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New Okhla Industrial Development Authority

Noida
नोएडा
Nickname(s): IT Capital of NCR
Noida

Coordinates: 28°34′N 77°19′E / 28.57°N 77.32°E / 28.57; 77.32Coordinates: 28°34′N 77°19′E / 28.57°N 77.32°E / 28.57; 77.32

Country India
State Uttar Pradesh
District Gautam Buddh Nagar
Area
 • Total 203 km2 (78 sq mi)
Elevation 200 m (700 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 642,381
 • Rank 66th
 • Density 2,463/km2 (6,380/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Hindi, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 201301/07/09
Telephone code 0120
Vehicle registration UP-16
Website

Noida (Hindi: नोएडा, transliteration: Noeḍā), short for the New Okhla Industrial Development Authority, is a city in India under the management of the New Okhla Industrial Development Authority (also called NOIDA). Noida came into administrative existence on 17 April 1976 and celebrates 17 April as "Noida Day". It was set up as part of an urbanization thrust during the controversial Emergency period (1975–1977). The city was created under the UP Industrial Area Development Act.

Noida is located in Gautam Buddh Nagar district of Uttar Pradesh state. The district's administrative headquarters are in the nearby town of Greater Noida. However, the district's highest government official, the District Magistrate (DM), resides in Noida. The city is a part of the Noida Vidhan Sabha (state assembly) constituency and Gautam Buddh Nagar Lok Sabha (parliamentary) constituency. Mahesh Sharma of the BJP is the current MLA of Noida.[1]

Geography

Noida is located in Gautam Buddh Nagar district of Uttar Pradesh state India. Noida is about 20 kilometres (12 mi) southeast of New Delhi, 20 kilometres (12 mi) northwest of the district headquarters, Greater Noida and 457 kilometres (284 mi) northwest of the state capital, Lucknow. It is bound on the west and south-west by the Yamuna River, on the north and north-west by the city of Delhi, on the north-east by the cities of Delhi and Ghaziabad, India and on the north-east, east and south-east by the Hindon River. Noida falls under the catchment area of the Yamuna river, and is located on the old river bed. The soil is rich and loamy[dubious ].

Climate

In summer, i.e. from March to June, the weather remains hot and temperature ranges from maximum of 48°C to minimum of 28°C.

Monsoon season prevails during mid June to mid September.

The cold waves from the Himalayan region makes the winters in Noida chilly and harsh. Temperatures fall down to as low as 3 to 4°C at the peak of winters. Noida also has fog and smog problems. In January, a dense fog envelopes the city, reducing visibility on the streets.

Climate data for Noida
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 21
(70)
24
(75)
30
(86)
36
(97)
41
(106)
40
(104)
35
(95)
34
(93)
34
(93)
35
(95)
29
(84)
23
(73)
31.8
(89.3)
Average low °C (°F) 7
(45)
10
(50)
15
(59)
21
(70)
27
(81)
29
(84)
27
(81)
26
(79)
25
(77)
19
(66)
12
(54)
08
(46)
18.8
(66)
Precipitation mm (inches) 25
(0.98)
22
(0.87)
17
(0.67)
7
(0.28)
8
(0.31)
65
(2.56)
211
(8.31)
173
(6.81)
150
(5.91)
31
(1.22)
1
(0.04)
5
(0.2)
715
(28.16)
Source: Noida Weather

Noida extension

All sectors under

As of late 2012, plans are being formed to rename it to Greater Noida(West).[4] This area was primarily envisioned to provide planned housing for about a million middle and upper middle class citizen in the NCR region.

It is planned to have excellent connectivity to the other parts of the region using Metro, road and rail. Systematic infrastructure developments and vision to create a residential and commercial spaces in the same region fueled its realty and commercial growth. Planned IT parks and industries in this area along with innumerable housing projects are important avenues for providing employment in this region. This area, however, is touched by land acquisition issues. Approval to the development master plan by NCR planning board has paved way for rapid infrastructure, social and cultural development in this area. GNIDA declared its plans to extend the Noida City Centre line to Noida Extension has re-established itself as an excellently connected, planned yet affordable housing destination for urban dwellers in NCR region. 16 villages in Noida Extension are Shahberi, Devia, Patwari, Ghanghola, Bisrakh, Roza-Yakoobpur, Haibatpur, Itaidha, Patwari, Noida, Aminabad, Khairpur, Asadallapur and Chipyana Buzurg.[5]

Demographics

As per provisional data of 2011 census, Noida had a population of 642,381, out of which males were 352,577 and females were 289,804. The literacy rate was 88.58 per cent.[6]

Religions in Noida
Religion Percent
Hindus
  
80%
Muslims
  
16%
Jains
  
1.4%
Others†
  
2.6%
Distribution of religions
Includes Sikhs (0.2%), Buddhists (<0.2%).

