World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Nuclear energy in Slovakia

Article Id: WHEBN0031196657
Reproduction Date:

Title: Nuclear energy in Slovakia  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Nuclear energy policy by country, Nuclear power in the European Union, Nuclear energy in Turkey, Nuclear energy in Austria, Nuclear power in the United Arab Emirates
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Nuclear energy in Slovakia

Nuclear power stations in Slovakia ()
 Active plants

Slovakia has four operational nuclear reactors, commissioned between 1984 and 1999. The net MWe is 1,815 and nuclear energy produces approximately 52% of the country’s electricity.[1] Of Slovakia's seven reactors, the three oldest ones have shut down. However, the government is committed to nuclear power, and two more reactors have been under construction at Mochovce since 1985.[2]

Prior to its accession to the European Union, Slovakia had to shut down two of its older reactors at Bohunice, because they did not meet European safety standards. Slovakia spent significant effort to achieve WANO standards, but the EU insisted on the shutdowns. The first plant closed 31 December 2006 and the second on the last day of 2008. The closure of these units, prior to the completion of two new reactors has left the country short on power and Slovakia became an energy importer after the first plant was shut down.

Within the EU, Slovakia is one of the pro-nuclear Visegrád Group nations.[3][4]

The two planned reactors at Mochovce are to be of capacity of MWe 405 each[2] and completion dates of 2012 and 2013. Italian power company Enel, a majority shareholder of the Slovak power company, plans investment of €1.6 billion for completion of the Mochovce Nuclear Power Plant units 3 and 4 by 2011–2012. In January 2006 the Slovak government approved a new energy strategy incorporating these plans, with capacity uprates at Mochovce NPP units 1 and 2, and at Bohunice Nuclear Power Plant units 3 and 4.[5]

Radioactive waste in Slovakia is disposed without reprocessing. The spent fuel stays at the reactor site; however, some spent fuel has been exported to Russia. Slovakia has also begun a search for a high-level waste repository and established a fund with approximately €775 million to build it.


  1. ^
  2. ^ a b IAEA PRIS-database:
  3. ^
  4. ^
  5. ^ "Nuclear Power in Slovakia".  
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.