World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Nelumbonaceae

Article Id: WHEBN0001963913
Reproduction Date:

Title: Nelumbonaceae  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Proteales, Nymphaeales, Nelumbo nucifera, Proteaceae, List of Canadian plants by family N
Collection: Eudicot Families, Monogeneric Plant Families, Plant Families, Proteales
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Nelumbonaceae

Nelumbonaceae
Temporal range: Cretaceous–Recent
Є
O
S
D
C
P
T
J
K
Pg
N
N. nucifera (sacred lotus)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
Order: Proteales
Family: Nelumbonaceae
A.Rich.[1]
Genera

Nelumbonaceae, sometimes called the lotus family, is a family of flowering plants. While, in the past, members of the family have been included in the waterlily family, Nymphaeaceae, it is now widely accepted, following molecular studies, that the Nelumbonaceae are actually an example of convergent evolution and are highly modified eudicots belonging to the order Proteales, their closest living relatives being the plane trees and Proteaceae.[2] The APG III system of 2009 (unchanged from the earlier APG system of 1998 and the APG II system of 2003) places the family in the order Proteales, in the clade eudicots.[1]

The family consists of one extant genus, Nelumbo, with two extant species, of aquatic plants, found in North America and Asia (and perhaps some adjacent areas, but widely cultivated). At least four other genera, Nelumbites, Exnelumbites, Paleonelumbo, and Nelumbago,[3] are known from fossils.

The Cronquist system, of 1981, also recognized this family but placed it in order Nymphaeales in subclass Magnoliidae in class Magnoliopsida (=dicotyledons). The Dahlgren system and Thorne system (1992) also recognized this family and placed it in its own order Nelumbonales in superorder Magnolianae in subclass Magnoliidae (=dicotyledons).

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Angiosperm Phylogeny Group III (2009), "An update of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group classification for the orders and families of flowering plants: APG III", Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 161 (2): 105–121,  
  2. ^ Stevens, P.F. (2001 onwards), "Proteales: Nelumbonaceae", Angiosperm Phylogeny Website, retrieved 2014-02-25
  3. ^ Estrada-Ruiz, Emilio; Upchurch Jr., G.R.; Wolfe, J.A.; Cevallos-Ferriz, S.R.S. (2011), "Comparative Morphology of Fossil and Extant Leaves of Nelumbonaceae, Including a New Genus from the Late Cretaceous of Western North America", Systematic Botany 36 (2): 337–351,  

External links

  • Nelumbonaceae in L. Watson and M.J. Dallwitz (1992 onwards). The families of flowering plants: descriptions, illustrations, identification, information retrieval. Version: 3 May 2006. http://delta-intkey.com
  • Flora of North AmericaNelumbonaceae in the
  • Flora of ChinaNelumbonaceae in the
  • NCBI Taxonomy Browser
  • links at CSDL
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.