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Mutasarrıf

 

Mutasarrıf

1895 map showing the Hüdavendigâr Eyalet, divided into Sanjaks, showing the separate Mutasarrifate of Biga and the Mutasarrifate of Izmit

In the Ottoman Empire, a mutasarrıf was an administrative authority of any of certain sanjaks, who were appointed directly by the Sultan.[1] This administrative unit was sometimes independent (e.g., Mount Lebanon Mutasarrifate or Cyprus) and sometimes was part of a vilayet (province), administered by a vali, and contained nahiye (communes), each administered by a kaymakam.[2] This rank was established in 1864 against the new Law of Villayets instead of rank of mutesellim which was abolished in 1842.[3]

"This small political unit was governed by a non-Lebanese Ottoman Christian subject and given the protection of European powers. The religious communities of the district were represented by a council that dealt directly with the governor. This system provided peace and prosperity until its abolition."[4]

The mutassarifates of the Ottoman Empire included:

See also

References

  1. ^ "Definition of Mutessarif". Free Online Dictionary. Retrieved 28 May 2013. 
  2. ^ p. 21, A Reign of Terror, Master's thesis, Uğur Ü. Üngör, University of Amsterdam, June 2005.
  3. ^ Benedict, Peter (1974). Ula: An Anatolian Town. p. 85. 
  4. ^ A History of the modern middle east Cleveland and Buntin p.84

External links

  • Turkish explanation of the term


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