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Pasukan Gerakan Khas

Pasukan Gerakan Khas
Special Operations Command
Abbreviation PGK
The crest of the 69 Commandos of PGK, featuring a pair of kerambit
The crest of the Special Actions Unit of PGK
Motto Inheritance of The Blood of Warriors – 69 Commando
Quick to Overcome Terror – UTK
Agency overview
Formed 20 October, 1997 (1997)
Legal personality Governmental: Government agency
Jurisdictional structure
National agency Malaysia
Governing body Government of Malaysia
General nature
Specialist jurisdiction Counter terrorism, special weapons and tactics, protection of VIPs.
Operational structure
Headquarters Bukit Aman near Kuala Lumpur
Operators ~ 4,000
Minister of Home Affair responsible Ahmad Zahid Hamidi
Parent agency Royal Malaysia Police
Specialties Firearms & tactical response, Domestic counter-terrorism, Hostage negotiation, VIP protection

The Pasukan Gerakan Khas (Abbreviation: PGK; Special Operations Command; SOCOM of Federal Police) is an elite high-profile counter-terrorism and special operations tactical unit of the Royal Malaysia Police (RMP).[1] The PGK has two distinct subdivisions; VAT 69 (Very Able Trooper-69; Komando 69) and the Special Actions Unit (Malay: Unit Tindakan Khas; UTK).

The PGK are specially trained to intervene in high-risk events like hostage and barricade situations by hostile forces, especially terrorists and/or criminals. It was originally over 4,000 full-time operators. The actual size and organisation of the Directorate is classified. The PGK commonly functions as a high-level national tactical team in extremely sensitive or dangerous situations.

Contents

  • History 1
    • VAT 69 1.1
    • UTK 1.2
    • Merger 1.3
  • Functions 2
  • Identities 3
    • Insignia 3.1
  • Organisation 4
  • Roles 5
  • Recruitment, selection and training 6
  • PGK equipment 7
    • Weapons 7.1
      • Notes 7.1.1
    • Tactical Vehicles 7.2
    • Developments and Acquisitions 7.3
  • List of Unit Commanders 8
  • Killed in the line of duty 9
  • Missions 10
    • Publicly known missions 10.1
  • See also 11
  • Further reading 12
  • References 13
  • External links 14

History

VAT 69

The VAT 69 (Very Able Troopers 69), also known as Task Force, Charlie Force and Special Project Team, is modelled on the British 22nd Special Air Service Regiment. It was founded in 1969 (hence the name – 69) as a small combat unit to counter the tactics and techniques of the communist terrorists.[2] It is began when the Minister of Home Affairs and Internal Security, The Honorable Allahyarham (late) Tun Dr Ismail proposed the formation of a special force for fighting the communist insurgency in 1969.

In October 1969, 60 from 1,600 officers and men of the Police Field Force applied for VAT 69 training and qualified themselves for basic commando training. A group of drill instructors from SAS were sent to Fort Kemar, Perak to supervise the inaugural 69 Commando. Only 30 police officers managed to pass and they formed the first nucleus troop of 69 Commando Battalion.[2]

In the 1970s, VAT 69 started its initial operations and was successfully deployed against the Malayan National Liberation Army during the Communist Insurgency War. As a result, a significant number of MNLA guerrillas were neutralised and large amounts of weapons and equipment were seized.[3] VAT 69 also cooperated with the Senoi Praaq Regiment, an exclusively Orang Asli police light infantry unit, in operations against pro-Communist ASAL groups, which were composed of Orang Asli sympathisers of the Malayan Communists.[4]

In 1977, three new squadrons were raised and trained by the New Zealand Special Air Service and a special course was also conducted to train their own instructors. This expansion programme was completed in 1980 and VAT 69 had fully equipped units with its own logistics department.[2]

UTK

Unit Tindakan Khas (UTK) or Special Actions Unit is a secondary special forces unit of the RMP after VAT 69. This unit performs as a high-level national SWAT team and the unit's men also undertake undercover missions. Founded in 1 January 1975, they were also deployed in the first mission during the Japanese Red Army (Nihon Sekigun) hostage incident in 5 August 1975 when the terrorists held approximately 50 civilians including members of the US consulate and the Swedish chargé d'affaires as hostages within the AIA building housing several embassies in Kuala Lumpur, two years after the massacre of Israeli hostages in Munich, West Germany by the Palestinian Black September army group in 1973. The terrorists won the release of five imprisoned comrades and flew with them to Libya. Similarly, the UTK were also trained by the 22 SAS but they operate in a very different tactical atmosphere as compared by US Capitol Police SWAT units. In the selection phase, only twenty from more than a hundred police applicants are selected annually. UTK were also involved with the Grup Gerak Khas (Malaysian Army Special Forces) to manage security in the 1998 Commonwealth Games.

