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Oscytel

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Oscytel

Oscytel
Archbishop of York
Province York
Diocese Diocese of York
See Archbishop of York
Appointed 958
Term ended 971
Predecessor Wulfstan
Successor Edwald
Other posts Bishop of Dorchester
Orders
Consecration between 934 and 951
Personal details
Birth name Oscytel
Died 971
Thame
Buried Bedford

Oscytel (or Oskytel; died 971) was a medieval Bishop of Dorchester and Archbishop of York.

Oscytel was probably of Danish ancestry.[1] He was related to Oswald, Bishop of Worcester and later Archbishop of York, and Thurcytel, who was abbot of Bedford Abbey. All three men were landowners in the eastern midlands, with Oskytel owning lands at Beeby, in Leicestershire. No other information about Oskytel's birth and upbringing is known.[2] A legend stated that his father was a Dane who arrived in England as part of a pagan war band.[3]

Oscytel was selected to the see of Dorchester sometime between 934 and 951,[4] probably pretty close to 951 for the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle says that he had been a bishop for twenty-two years when he died. 951 is also when he first attests a charter as bishop. A previous mention of an "Oscetel" as either a sacrist or treasurer in 949 may or may not be the same person. Oskytel only starts showing up consistently after the death of King Eadred of England, who left the bishop some bequests in his will. At first Oskytel supported King Eadwig of England, but in about 958 he switched to supporting Eadwig's brother King Edgar of England.[2]

Oscytel became archbishop in 958.[5] However, he continued to hold the see of Dorchester along with York, a practice known as pluralism. It is probably due to Oskytel's pluralism that Nottinghamshire was added to the see of York instead of remaining with Dorchester where it had been before. The Anglo Saxon Chronicle from Ramsey says that he went to Rome for his pallium, but no other sources say that he did so. While archbishop he advanced the career of his kinsman Oswald by bringing him to the attention of Dunstan, and encouraging Oswald's foundation of Ramsey Abbey. Oskytel also was a benefactor to the new monastic houses that were formed in the fens during his time as archbishop.[2] The precise nature of Oskytel's and Oswald's relationship is unclear, but they were relatives.[6]

Oscytel died on 1 November 971[5] or on 31 October 971 at Thame, and was buried at Bedford.[2]

Citations

  1. ^ Duckett Alfred the Great p. 127
  2. ^ a b c d Barrow "Oscytel (d. 971)" Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
  3. ^ Brooke "York Minster" Churches and Churchmen p. 38
  4. ^ Fryde, et al. Handbook of British Chronology p. 215
  5. ^ a b Fryde, et al. Handbook of British Chronology p. 224
  6. ^ Fletcher Bloodfeud p. 69

References

  • Barrow, Julia (2004). "Oscytel (d. 971)" ((subscription or UK public library membership required)). Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press.  
  • Brooke, C. N. L. (1999). "York Minster from the Ninth to the early Thirteenth Centuries". Churches and Churchmen in Medieval Europe. London: Hambledon Press. pp. 37–68.  
  • Duckett, Eleanor Shipley (1970). Alfred the Great: The King and His England. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press.  
  •  
  • Fryde, E. B.; Greenway, D. E.; Porter, S.; Roy, I. (1996). Handbook of British Chronology (Third revised ed.). Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.  

External links

  • Prosopography of Anglo Saxon England entry on Oscytel
Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Æthelwold
Bishop of Dorchester
between 934 and 951–958
Succeeded by
Wulfric
Preceded by
Wulfstan
Archbishop of York
958–971
Succeeded by
Edwald
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