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Nebiryraw I

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Title: Nebiryraw I  
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Subject: Nebiriau II, Neferhotep III, Sixteenth Dynasty of Egypt, Kim Ryholt, Mekh
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Nebiryraw I

Sewadjenre Nebiryraw (also Nebiryraw I, Nebiryerawet) was a pharaoh of Egypt of the 16th or 17th Theban dynasty based in Upper Egypt during the Second intermediate period. Nebiryraw I reigned for 26 years according to the Turin Canon and was succeeded by Nebiriau II who may have been his son.[1] All the published seals of Nebiriau I were made of clay or frit rather than steatite which implies there were no mining expeditions dispatched to the Eastern Desert region of Egypt during his reign.[2] Two seals of this king were found at Lisht deep in Hyksos territory which might imply diplomatic contact between the Theban dynasty and the Hyksos during Nebiriau I's reign, although this is uncertain.[3] A small stela showing the king in front of Maat is part of the Egyptian collection located in Bonn.[4] His prenomen "Sewadjenre" means "The One whom Re causes to flourish."[5]

The Cairo Juridical Stela dates to Year 1 of his reign when the father of Sobeknakht II — Sobeknakht I — purchased the office of Governorate of Elkab from Kebsi. Kebsi was the son of Governor (later Vizier) Aymeru and grandson of Aya who was appointed Vizier in Year 1 of King Merhotepre Ini of the 13th Dynasty. This suggests that the owner of the richly decorated tomb T10 at El-Kab was Sobeknakht II. Accordingly, if Sobeknakht I first purchased his office in Year 1 of Nebiriau I's reign — who is given a reign of 26 years by the Turin Canon — his son would have been king during the final years of Nebiryraw I, Nebiryraw II and probably Seuserenre Bebiankh (who is given 12 years by the Turin Canon).


  1. ^ Kim Ryholt, The Political Situation in Egypt during the Second Intermediate Period c.1800-1550 B.C, Museum Tusculanum Press, (1997), pp.155 & 202
  2. ^ Ryholt, pp.159-60
  3. ^ Ryholt, p.162
  4. ^ G. Pieke (editor): Tod und Macht, Jenseitsvorstellungen in Altägypten, Bonn 2006, fig. on p.61
  5. ^ Titulary

External links

  • scarab of Nebiriau I
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