World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Northeastern University (China)

Article Id: WHEBN0000929918
Reproduction Date:

Title: Northeastern University (China)  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Bo Yang, Li Liguo, Project 985, Neusoft, National University of Defense Technology
Collection: Educational Institutions Established in 1923, Project 211, Project 985, Universities and Colleges in Shenyang
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Northeastern University (China)

Northeastern University
Motto 自强不息,知行合一[1]
Motto in English Self-discipline, seeking and acting for truth.
Established 1923
Type Public
President Zhao Ji (赵继)
Academic staff 2322
Undergraduates 23080
Postgraduates 7646
Location Shenyang, Liaoning,  People's Republic of China
Colors NEU blue     

Northeastern University (NEU; simplified Chinese: 东北大学; traditional Chinese: 東北大學; pinyin: Dōngběi Dàxué) is a public university in the city of Shenyang, Liaoning Province, China. With an annual enrollment of over 20,000 students, it is one of China's high level universities designated for the state key construction of the 211 Project and 985 Project.


  • History 1
  • Academics 2
  • Campus 3
  • Notable people 4
  • See also 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7


The university was founded on April 26, 1923 in the capital city of Liaoning province, Shenyang (previously known as Mukden), which was also the historic political and economic center of Northeast China. Northeastern University attracted top scholars and teachers from throughout the region, and it quickly developed into a comprehensive university, with six schools in science, engineering, humanities, law, agriculture, and education. In July 1928, the university was taken over by Marshall Chang Hsüeh-liang (張學良, Zhang Xueliang), the military warlord who controlled all of Northeast China at the time. Marshall Chang assumed the title of president and became the university's most important financial and political patron in its early history.

Less than a decade after it was founded, the university was forced to evacuate following the Manchukuo. Like many other national universities in China during the Second Sino-Japanese War, Northeastern University was repeatedly displaced and re-established in several cities. The university was relocated to Beijing, Xi'an, and the city of Santai in Sichuan Province, before the war ended in August 1945. The university returned to its original campus in Shenyang in February 1946.

After the establishment of the People's Republic of China on 1 October 1949, Northeast China became the beneficiary of substantial Soviet investment. The region became heavily industrialized and one of the most prosperous regions in China. Northeast University was renamed Northeast University of Technology in August 1950, and it became primarily an engineering school.

By the 1990s, economic reforms had caused most of the nation's economic investment to shift to the Pacific Coast cities. While most of China became increasingly prosperous, factories throughout Northeast China closed and the region fell into an extended economic recession. On 8 March 1993, Northeast University reverted to its original name.

Today, Northeastern University is part of the 211 Project and Project 985, nationwide efforts to expand and modernize the nation's university system. The university is also part of the national government's initiative to replace the region's heavy manufacturing industry with a modern high-tech manufacturing economy.


Northeastern University consists of the School of Liberal Arts and Law, the School of Business Administration, the School of Sciences, the School of Resources and Civil Engineering, the School of Materials Science and Metallurgy, the School of Mechanical Engineering, the School of Information Science and Engineering, Sino-Dutch School of Biomedical and Information Engineering, and the Department of Foreign Languages. It has 46 undergraduate programs, 53 master's degree programs, and 23 doctoral degree programs, as well as an adult education program.


The campus has 1.98 million square meters and 730,000 square meters of floor space.

Notable people

Zhang Xueliang, Lin Huiyin, Liang Sicheng

Liu Jiren, Shan Tianfang, Bo Yang, Guo Xiaochuan, Liu Changchun

See also


  1. ^ "校标校名校训校风校歌". Retrieved July 3, 2014. 

External links

  • Northeastern University of China (Official website)

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.