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Napier (New Zealand electorate)

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Title: Napier (New Zealand electorate)  
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Napier (New Zealand electorate)

Napier electorate boundaries used since the 2014 election

Napier is a New Zealand parliamentary electorate, returning one Member of Parliament to the House of Representatives. It is named after the city of Napier, the main urban area within the electorate. The electorate was established for the 1861 election and has existed since. Since the 2014 general election, Napier has been held by Stuart Nash of the New Zealand Labour Party. Previously, it had been held by Chris Tremain of the New Zealand National Party, who stood down prior to the 2014 election.

Population centres

The electorate includes the following population centres:

History

The electorate was created in 1861, and preceded by the Wairarapa and Hawke's Bay electorate from 1853 to 1860 and then briefly the County of Hawke electorate in 1860. It was a two-member electorate from 1876 to 1881.[1]

The first representative was Henry Powning Stark, who won the election on 19 February 1861.[2]

There were speculations that [3] Swan contested the election and was successful against the Liberal Party candidate Michael Gannon.[4][5] In the 1893 election, Swan was challenged by the Liberal Party candidate Samuel Carnell, with the latter being successful against the incumbent.[6][7] In the 1896 election, Carnell in turn was challenged by the conservative candidate Douglas Maclean, with Maclean achieving a large majority against the incumbent.[8][9]

In the 1931 election, the incumbent, Bill Barnard of the Labour Party, was challenged by John Butler of the Reform Party as the official candidate of the United/Reform Coalition, and United Party member Vigor Brown as an Independent. Brown, at the time Mayor of Napier and previously MP for Napier for many years, withdrew just before the election, but too late for his name to be excluded from the ballot papers.[10] The election was won by Barnard.[11]

Labour's Russell Fairbrother was first elected in the electorate in the 2002 election, replacing long-standing MP Geoff Braybrooke. In the 2005 election, Chris Tremain defeated Fairbrother, winning the electorate for the National Party for the first time since the 1951 election.[12] In the 2008 election, Tremain retained the electorate with an increased majority over Fairbrother.[13] In the 2011 election, Tremain beat Labour's Stuart Nash.[14]

Tremain announced in September 2013 that he would not contest the 2014 election.[15] Wayne Walford succeeded Tremain as National's candidate for the seat,[16] Stuart Nash contested the electorate for the Labour Party for the second time, and Garth McVicar stood for the Conservative Party. McVicar had a high profile due to his previous involvement with the Sensible Sentencing Trust. In July 2014, Walford was referred to Police by the Electoral Commission for breaching the Electoral Act by failing to display an authorisation statement on his campaign vehicle.[17]

Nash had a majority of 3,850 votes over Walford.[18] McVicar's 7,603 votes split the traditional National Party votes (24.8% of electors who gave their party vote to National gave their electorate vote to McVicar, a total of 4,465 votes),[19] which helped Nash win the election.[18][20][21]

Members of Parliament

Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at a general election.[1]

Key

 Independent    Liberal    Labour    Reform    Democratic Labour    National    ACT  

single-member electorate

Election Winner
1861 election Henry Powning Stark
1861 by-election William Colenso
1866 election Donald McLean
1871 election

multi-member electorate

Election Winners
1875 election Donald McLean William Russell
1877 by-election Fred Sutton
1879 election

single-member electorate

Election Winner
1881 election John Buchanan
1884 election John Davies Ormond
1887 election
1890 election George Henry Swan
1893 election Samuel Carnell
1896 election Douglas Maclean
1899 election Alfred Fraser
1902 election
1905 election
1908 election Vigor Brown
1911 election
1914 election
1919 election
1922 election Lewis McIlvride
1925 election John Mason
1928 election Bill Barnard
1931 election
1935 election
1938 election
1943 election Tommy Armstrong
1946 election
1949 election
1951 election Peter Tait
1954 election Jim Edwards
1957 election
1960 election
1963 election
1966 election Gordon Christie
1969 election
1972 election
1975 election
1978 election
1981 election Geoff Braybrooke
1984 election
1987 election
1990 election
1993 election
1996 election
1999 election
2002 election Russell Fairbrother
2005 election Chris Tremain
2008 election
2011 election
2014 election Stuart Nash

List MPs

Members of Parliament elected from party lists in elections where that person also unsuccessfully contested the Napier electorate. Unless otherwise stated, all MPs terms began and ended at general elections.

