World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article
 

Norman Shumway

Norman Shumway
Born (1923-02-09)February 9, 1923
Kalamazoo, Michigan
Died February 10, 2006(2006-02-10) (aged 83)
Palo Alto, California
Nationality United States
Fields Heart Surgery
Institutions Stanford University
Alma mater John Tarleton Agricultural College, Baylor University, Vanderbilt University, University of Minnesota
Known for Ciclosporin
Notable awards Lister Medal (1994)

Norman Edward Shumway (February 9, 1923 – February 10, 2006) was a pioneer of heart surgery at Stanford University. He is widely regarded as the father of heart transplantation.

Contents

  • Early life 1
  • Heart transplant pioneer 2
  • Awards 3
  • Family life 4
  • See also 5
  • References 6

Early life

Shumway was born in Kalamazoo, Michigan. He attended the University of Michigan for one year as an undergraduate until he was drafted by the Army in 1943, which sent him to John Tarleton Agricultural College in Stephenville, Texas for engineering training. He then underwent Army Specialized Training, which included nine months of pre-medical training at Baylor University, followed by enrollment at Vanderbilt University for medical school. He received his M.D. from Vanderbilt in 1949. He did his residency at the University of Minnesota under Walt Lillehei[1] alongside future fellow transplantation pioneer Christiaan Barnard, and was awarded a surgical doctorate in 1956. In 1958, he began working as an instructor in surgery at Stanford Hospital in San Francisco, California, and later, in Palo Alto when the hospital was moved.

He spent many years training promising young residents of cardiothoracic surgery at Stanford University.

Heart transplant pioneer

In collaboration with heart transplant operation in the United States in 1968, after Barnard's 1967 operation in South Africa, which was based upon the work of Shumway and Richard Lower.[1] The early years of the procedure were difficult, with few patients surviving for long. Shumway was the only American surgeon to continue performing the operation after others abandoned it after poor results.

In the 1970s he and his team refined the operation, tackling the problems of rejection and the necessity for potentially dangerous drugs to suppress the immune system. In particular he pioneered the use of cyclosporine, instead of traditional drugs, which made the operation safer.[3]

Awards

Family life

Shumway's marriage to the former Mary Lou Stuurmans ended in divorce. The couple had four children, one of whom directs heart and lung transplantation at the University of Minnesota.

He died of lung cancer in Palo Alto in 2006, on the day after his 83rd birthday.[5][6]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b McRae, D. (2007). Every Second Counts. Berkley.
  2. ^ Arthur H. Aufses, Barbara Niss, This house of noble deeds: the Mount Sinai Hospital, 1852-2002, Google Books
  3. ^ Pioneers of Heart Surgery, PBS, 8 April 1997
  4. ^ The Newsletter of the International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation, Volume 1, Issue 1, Ishlt.org, Summer 1998
  5. ^ "Norman Shumway, Heart Transplantation Pioneer, Dies At 83", Stanford University School of Medicine News, 2 October 2006
  6. ^ Altman, Lawrence K. (February 11, 2006). "Norman E. Shumway, 83, Who Made the Heart Transplant a Standard Operation, Dies".  
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.