Neopaganism in Latin Europe

Italy, Spain, and Portugal are traditionally Roman Catholic and according to the 2005 Eurobarometer Poll retain an above average belief in God. France is traditionally Roman Catholic as well and has an above average fraction of atheists. Romania and Moldova are Eastern Orthodox countries and both are very religious.

The Neopagan movements found in Latin Europe can be divided into New Age spirituality inspired by Celtic or Megalithic templates on one hand (Neodruidism, Neoshamanism), polytheistic reconstructionism, either focusing on the ancient Roman religion or other native religions of Latin Europe (such as those of pre-Roman Iberia, Italy, and Romania), and political Neopaganism as part of Alain de Benoist's far-right ideology of the Nouvelle Droite on the other.

France

In the 1980s, American Renaissance white separatist magazine published by the New Century Foundation. The philosophical background uniting Neopaganism and the Nouvelle Droite is the occultist or esoteric literature of "Radical Traditionalism" of René Guénon, Julius Evola and others. The influence of the Nouvelle Droite goes beyond France and is found in e.g., Belgian (Flemish) neopaganism, such as the brand of Asatru advocated by Flemish neo-fascist and high priest Koenraad Logghe.

The Libre Assemblée Païenne Francophone (LAPF) self-identifies as an association of "convinced free-thinking and humanist pagans". Their Horizons Païens journal appears twice yearly (since 2005). They oppose all kinds of ethnic discrimination.[1]

Ceremonial magic traditions such as Martinism, Rosicrucianism and esoteric Freemasonry, although not Pagan in the strictest sense, are very popular in France. One of the world's most popular ceremonial magic authors, Eliphas Lévi, was French. Martinism is a Christian ceremonial magic tradition similar to England's Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn. Kabbalistic based groups are collectively known as the Western Esoteric Tradition. Haitian Vodou, Afro-Caribbean and Kemetic traditions also have a large following in the esoteric community in France as well, particularly among ceremonial magicians.

Spain

In 2004, Cardinal Alfonso Lopez Trujillo, president of the Pontifical Council for the Family issued a warning that "Spain is at risk from the spread of neo-paganism":

In some countries of Europe, there is a temptation to embrace neo-paganism, and although I do not believe that Spain is immediately at risk, nevertheless the risk exists because in today’s world everything gets passed around[2]

On December 23, 2011, the Spanish Government officially acknowledged Wicca to be a religion, Wicca Tradition Celtiberian in the Register of religious bodies with the reference 2560-SG / A, being the first country for Europe and the second in the world after U.S.A., to recognize it. Celtiberian tradition of Wicca, consisting of Fernando Gonzalez[3] in the 80's of the twentieth century from the Hispanic Traditional Witchcraft to which he belongs, is a structured religion through the symbiosis between "traditionalism wizard" (inciatic and mystery), the historical reconstructionist (cultural and archaeological) and "adaptationism" liturgical (conditioning ceremonial) of Hispanic Traditional Witchcraft, paganism, religious worship pre-Christian Celtic and Iberian mainly and those that were previously formed (shamanism, Neolithic and Paleolithic cults).

There is a small amount of Barcelona.[5]

But in Spain there is no just one asatrú-odinist community, there are a lot of them. Another example of asatrú communities in Spain is "Circulo Asatrú Tradición Hispánica", also known as "CATH". They, in opposite to COE, think that the organisation of the asatrú community should be organized in assembly, like their ancestors or even the gods.

Portugal

Following the line of visibility that the Wiccan Religious Confession, Celtiberian Tradition, imposed throughout the institution, this Tradition Wicca also established in Portugal has taken the first step and once applied for registration in the relevant Register, has just been registered and is therefore has become the first Confession Pagan recognized as religion in the history of Portugal.[6] Thus, the Portuguese public administration has been entered in the Register of Religious Entities Religious Confession to Wicca, Celtiberian tradition with the nomenclature: Data of Criação: 26/6/12 Confissão Wiccan Religious Celtiberian. Permanent Representação. NIPC: 980474531 - CAE / P: 94910. This milestone is also clear that Portugal is de facto the second country in Europe and third in the world after the U.S.A. and Spain, to legalize a Wiccan Religious Worship.

Romania

See: Zalmoxianism

See also

References

  1. ^ [1] Libre Assemblée Païenne Francophone, Frequently Asked Questions (French)
  2. ^ Cardinal Lopez Trujillo warns of risk of neo-paganism in Spain
  3. ^ "Entrevista a Fernando González del Consejo Wiccano Wicca Celtíbera". 
  4. ^ odinismo.es.
  5. ^ http://www.laverdad.es/albacete/20080420/provincia/otras-religiones-discipulos-odin-20080420.html "La verdad" daily
  6. ^ Wicca Celtíbera registrada como confesión también en Portugal | PNC Spain
  • Ethnologie française, numéro 4 - 2000 : Les nouveaux mouvements religieux (2001), ISBN 978-2-13-050694-2.
  • Francesco Faraoni, Il Neopaganesimo, Aradia Edizioni (2006), ISBN 978-88-901500-3-6.
  • Cronos, Wicca - la nuova era della Vecchia Religione, Aradia Edizioni (2007), ISBN 88-901500-6-8.

External links

  • http://www.saturniatellus.com/
  • http://www.arqreligioneromana.it/
  • http://www.asatru.es/
  • http://associazione-pietas.beepworld.it/
  • http://www.tradizioneromana.it/
  • http://www.lapf.eu/
  • http://www.paganisme.fr/
  • http://www.wicca.fr/
  • http://www.paganpride.it/
  • Studio sulle correnti della tradizione pagana romana in Italia
  • I Celti in Italia
  • Les Fils d'Odin
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