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Title: Noktundo  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: North Korea–Russia border, Middle Rocks, Liancourt Rocks, Scarborough Shoal standoff, Outer Mongolia
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Korean name
Hangul 녹둔도 / 록둔도
Hanja 鹿屯島
Russian name
Russian Ноктундо

Noktundo might be a former island in the canal of the Tumen River on the border between Primorsky Krai and North Korea.[1] The area of the island was 32 square kilometres (12 sq mi).[2]

In the 15th century, Noktundo belonged to the Joseon Dynasty of Korea. In 1587 there was a battle fought on this island between the Jurchen and the local garrison under the control of Yi Sun-sin, a national hero of Korea.

At the time of the shallowing of the northern branch of the Tumen, the canal of the river changed from time to time. As a result, the island of Noktundo was sometimes joined with the mainland of Primorsky Krai. Regardless, the island remained under Korean jurisdiction.

Under the 1860 Convention of Peking, the Qing Dynasty ceded the island to the Russian Empire. This became a matter of protest to the Koreans, who claimed that the Qing had no authority to do so.[3]


  1. ^ 이옥희 [Yi Ok-heui]; 최한성 [Choe Han-seong]; 안재섭 [An Jae-seop] (2004), "두만강 하구 녹둔도의 위치 비정(批正)에 관한 연구 [Geographical Study on the Location of Nokdun-do in lower Tuman river]", 《대한지리학회 2004년 춘계학술대회논문집》 [Proceedings of the 2004 Conference of the Korean Geographical Society], retrieved 2010-06-10 
  2. ^ "우리땅 우리魂 영토분쟁 현장을 가다 10 잊혀진 섬 녹둔도", Donga Ilbo, 2004-06-10, retrieved 2010-06-10 ; of interest even to those who do not read Korean, some maps and photos are given at the bottom of the article.
  3. ^ Головнин, В. И. (2008-12-14), "Прошлое как оружие", Россия в глобальной политике 6 (35), retrieved 2010-06-10 

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