Election Winner
1999 election Anne Tolley
2002 election Donna Awatere Huata
2005 election Russell Fairbrother
2008 election Russell Fairbrother

Election results

2011 election

General election 2011: Napier[14]

Notes: Green background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party Votes % ±%
National Green tickY Chris Tremain 17,337 52.11 -7.58 16,538 48.77 +1.51
Labour Stuart Nash 13,636 40.99 +7.05 9,921 29.26 -6.31
Green Paul Edward Bailey 1,334 4.01 -1.13 3,327 9.81 +4.26
Conservative Roy Brown 668 2.01 +2.01 1,137 3.35 +3.35
ACT John Ormond 159 0.48 -0.74 359 1.06 -2.59
Mana Rod Paul 86 0.26 +0.26 83 0.24 +0.24
Alliance Mary O'Neill 48 0.14 +0.14 34 0.10 -0.03
NZ First   1,893 5.58 +1.88
Māori   207 0.61 -0.16
United Future   203 0.60 -0.002
Legalise Cannabis   175 0.52 +0.14
Democrats   16 0.05 +0.02
Libertarianz   14 0.04 +0.002
Informal votes 678 321
Total Valid votes 33,268 33,907
National hold Majority 3,701 11.12 -14.64

Electorate (as at 26 November 2011): 44,266[22]

2008 election

General election 2008: Napier[13]

Notes: Green background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party Votes % ±%
National Green tickY Chris Tremain 20,898 59.70 +8.73 16,772 47.26 +4.94
Labour Russell Fairbrother 11,880 33.94 -6.83 12,621 35.57 -5.43
Green Brett Stansfield 1,801 5.14 +1.20 1,969 5.55 +0.32
ACT John Ormond 428 1.22 - 1,296 3.65 +2.56
NZ First - 1,314 3.70 -1.88
Māori - 272 0.77 +0.35
Progressive - 269 0.76 -0.13
United Future - 213 0.60 -1.85
Kiwi - 212 0.60 -
Bill and Ben - 207 0.58 -
Legalise Cannabis - 132 0.37 +0.15
Family Party - 67 0.19 -
Alliance - 47 0.13 +0.05
Pacific - 43 0.12 -
Workers Party - 18 0.05 -
Libertarianz - 14 0.04 +0.01
Democrats - 8 0.02 -0.02
RAM - 7 0.02 -
RONZ - 5 0.01 +0.00
Informal votes 358 169
Total Valid votes 35,007 35,486
National hold Majority 9,018 25.76 +15.57

2005 election

Beige denotes the winner of the electorate vote. Pink denotes a candidate elected to Parliament from their party list.[12]
Party Candidate Votes % Party Votes %
National Green tickY Chris Tremain 17955 50.53 15086 42.17
Labour Red XN Russell Fairbrother 14364 40.42 14615 40.85
Green Terry Creighton 1391 3.91 1864 5.21
NZ First James Mist 855 2.40 1989 5.56
United Graham Turner 473 1.3 872 2.44
ACT - - - 390 1.09
Progressive - - - 316 0.88
Destiny - - - 193 0.54
Māori Party - - - 150 0.42
Legalise Cannabis - - - 80 0.22
Christian Heritage - - - 44 0.12
Alliance - - - 29 0.08
Democrats - - - 16 0.04
Direct Democracy - - - 11 0.03
Libertarianz - - - 11 0.03
One NZ - - - 11 0.03
99 MP - - - 8 0.02
Family Rights PP - - - 6 0.02
Republic of NZ - - - 5 0.01
informal votes 305 129
total valid votes 35,536 35,777
National gain from Labour Majority 3,591

1996 election

General election 1996: Napier[23][24][25]

Notes: Green background denotes the winner of the electorate vote.
Pink background denotes a candidate elected from their party list.
Yellow background denotes an electorate win by a list member.
A Green tickY or Red XN denotes status of any incumbent, win or lose respectively.