Merger

On 20 October 1997, the Dato' Seri Dr Mahathir Muhammad and Inspector General of Police Tan Sri Rahim Noor.[5]

Although amalgamated into one directorate, they are essentially still two separate entities operating in two distinct operational environments.

Functions

PGK roles are believed to include:

  • Intelligence collection in deep reconnaissance missions and warfare.
  • Special operations to support the RMP Special Branch in combating subversive organisations or terrorist activities.
  • Counter Terrorism operations inside Malaysian territory in conjunction with armed forces.
  • Law enforcement operations in dealing with armed criminals inside Malaysian territory.
  • Counter terrorism operations outside Malaysian territory; including Operation Astute in Timor Leste.
  • Search and rescue operations inside or outside Malaysian territory, such as aid operations in the aftermath of the 2004 tsunami in Acheh, Indonesia.
  • Protection of senior Malaysian dignitaries, ministers and VIPs.

Identities

Maroon berets
A symbol of Pasukan Gerakan Khas Detachment A or Special Actions Unit (UTK).
Sand coloured berets
A symbol of Pasukan Gerakan Khas Detachment B or 69 Commandos (VAT 69).
Trimedia Parachute Wings
The recognised symbol of the PGK. It also identifies the abilities of parachutist, airborne unit and air assault operations.

Insignia

Motto
Warisan Darah Perwira (English : Heritage of the blood of Heroes)
Black
Black symbolises the highly secretive nature of VAT 69 operations.
Red
Red symbolises bravery.
Yellow
Yellow symbolises "Loyalty to King and Country" (Malay: Taat Setia kepada Raja dan Negara).
Javelin
Lembing, another traditional weapon used by Malay warriors.
Two pieces of the curved Kerambit dagger.
Arranged to form the number 69, signifying stealth and efficiency.

Organisation

Four UTK operatives on standby. They are armed with MP5-Ns equipped with Aimpoint CompM2 Sight and Insight Technology flashlight.

Previously separate entities, both the VAT 69 and the UTK were amalgamated into the PGK on 20 October 1997, when it was launched by the 5th Inspector General of Police, Tan Sri Rahim Noor. However, the VAT 69 and the UTK are still operationing as separate units. The UTK is now officially known as Pasukan Gerakan Khas Detachment A and VAT 69 has been deputised to Pasukan Gerakan Khas Detachment B.

Based at the Royal Malaysia Police Headquarters in Bukit Aman, Kuala Lumpur, the PGK is under the direct command of the RMP's Internal and Public Security (Malay: Keselamatan Dalam Negeri dan Ketenteraman Awam) Director. The unit commander holds the rank of Senior Assistant Commissioner (SAC) and is the Deputy Director of the Internal and Public Security Branch.

With the growing threat of terrorism since the Malaysian Armed Forces, including the 10 Paratrooper Brigade, Grup Gerak Khas, PASKAL and PASKAU, so as to enable them to more effectively enforce security within Malaysia's borders.

Roles

UTK operators practice storming a ship during a PGK exercise.

The UTK tactics and organisation is primarily influenced by the

External links

  1. ^ a b
  2. ^ a b c A. Navaratnam, pp.9-10
  3. ^ A. Navaratnam, Chapters 4-21
  4. ^ A. Navaratnam, pp. 65-68
  5. ^ A. Navaratnam, p. 192
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  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o
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  22. ^ a b c d
  23. ^ The 9/11 Commission Report; about the summit, see page 159
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References