Before the Partition of India many villages of Noida had large Muslim populations but most of the population moved away after 1947. Noida originally consisted of around 100 villages, but now comes under the Gautum Buddh Nagar District of Uttar Pradesh.

Villages in Noida City

Noida rural villages have population belonging to various castes,CHAUHAN RAJPUTS Yadavs and Gujjars and Brahmins are in majority.[7]

  • Harola - Sector 2
  • chaura gaun- sector 22
  • Nithari - Sector 31
  • Morna - Sector 35
  • Chhalera - Sector 44
  • Sadarpur - Sector 45
  • Barola - Sectors 50, 78
  • Rasulpur Nawada - Sector 62
  • Chhajarsi - Sector 63
  • Sarfabad - Sector 73
  • Shahdra - Sector 141
  • Kakrala, Noida - Near Sector 80
  • Salarpur - Sector 81
  • Bhangel - Sector 102
  • Sorkha jahidabad - Sectors 77, 117
  • Garhi Chaukhandi - Sector 121
  • Parthala Khanjarpur - Sector 122
  • Nangli Wazidpur - Sector 135

Infrastructure

Noida stands at 17th place when it comes to cleanliness of a city in India; by comparison, Gurgaon and Faridabad in the National Capital Region stand at 87th and 237 respectively.[8] The creation of associated physical infrastructure is higher in Noida and Greater Noida. Gurgaon and Faridabad are at the opposite spectrum.[9] Most of the land in Noida is not very fertile and the agricultural output is low. It is in the flood plains of the Yamuna river on one side and the Hindon river on the other. Many villages are visible from the Noida Expressway, beginning from the Mahamaya flyover to Greater Noida on both sides. One end of Taj expressway terminates on Noida Expressway near Hindon river and other at Agra. Up until the 1980s these villages were flooded every 2–3 years, resulting in people temporarily moving to other places in Noida, and even as far as Mehrauli in Delhi.

Education

Noida is the location of Gautam Buddha University, Mahamaya Technical University, and various other colleges affiliated to it. It is also home to many prestigious centres of higher learning, including Amity University Uttar Pradesh, and its various sister institutes, Jaypee Institute of Information Technology, Jaipuria Institute of Management IMS Noida and JSSATE Noida. IIM Lucknow has a campus in Noida. Asian Academy of Film & Television, a film school is also located in Noida

NOIDA has some of the prestigious schools which include:

Economy




Noida is a major hub for multinational firms outsourcing IT services e.g. Sapient, Qualtech Consultants, Headstrong, EXL Service, One97, MyKaarma, Abstract Consultancy, TSYS International, SDG Corporation, Dex Consulting, Search Value ITES Pvt Ltd, IBM, Miracle, AON Hewitt, Fujitsu, Ebix, CSC, Fiserv, TCS, WIPRO, HCL,360logica software testing services, Tribal Fusion,Tech Mahindra, Adobe Systems, Ericsson, DELL, Sparta Consulting, Patni Computers, Corbus, Accenture, Samsung, JKT, Metlife, Smartchip, Avis e-Solutions, Indus Valley Partners, The Smart Cube, Many large software and business process outsourcing companies have their offices in the city.

Many other companies have their Indian branch offices in Noida, because of many factors, including its Special Economic Zone status, its suburban atmosphere and its proximity to Delhi. Noida also hosts the head office of the Software Technology Park, which was established by the Government of India to promote the software industry.

Noida is a major hub of industry. Noida has quickly emerged as a hub for automobile ancillary units, with companies like Escorts, Honda-SIEL, Moriroku Technology India Pvt Ltd and New Holland Tractors (JV of Ericsson and music company T-series also have their corporates in the city.

Film city, established by Sandeep Marwah, is a hub for major news channels and studios. News channels such as Zee News, NDTV, TV Today group, CNN-IBN, CNBC, newsX, [INDIA TV] are situated here. Noida's proximity to Delhi, which is the political hub of the country, makes it an attractive destination for news channels. Commercial activities have also risen in recent years, with a spate of new malls and multiplexes.

