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Nine Ladies

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Title: Nine Ladies  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Peak District, Arbor Low, European megaliths, Five Wells, Barbrook One
Collection: Archaeological Sites in Derbyshire, English Heritage Sites in Derbyshire, Peak District, Stone Circles in Derbyshire
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Nine Ladies

Nine Ladies
The Nine Ladies stone circle
Nine Ladies is located in Derbyshire
Location in Derbyshire
Location Stanton Moor
Coordinates
Type Stone circle
History
Periods Bronze Age

Nine Ladies is a Bronze Age stone circle located on Stanton Moor, Derbyshire, England.[1] Part of the Peak District National Park, the site is owned by English Heritage and is often visited by tourists and hill walkers. Druids and pagans occasionally celebrate summer solstice there.[2]

Contents

  • Description 1
  • Quarry protest 2
  • Modern Druid Activity 3
  • Notes 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

Description

The King Stone looking towards the Nine Ladies stone circle

There are nine upright stones, each of local millstone grit, each less than a metre high, in a clearing in a modern wood planted on Stanton Moor.[3] They sit in a rough circle with a gap at the south side of the circle where no stone-hole has been found. However, an additional stone, lying flat rather than upright, was discovered after being exposed as a crop mark in the dry weather of 1976. It is now visible.[4] The circle is built on an embankment which levelled the local terrain.[5] The small "King Stone" lies forty metres from the circle to the west-south-west and is clearly visible from it.[1]

The Nine Ladies were among the 28 archetypal monuments in England and Wales included in General Pitt-Rivers’ Schedule to the first Ancient Monuments Protection Act, which became law in 1882. It was taken into state care the following year.[6]

Quarry protest

The site has been the focus of a long-running environmental protest.

In 1999 Stancliffe Stone Ltd submitted a planning application to re-open two dormant quarries (Endcliffe and Lees Cross) on the wooded hillside beside Stanton Moor. The proposed quarry was only 200 metres (660 ft) from Nine Ladies, on land owned by Haddon Hall estate and leased to Stancliffe Stone.

The hillside

A local protest group SLAG (Stanton Lees Action Group) was set up to oppose the quarry. The group was joined by environmental protesters who set up a long-running and controversial protest camp. They built many tree houses, from which the inhabitants are hard to evict. The protesters defied a court eviction order in February 2004, and continued to occupy the site until the winter of 2008–09.

In 2004 the High Court classified the two quarries as dormant. This decision was appealed but the classification was upheld in June 2005.[7] This meant that the quarries could not re-open until the Peak District National Park Authority agreed on a set of working conditions for them. In 2008 permission to quarry near the circle was finally revoked.[8]

Modern Druid Activity

A sacrifice in the heart of the circle.

The site is a popular venue for pagan worship, particularly around the time of the solstices.[9] Pagans were amongst those protesting against the quarrying on the moor.[10] However, the pagan worshippers at the site are not a unified body and so tensions exist: for example, some pagans may leave offerings in the circle, but others regard these as litter.[11]

Notes

  1. ^ a b Burl 1995:53
  2. ^ McGuire and Smith 2007:12
  3. ^ Cope 1998:262
  4. ^ McGuire and Smith 2007:20
  5. ^ McGuire and Smith 2007:26
  6. ^ McGuire and Smith 2007:19
  7. ^ Earth First! Action Reports
  8. ^ Dugan 2008
  9. ^ McGuire and Smith 2007:49-50 citing Isherwood 2004
  10. ^ Blain and Wallis 2007
  11. ^ McGuire and Smith 2007:109-110

References

  • Blain, Jenny; Wallis, Robert J. (2007). Sacred sites--contested rites/rights: Pagan engagements with archaeological monuments. Eastbourne, UK: Sussex Academic Press.  
  • Burl, A. (1995). The Stone Circles of Britain, Ireland and Brittany. New Haven:CT: Yale University Press.  
  • Cope, J. (1998). The Modern Antiquarian. London: Thorsons.  
  • Dugan, Emily (5 August 2008). "The eco-warriors who became local heroes". The Independent (London). Retrieved 2009-09-06. 
  • McGuire, Stella; Smith, Ken (2007). "Stanton Moor Conservation Plan 2007" (PDF). Peak District National Park Authority. Retrieved 2009-09-06. 
  • Isherwood, R. (2004). Meanings and Values within a Contested Landscape: the case of the Nine Ladies Stone Circle, Stanton Moor, Derbyshire. (Unpublished MA dissertation). Department of Art History and Archaeology, University of Manchester. 

External links

  • Nine Ladies page: English Heritage
  • Nine Ladies Anti-Quarry Campaign
  • Guardian Article: Eco-warriors sense victory in battle to protect Nine Ladies
  • The Megalithic Portal Nine Ladies Page
  • The Modern Antiquarian Nine Ladies Page
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