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Parliament of Nepal

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Title: Parliament of Nepal  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Government of Nepal, April 2006, Nepal Academy, Khadgajeet Baral, Nepalese Constituent Assembly election, 2013
Collection: Bicameral Legislatures, Government of Nepal, Parliaments by Country, Politics of Nepal
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Parliament of Nepal

Parliament of Nepal
Houses House of Representatives
House of the States
Seats 265 members (205 and 60)
single-seat constituency
Meeting place
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Foreign relations

The Parliament of Nepal was dissolved by King Gyanendra in 2002, on the grounds that it was incapable of handling the Maoist rebels. The country's five main political parties have staged protests against the king, arguing that he must either call fresh elections or reinstate the elected legislature. In 2004 the king announced that parliamentary elections would be held within twelve months; in April 2006, in response to major pro-democratic protests, it was announced that Parliament would be reestablished.[1]

On January 15, 2007, the old parliament was dissolved and replaced by the 330-member interim legislature of Nepal.


  • History 1
  • Women's Representation in the National Parliament 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5


During the time the 1990 Constitution was in effect, Nepal had a two chamber Parliament (Sansad):

  • The House of Representatives (Pratinidhi Sabha) had 205 members elected for five year term in single-seat constituencies.
  • The House of the States (Rashtriya Sabha) had 60 members, 35 members elected by the Pratinidhi Sabha, 15 representatives of Regional Development Areas and 10 appointed members.

After the success of the April 2006 people's movement, an Interim Constitution was promulgated and a constituent assembly election was held in April 2008. The 601-member assembly on 28 May 2008 abolished the 238 years old monarchy and declared the country a republic. The parliament cum constituent assembly, which was initially given two years to draft a new constitution, was dissolved on 27 May 2012 after its failure to draft a new constitution due to differences over restructuring the state. Nepal now has no parliament and is ruled by a caretaker government led by Prime Minister Baburam Bhattarai, a UCPN (Maoist) leader. Nepal's Interim Constitution did not foresee that the constituent assembly would fail to promulgate a new constitution. Now in the absence of parliament it has become constitutionally impossible to amend the constitution to hold new parliamentary or CA election. Also, bitter wrangling among the political parties has prevented various key appointments including in constitutional bodies and prevented the Maoist government from unveiling a full fiscal budget.

Women's Representation in the National Parliament

Women’s representation in the Parliament of Nepal has increased in the Constituent Assembly, which will have immense role to draft the future constitution of Nepal.[1]

See also


  1. ^ a b "Nepal's Political Development: Nepal Constituent Assembly Portal". Retrieved 2010-04-10. 

External links

  • Official website
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