduct and abuse by the NAACP. As a result of these allegations, the United States Department of Justice (DOJ) launched an investigation into the operations of the MCPD. On November 17, 1998, Mehrling announced that she would retire from the MCPD and did so on February 3, 1999, with Thomas Evans becoming the acting chief. Throughout much of the 1990s, the MCPD faced numerous allegations of abuse, excessive force, and misconduct, including fatal officer-involved shootings in Wheaton and Silver Spring in April 1999 and March 1999, respectively.[2][9][10][11][12][13][14][15][16][17]

On September 24, 1991, Clarence Edwards became the chief of the MCPD, becoming the department's first African American chief as well as the first African American chief of a Maryland county police department. However, in December 1994, Edwards was relieved of his position by Montgomery County Executive Douglas M. Duncan, who had taken office that same month, a move which angered the local chapter of the NAACP. Edwards was succeeded by interim MCPD chief Carol A. Mehrling, who joined the MCPD on March 29, 1971. On February 2, 1995, Mehrling was chosen by Duncan to be the MCPD's fourteenth chief, becoming the department's first female chief. The MCPD was, at the time, the second-largest police department in the United States to be headed by a woman.[7][8]

1991-1999: Mehrling and the NAACP

From 1922 until 1935, the Montgomery County Board of Commissioners designated one police officer from within the MCPD's ranks to serve as its chief. In 1935, through Chapter 9 of the Acts of 1935, the regulations were changed so that the chief could be appointed from any source, at the discretion of the Montgomery County Board of Commissioners. In 1948, when Montgomery County transitioned to a charter government, the responsibilities of appointing chiefs for the MCPD was transferred to the Montgomery County Executive.[2][3]

The MCPD was established in early July 1922, absorbing some responsibilities from the Montgomery County Sheriff's Office (MCSO) through Chapter 259 of the Acts of 1922. At the time, the department was designated to consist of three to six officers that were appointed to two-year terms by the Montgomery County Board of Commissioners, with one officer designated as the chief. In 1927, the department was enlarged to twenty officers by Chapter 299 of the Acts of 1927. Over the course of several decades, the MCPD would eventually grow to over a thousand officers.[2][3]

1922-1948: Founding and expansion

An MCPD policeman stands guard outside Northwest High School in Germantown, Maryland due to a bomb threat in May 2014.
An MCPD Dodge Charger police car in June 2009.
Two MCPD officers provide security at the annual "Battle for the Kings Trophy" football game in September 2008.
An MCPD policeman and firemen rescue a person during flooding in 1975.
A former patch of the Montgomery County Police Department, used in the 1960s and 1970s.[6]
An MCPD car at the Montgomery County Fairgrounds in 1968.
MCPD policemen at Silver Spring in 1952.[5]
A former patch of the Montgomery County Police Department, used in the 1940s and 1950s.[5]

History

Contents

  • History 1
    • 1922-1948: Founding and expansion 1.1
    • 1991-1999: Mehrling and the NAACP 1.2
    • 1999-2003: Moose and the Beltway sniper attacks 1.3
    • 2003-2004: O'Toole and the search for a new chief 1.4
    • 2004-present: Manger and a new headquarters 1.5
      • 2014: Interstate 270 closure 1.5.1
        • Controversy 1.5.1.1
      • 2014: School bomb threats 1.5.2
  • Organization 2
  • List of chiefs 3
  • Ranks 4
    • Historical ranks 4.1
  • Fleet 5
  • In popular culture 6
  • See also 7
  • References 8
  • Further reading 9
  • External links 10

[4][3][2]

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