National churches in rome

Charitable institutions attached to churches in Rome were founded right through the medieval period and included hospitals, hostels and others providing assistance to pilgrims to Rome from a certain "nation", which thus became these nations' national churches in Rome. These institutions were generally organised as confraternities and funded through charity and legacies from rich benefactors belonging to that "nation". Often also they were connected to national "scholae" (ancestors of Rome's seminaries), where the clergymen were trained. The churches and their riches were a sign of the importance of their nation and of the prelates that supported them. Up to 1870 and Italian unification, these national churches also included churches of the Italian city states (now called "regional churches").

A lot of these organizations, lacking a purpose by the 19th century, were expropriated through the 1873 legislation on the suppression of religious corporations. In the following decades, nevertheless, various accords - ending up in the Lateran Pacts - saw the national churches' assets returned to the Roman Catholic Church.

Italian regional churches in Rome

  • Santi Benedetto e Scholastica (Norcia)
  • Santa Rita da Cascia alle Vergini

National churches of former Italian territories

  • Nice: Santissimo Sudario all'Argentina
  • Savoy: Santissimo Sudario all'Argentina
  • Giuliano-Dalmata: San Marco Evangelista in Agro Laurentino
  • Corsica: San Crisogono (formerly)

National churches

Africa

Americas

Asia

Europe

  • Chiesa di San Stanislao alle Botteghe Oscure
  • Resurrezione di Nostro Signore Gesù Cristo
  • Santi Martino e Sebastiano degli Svizerri[5] (in Vatican City)
  • San Pellegrino in Vaticano[5] (in Vatican City)

Middle East

Notes

Bibliography

  • Raffaella Giuliani, Chiese dei cattolici nel mondo, in AA.VV., Pellegrini a Roma, Comitato Centrale per il Grande Giubileo dell'Anno 2000, Mondadori, 1999
  • a cura di Carlo Sabatini, Le chiese nazionali a Roma, Presidenza del Consiglio dei Ministri, Istituto Poligrafico e Zecca dello Stato, Roma, 1979
  • L'Italia - 2. Roma, Touring Club Italiano, Milano, 2004

External links

  • Churches belonging to a Country or to a Guild
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