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Parakrama Samudra

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Title: Parakrama Samudra  
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Language: English
Subject: Irrigation works in ancient Sri Lanka, Buildings and structures in North Central Province, Sri Lanka, Wasgamuwa National Park, Maithripala Sirisena, Sinhalese people
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Parakrama Samudra

Parakrama Samudraya
Location Polonnaruwa
Type reservoir
Catchment area 75,000,000 m2
Basin countries Sri Lanka
Surface area 22,600,000 m2
Average depth 5 m (Mean)
Max. depth 12.7 m
Surface elevation 58.5 m

Parakrama Samudra (or Parakrama's sea or the Sea of King Parakrama) is a shallow reservoir, consisting of three separate reservoirs connected by narrow channels in Polonnaruwa, Sri Lanka.

The northernmost reservoir is the oldest and referred to as Topa wewa (Sinhalese wewa = lake or reservoir) built around 386. The middle section Eramudu wewa and the southernmost portion, at the highest elevation, is Dumbutula wewa, both sections were added and the reservoir expanded during the reign of King Parâkramabâhu I.[1]


  1. ^ PARAKRAMA SAMUDRA (LAKE PARAKRAMA) - International Lake Environment Committee

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