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Parliament of Latvia

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Parliament of Latvia

Type Unicameral
Speaker Solvita Āboltiņa, Unity
Since 2010
Seats 100
Political groups      Harmony Centre (31)
     Unity (20)
     Reform Party (16)
     National Alliance (14)
     Union of Greens and Farmers (13)
     Non-attached (6)
Voting system Open list proportional representation with a 5% election threshold
Last election 17 September 2011
Meeting place
House of the Livonian noble corporation, Riga
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The Saeima (IPA: [sæimaː]) is the parliament of the Republic of Latvia. It is a unicameral parliament consisting of 100 members who are elected by proportional representation, with seats allocated to political parties which gain at least 5% of the popular vote. Elections are scheduled to be held once every four years, normally on the first Saturday of October. The most recent elections were held in September 2011.

The President of Latvia can dismiss the Saeima and request early elections. The procedure for dismissing it involves substantial political risk to the president, including a risk of loss of office. On May 28, 2011, president Valdis Zatlers decided to initiate the dissolution of the current Saeima, which was to be decided in a referendum. The Saeima was dissolved on 23 July 2011.[1]

The current Speaker of the Saeima is Solvita Āboltiņa.

The word "Saeima" meaning "a gathering, a meeting, a council" was constructed by the Young Latvian Juris Alunāns. It stems from the archaic Latvian word eima meaning "to go" (derived from the PIE *ei "to go" and also a cognate with the Ancient Greek eimi, Gaulish eimu among others) [2]

Deputies are elected to represent one of five constituencies: Kurzeme (13 deputies), Latgale (15), Riga (30), Vidzeme (27), and Zemgale (15). Seats are distributed in each constituency by open list proportional representation among the parties that overcome a 5% national election threshold.


Template:Latvian parliamentary election, 2011

Members (since 1990)

  • List of members of the parliament of Latvia, 1990–1993
  • List of members of the parliament of Latvia, 1993–1995
  • List of members of the parliament of Latvia, 1995–1998
  • List of members of the parliament of Latvia, 1998–2002
  • List of members of the parliament of Latvia, 2002–2006
  • List of members of the parliament of Latvia, 2006–2010
  • List of members of the parliament of Latvia, 2010–2011
  • List of members of the parliament of Latvia, 2011–present

See also


External links

  • Latvijas Republikas Saeima
  • Central Election Commission of Latvia

Coordinates: 56°57′04″N 24°06′18″E / 56.95111°N 24.10500°E / 56.95111; 24.10500

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