Party Candidate Votes % ±% Party Votes % ±%
Labour Green tickY Geoff Braybrooke 17,756 55.11 11,266 34.68
National Kathryn Ward 7,610 23.62 9,554 29.41
Alliance Robin Gwynn 2,865 8.89 3,931 12.10
NZ First Stuart Spencer 2,567 7.97 3,687 11.35
ACT Jean Hill 1,285 3.99 1,738 5.35
Natural Law Ian Levingston 134 0.42 46 0.14
Christian Coalition   1,167 3.59
Legalise Cannabis   674 2.07
United NZ   180 0.55
Animals First   65 0.20
Progressive Greens   63 0.19
McGillicuddy Serious   57 0.18
Green Society   19 0.06
Superannuitants & Youth   18 0.06
Ethnic Minority Party 6 0.02
Advance New Zealand 5 0.02
Mana Māori   5 0.02
Asia Pacific United 4 0.01
Conservatives   2 0.01
Libertarianz   2 0.01
Te Tawharau 0 0.00
Informal votes 394 121
Total Valid votes 32,217 32,490
Labour hold Majority 10,146 31.49

1931 election

General election, 1931: Napier[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Bill Barnard 5,886 56.86
Reform John Butler 4,430 42.79
Independent Vigor Brown 36 0.35
Majority 1,456 14.06
Informal votes 45 0.43
Turnout 10,397 83.85
Registered electors 12,399

1899 election

General election, 1899: Napier[26]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Alfred Fraser 1,994 50.48
Opposition Douglas Maclean 1,956 49.52 -12.66
Majority 38 0.96 -16.97
Turnout 3,950 80.11 -1.05
Registered electors 4,931[27]

1893 election

General election, 1893: Napier[28][29]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Samuel Carnell 2,114 57.01
Opposition George Henry Swan 1,594 42.99
Majority 520 14.02
Turnout 3,708 87.87
Registered electors 4,220

Notes

  1. ^ a b Scholefield 1950, p. 161.
  2. ^ "The Elections".  
  3. ^ "Election News". Poverty Bay Herald. XVIII (5902). 22 October 1890. p. 2. Retrieved 21 May 2013. 
  4. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 237.
  5. ^ "The General Election, 1890". National Library. 1891. p. 1. Retrieved 25 February 2012. 
  6. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 188.
  7. ^ "The General Election, 1893". National Library. 1894. p. 1. Retrieved 25 February 2012. 
  8. ^ Wilson 1985, p. 217.
  9. ^ "The General Election". Poverty Bay Herald. XXIII (7794). 5 December 1896. p. 2. Retrieved 21 May 2013. 
  10. ^ "Candidate Withdraws".  
  11. ^ a b The General Election, 1931. Government Printer. 1932. p. 4. Retrieved 2 November 2014. 
  12. ^ a b "Official Count Results -- Napier". Wellington: Chief Electoral Office. 2005. Retrieved 2 March 2012. 
  13. ^ a b "Official Count Results -- Napier". Wellington: Chief Electoral Office. 2008. Retrieved 2 March 2012. 
  14. ^ a b "Official Count Results -- Napier". Wellington: Chief Electoral Office. 2011. Retrieved 2 March 2012. 
  15. ^ "Chris Tremain Not Contesting 2014 Election". Scoop. 30 September 2013. Retrieved 30 September 2013. 
  16. ^ Watkins, Tracy (10 March 2014). "Labour announces Chch Central candidate".  
  17. ^ "Referral to the Police 21 July 2014".  
  18. ^ a b "Election Results -- Napier".  
  19. ^ "2014 General Election Split Voting Statistics - Napier".  
  20. ^ Hendery, Simon (20 September 2014). "Napier returns to Labour, Nash returns to Parliament".  
  21. ^ Wills, Bruce (22 September 2014). "Bruce Wills: Crucial factors show the best team won".  
  22. ^ "Enrolment statistics". Electoral Commission. 26 November 2011. Retrieved 27 November 2011. 
  23. ^ "Electorate Candidate and Party Votes Recorded at Each Polling Place - Napier, 1996" (PDF). Retrieved 20 July 2013. 
  24. ^ "Part III - Party Lists of Successful Registered Parties" (PDF). Electoral Commission. Retrieved 22 June 2013. 
  25. ^ "Part III - Party Lists of unsuccessful Registered Parties" (PDF). Electoral Commission. Retrieved 22 June 2013. 
  26. ^ "The General Election, 1899". Wellington: Appendix to the Journals of the House of Representatives. 19 June 1900. p. 1. Retrieved 12 February 2014. 
  27. ^ McRobie 1989, p. 63.
  28. ^ The General Election, 1893. Government Printer. 1894. p. 1. Retrieved 19 November 2013. 
  29. ^ "The General Election".  

References

External links

  • Electorate Profile Parliamentary Library
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