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Naval ranks of the Japanese Empire during World War II

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Naval ranks of the Japanese Empire during World War II

Imperial Japanese Military
Administration
Imperial General Headquarters
Components
 Imperial Japanese Army
(Dai Nippon Teikoku Rikugun)
        Imperial Japanese Army Air Service
        Railways and Shipping Section
    Uniforms
 Imperial Japanese Navy
(Dai Nippon Teikoku Kaigun)
        Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service
        Imperial Japanese Navy Land Forces
    Major battles
    List of ships
    List of aircraft
    Main admirals
Rank insignia
Army rank insignia
Naval rank insignia
History of the Japanese Military
Military History of Japan during World War II

The following graphs present the rank insignia of the Japanese navy during World War II. These designs had been used from 1931-1945, but were discontinued after World War II, when the Imperial Japanese Navy was dissolved.

The same officer ranks were used for both the Imperial Japanese Army and Imperial Japanese Navy, the only distinction being the placement of the word rikugun (army) or kaigun (navy) before the rank. Thus, for example, a captain in the navy shared the same rank designation as that of a colonel in the army—taisa (colonel), so the rank of "rikugun taisa" denoted an army colonel while the rank of "kaigun daisa" denoted a naval captain.

Contents

  • Commissioned officer ranks 1
  • Cadet and warrant officer ranks 2
  • Enlisted ranks 3
  • References 4
  • See also 5

Commissioned officer ranks [1]

Cap badges:

All-forces ranks IJN insignia (sleeve) IJN insignia (collar & shoulder boards)
大元帥 Dai-gensui
(Grand marshal)
OF-10
元帥、海軍大将 Gensui kaigun taishō
(Marshal admiral)

(Same insignia as admiral; with enamelled breast badge)
OF-9
海軍大将 Kaigun taishō
(Admiral)
OF-8
海軍中将 Kaigun chūshō
(Vice-admiral)
OF-7
海軍少将 Kaigun shōshō
(Rear-admiral)
OF-5
海軍大佐 Kaigun daisa
(Captain)
OF-4
海軍中佐 Kaigun chūsa
(Commander)
OF-3
海軍少佐 Kaigun shōsa
(Lieutenant-commander)
OF-2
海軍大尉 Kaigun daii
(Lieutenant)
OF-1
海軍中尉 Kaigun chūi
(Sub-lieutenant/Lieutenant junior grade)
OF-1
海軍少尉 Kaigun shōi
(Ensign)


The branch of the Navy in which non-executive personnel served was indicated by the color of cloth place as a background to the cuff stripes, on both sides of the gold lace on the shoulder straps, and as longitudinal piping on the colloar patches. Midshipmen and cadets of the corps wore a colored anchor on the cap.[2]

Color Branch
Violet Engineers
Brown Ship and engine construction
Purple-brown Ordnance construction
Red Medical
Pale green Legal
White Paymasters
Black Survey officers
Light blue Aviation officers and hydrographers (Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service)
Green Chief carpenters (warrant officer)
Grey-blue Band master (warrant officer)

Cadet and warrant officer ranks

All-forces ranks IJN insignia
OR-9
兵曹長 Heisōchō
(Warrant officer)
Single 1/4 in. gold stripe with loop.
OF(D)海軍少尉候補生 Kaigun shōi kōhosei
(Midshipman)
Single 1/4 in. gold stripe

Enlisted ranks

All warrant and commissioned officer ranks had the same names as their army counterparts. For non-commissioned officers and enlisted, the naming changed in 1942. The first name is before, the second after that date. Both of them were different from the army names, but were equal in rank.

Before 1942 After 1942
Non-commissioned officers 下士官 (Kashikan) - selected from conscripts and given one year of training in the Navy NCO Academy.
OR-7
一等兵曹 Ittōheisō
Petty officer first class
OR-7
上等兵曹 Jōtōheisō
Chief petty officer
OR-6
二等兵曹 Nitōheisō
Petty officer second class
OR-6
一等兵曹 Ittōheisō
Petty officer first class
OR-5
三等兵曹 Santōheisō
Petty officer third class
OR-5
二等兵曹 Nitōheisō
Petty officer second class
Enlisted/seamen 水兵 (Suihei)
OR-4
一等水兵 Ittōsuihei
Seaman first class
OR-4
水兵長 Suiheichō
Leading seaman
OR-3
二等水兵 Nitōsuihei
Seaman second class
OR-3
上等水兵 Jōtōsuihei (senior seaman)
Able seaman
OR-2
三等水兵 Santōsuihei
Seaman third class
OR-2
一等水兵 Ittōsuihei (seaman first class)
Ordinary seaman
OR-1
四等水兵 Yontōsuihei
Seaman fourth class
OR-1
二等水兵 Nitōsuihei (seaman second class)
Seaman recruit

References

  1. ^ Rosignoli, Guido (1980). Naval and Marine Badges and Insignia of World War 2. Blandford Colour Series. Link House, West Street, Poole, Dorset, BH15 1LL: Blandford Press Ltd. pp. 152–153. 
  2. ^ Rosignoli, Guido (1980). Naval and Marine Badges and Insignia of World War 2. Blandford Colour Series. Link House, West Street, Poole, Dorset, BH15 1LL: Blandford Press Ltd. pp. 152–153. 

See also


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