Development in industry, commerce and trade have led Noida to be a model city in UP. It is a major revenue earner for the government through taxes. The Noida model is now being replicated across various cities in UP, with a proactive development agency working to achieve high growth rates for business, industry and commercial ventures.

Shopping arcades

  • The Great India Place, sector 38 A ( near sector 18)
  • Garden Galleria {The Great India Place Phase-2}Sector 38 A [Construction Mode]
  • The Mall of India Sector 18 [Construction Mode]
  • Centrestage Mall, sector 18,
  • The Spice World Mall, sector 25A, ( near Noida stadium)
  • Shopprix Mall, sector 61
  • Sab Mall, sector 18
  • Atta Market, sector 18

Hotels

  • Radisson Blu, sector 18
  • Park Plaza, sector 55
  • Fortune Inn Grazia, sector 27
  • Nirula's, sector 2
  • Mosaic, sector 18
  • Suraj K Mad., sector 22
  • Ansal Plaza, Near Pari Chowk, Greater Noida

Real estate issues

In 2005, Noida Authority announced the construction of the world's tallest building (of 135 stories) as part of the ambitious Noida City Center development project. While the proposal was still in preliminary stage, the Noida Authority came under fire and the project was shelved indefinitely,[17][18][19] due to protests from its citizens concerned about its controversial nature, due to the fact that the city does not have the geographical or administrative infrastructure to handle a 1 km tall building. Noida comes under Seismic Zone 4, which along with the loose soil and sand of the Yamuna river bed, means that a building collapse in an earthquake situation is a distinct possibility. It was felt that the city needed to focus on solving basic problems, like low water quality, security, traffic management and intermittent power supply before looking at grandiose projects of dubious value to the city.

In 2006, the massive sealing drive by the MCD in adjoining Delhi, forced traders to shut shops in Delhi and move to other locations. Gurgaon and Noida were the favoured destinations for such people, pushing property rates, both commercial and residential, further up. In November 2006, the Sector 18 market, a prime commercial area, set a new record for land rates in the NCR region with a plot of land being sold at an astronomical Rs. 650,000 per square meter, (approx $15,276 per square meter), a rate that compares well against the highest rates of real estate across the major cities of the world including New York, Tokyo, Singapore and Hong Kong.

Sports

In 2005, the city hosted the Noida Half-Marathon and the city's maiden international exposure, the Queen's Baton Relay for the Commonwealth Games. The cycling competition for 2010 commonwealth games was held at NOIDA-Greater Noida express way. The Noida Golf Course is situated on the southern end of the city, and boasts a 18 hole par 72 course. In 2011, Greater Noida hosted the inaugural Formula One Indian Grand Prix at the Buddh International Circuit constructed by Jaypee Group. The circuit is the first of its kind in South Asia.

Transport

Delhi Metro

Noida has been put on the fast track for the Delhi Metro. The Metro, which was earlier slated to enter Noida in 2011, opened officially on 12 November 2009, 10 months before the Commonwealth Games. Through Delhi Metro, Noida is now connected to Connaught Place, New Delhi, via Barakhambha Road, IP Estate and Akshardham Complex. The Metro connects NOIDA to Vaishali, through the Yamuna Bank interchange station. A part of this link opened on 11 November 2006. Metro will be further expanded in the city and will go to Greater Noida. Recently, two new extension of Noida Metro has been approved up to 'Sector 62, Noida' from 'Noida City Center' and up to Jasola in New Delhi from 'Botanical Garden, Noida'.

Road

Noida features three main expressways. One is the DND Flyway, which connects Noida and Delhi, runs across the river Yamuna, and receives heavy patronage from office-goers in the city. The second is the Noida-Greater Noida Expressway and the third is the Yamuna Expressway which connects Noida to Agra via Mathura. The area adjacent to the NGN Expressway has seen heavy residential development in recent years.

UPSRTC, DTC and private buses ply through various routes in the city. Taxi, autorickshaws and cycle rickshaws are available for short-distance transport.

Rail/Air

Noida is not connected by railways directly, but there are railway stations nearby reachable by road, including Ghaziabad and Anand Vihar. However, New Delhi Railway Station and Old Delhi Railway station are the main railway stations ones used most often by commuters to reach Noida. The nearest airport is the Indira Gandhi International Airport in Delhi. Noida administration is planning to construct a helipad in Sector 128 from the airport to Noida and from Noida to Agra.

See also

References

External links

  • Noida Weather

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