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North Gyeongsang Province

North Gyeongsang Province
Korean transcription(s)
 • Hangul 경상북도
 • Hanja 慶尙北道
 • McCune‑Reischauer Kyŏngsangbuk-to
 • Revised Romanization Gyeongsangbuk-do
Official logo of North Gyeongsang Province
Location of North Gyeongsang Province
Country South Korea
Region Yeongnam
Capital Daegu
Subdivisions 10 cities; 13 counties
 • Governor Kim Kwan-yong
 • Total 19,030 km2 (7,350 sq mi)
Area rank 1st
Population (October, 2014)[1]
 • Total 2,700,328
 • Rank 3rd
 • Density 141.7/km2 (367/sq mi)
Metropolitan Symbols
 • Flower Crape-myrtle
 • Tree Zelcova
 • Bird Common heron
Dialect Gyeongsang

North Gyeongsang Province (Korean: 경상북도; RR: Gyeongsangbuk-do), also known as Gyeongbuk, is a province in eastern South Korea. The province was formed in 1896 from the northern half of the former Gyeongsang province, remained a province of Korea until the country's division in 1945, then became part of South Korea.

The Gyeongsangbuk-do Office is located in Daegu, but Daegu has not been a part of the province since 1981. Daegu was the capital of Gyeongsang-do before 1896 and Gyeongsangbuk between 1896 and 1981. The Gyeongsangbuk-do Office will be relocated in a borderland between Andong and Yecheon.[2]

The area of the province is 19,030 square kilometres (7,350 sq mi), 19.1% of the total area of South Korea.[3]


  • Geography and climate 1
  • Culture 2
  • Sister provinces 3
  • Religion 4
  • Administrative divisions 5
  • See also 6
  • References 7
  • External links 8

Geography and climate

The province is part of the Yeongnam region, on the south by Gyeongsangnam-do, on the west by Jeollabuk-do and Chungcheongbuk-do Provinces, and on the north by Gangwon-do Province. During the summer, Gyeongsangbuk-do is perhaps the hottest province in South Korea. This is helped by the fact that the province is largely surrounded by mountains: the Taebaek Mountains in the east and the Sobaek Mountains in the west.


Gyeongsangbuk-do is the homeland of the former kingdom of Silla and has retained much of its cultural tradition. A number of artists, political leaders and scholars have come from the province.

Sister provinces


Religion in North Gyeongsang (2005)[4]

  Not religious (47.5%)
  Buddhism (33.9%)
  Protestantism (11.5%)
  Catholicism (7.1%)

According to the census of 2005, of the people of North Gyeongsang 33.9% follow Buddhism and 18.6% follow Christianity (11.5% Protestantism and 7.1% Catholicism).[4] 47.5% of the population is mostly not religious or follow Muism and other indigenous religions.

Administrative divisions

Gyeongsangbuk-do is divided into 10 cities (si) and 13 counties (gun). The names below are given in English, hangul, and hanja.

Night view of Pohang
Map # Name Hangul Hanja Population (2013)[5] Subdivisions
Specific City
1 Pohang 포항시 浦項市 519,060 2 ilban-gu — 4 eup, 10 myeon, 15 haengjeong-dong
2 Gumi 구미시 龜尾市 417,708 2 eup, 6 myeon, 19 haengjeong-dong
3 Gyeongsan 경산시 慶山市 247,613 2 eup, 6 myeon, 7 haengjeong-dong
4 Gyeongju 경주시 慶州市 263,704 4 eup, 8 myeon, 11 haengjeong-dong
5 Andong 안동시 安東市 167,826 1 eup, 13 myeon, 10 haengjeong-dong
6 Gimcheon 김천시 金泉市 135,191 1 eup, 14 myeon, 7 haengjeong-dong
7 Yeongju 영주시 榮州市 112,482 1 eup, 9 myeon, 9 haengjeong-dong
8 Sangju 상주시 尙州市 103,950 1 eup, 17 myeon, 6 haengjeong-dong
9 Yeongcheon 영천시 永川市 101,295 1 eup, 10 myeon, 5 haengjeong-dong
10 Mungyeong 문경시 聞慶市 75,749 2 eup, 7 myeon, 5 haengjeong-dong
11 Chilgok County 칠곡군 漆谷郡 120,135 3 eup, 5 myeon
12 Uiseong County 의성군 義城郡 56,777 1 eup, 17 myeon
13 Uljin County 울진군 蔚珍郡 51,723 2 eup, 8 myeon
14 Yecheon County 예천군 醴泉郡 45,948 1 eup, 11 myeon
15 Cheongdo County 청도군 淸道郡 43,787 2 eup, 7 myeon
16 Seongju County 성주군 星州郡 44,824 1 eup, 9 myeon
17 Yeongdeok County 영덕군 盈德郡 40,213 1 eup, 8 myeon
18 Goryeong County 고령군 高靈郡 35,281 1 eup, 7 myeon
19 Bonghwa County 봉화군 奉化郡 33,936 1 eup, 9 myeon
20 Cheongsong County 청송군 靑松郡 26,432 1 eup, 7 myeon
21 Gunwi County 군위군 軍威郡 24,104 1 eup, 7 myeon
22 Yeongyang County 영양군 英陽郡 18,259 1 eup, 5 myeon
23 Ulleung County 울릉군 鬱陵郡 10,557 1 eup, 2 myeon

See also


  1. ^
  2. ^ Jang Byeong-cheol (장병철, 7 April 2009). "도청이전 신도시 개발 본격화". Kyongbuk Ilbo (Pohang).
  3. ^ 경북현황 (in Korean). North Gyeongsang Province. Retrieved 18 March 2013. 
  4. ^ a b 2005 Census - Religion Results
  5. ^ 2013년 1분기 주민등록인구현황 (in Korean). North Gyeongsang Province. March 2013. Retrieved 10 June 2013. 

External links

  • Gyeongsangbuk-do provincial government in English
  • (French) Alsace/Gyeongsangbuk-do
  • North Gyeongsang Province travel guide from Wikivoyage
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