Further reading

See also

  • 19 May 2015: A team of roughly 300 operators from the 69 Commandos were deployed to the Malaysia-Thailand border to search and curb the human trafficking activities in the region. [42]
  • 2009: In February 2008, a However, the UTK's involvement in that operation was not highlighted in the media due to the top secret nature of the operations. The arrest was attributed to the Special Branch. [33] Other JI members, Abdul Matin Anol Rahmat and Johar Hassan, were also arrested together, and the police also seized documents and other paraphernalia that allegedly revealed their planned operation as well as combed the area with bomb detectors to ensure that the house was free of explosives.[32]
  • 2010: Intercepted the Sultan of Kelantan's motorcade (escorts) 30m outside of the Kelantan Royal Palace as they were heading for the Sultan Ismail Petra Airport to depart for Singapore pending further treatment at Mount Elizabeth Hospital. The team then brought the Sultan, himself not willingly, to the nearby hospital (HUSM) somewhere 200m from the Palace.[34]
  • 8 July 2011: Deployed in a hostage rescue mission in which a preschool located at Sungai Abong Park, Sakeh Street near Muar in southern Johore state was taken by a 40-year-old man. The man named Loi Hui Chung, who was suspected to be a drug addict and mentally-deranged, was armed with a hammer and a machete and he threatened to kill the hostages if his demand was not met. The siege ended at exactly 1541 GMT after UTK members stormed the building with tear gas and shot the suspect. He was in a critical condition with a head wound and died later at the Sultanah Fatimah Specialist Hospital at 2115 GMT.[35][36][37]
  • 7 February 2013: Arrested a former Internal Security Act (ISA) detainee Yazid Sufaat and two of his friends, including a women, in the Klang Valley, Selangor in separate operations. The unit nabbed Yazid and Mohd Hilmi Hasim at a canteen in the Jalan Duta court complex whilst the woman, Halimah Hussin, was picked up from her house in Kajang. They became the first few to be arrested under the new Security Offences (Special Measures) Act 2012 (SOSMA) which replaced the ISA. They were alleged to have been promoting terrorism, and had allegedly been linked to terrorist activities in Syria.[38][39][40]
  • 2013: Deployed in Lahad Datu, Sabah during the Lahad Datu conflict. The 69 Commando members were involved in hunting down a terrorist group, numbering approximately 200+ in strength, from the self-styled "Royal Security Forces of the Sultanate of Sulu and North Borneo," while UTK members were deployed in urban and populated areas to defend them. The commandos were the main assault team during the early stage of the conflict. Two officers were gunned down and three more wounded in an unexpected "white flag" ambush by the Sulu terrorists, while 12 of the terrorists were shot to death in retaliation and three other terrorists were fatally wounded.[41]
  • 2 March 2013: Officers and members of the 69 Commandos who went deploy to Lahad Datu as reinforcements rescued police officers who were trapped in an ambush by less than ten Sulu terrorists in Kampung Seri Jaya Siminul, Semporna. The terrorists, armed with AK-47 and M16 rifles, had ambushed the officers during a surveillance operation. In the ambush, six officers were downed, while six terrorists also killed after the officers launched the counter-attack.
An UTK officer using a battering ram to performing a door breaching during the CQC drill.
  • 16 July 2008: Arrested the PKR de facto leader, Dato' Seri Anwar Ibrahim in front of his house at Bukit Segambut in the twillight hours, similar to what happened in 1998, for investigations under Section 377C of the Penal Code for alleged "carnal intercourse against the order of nature" with his former aide, Mohd Saiful Bukhari Azlan. However, CID director Commissioner Dato' Mohd Bakri Zinin said that the arrest was not carried out by the UTK, but by the Bukit Aman's Serious Crimes Division (possibly by the Unit Tindakan Cepat, UTC).[31]
  • 27 September 2002: Hunted downed Gang M16, the then Most-Wanted-Criminals of Malaysia for armed robbery at the Bank of Tokyo in 1985, 16 other armed robberies in jewellery shops and pawn shops, carting away loot which amounted to RM21.28 million. It was reported that all the members of this group were Chinese and the mastermind of this group was one Elvis Keh Jiang Long a.k.a. Ah Po, the ex-Singaporean National Service personnel ( Singaporean Army), was an expert in various firearms and he was responsible for training the group for the robberies. During the gunfighting with the UTK in Batu 5, Jalan Seremban-Mantin, near the Galla Recreational Park, Mantin, Negeri Sembilan, two of the Gang M16 members, identified as Sunny Chai @ Sum Wing Chang and his righthand man, known as Hew Yau, were shot dead. Another gang member, Chang Kew Yin, managed to escape. One UTK officer was wounded. Security forces recovered an M16 rifle with two rounds of ammunition, a Colt semi-automatic handgun with 16 rounds of ammunition, a Smith & Wesson revolver and three ski-masks from the suspects' vehicles. At 28, 2 December am, Chang was gunned down in the ensuing shootout at Jalan Keris, Taman Sri Tebrau, Johor Bahru and security forces recovered a China-made Norinco pistol with three rounds of ammunition from Chang's body. Federal CID Director, Datuk Salleh Mat Som (late), said the police was always hunting for the Gang M16 members who were still at large, including sending their officers to Singapore and Thailand to track Keh down and also requested the assistance of the Australian police to locate another gang member, Hew Soon Loong @ Hong Kong Chai, who was believed to have fled to the country.[25][26]
  • Participated in hostage rescue operations against Abu Sayyaf in Sipadan Island (Pulau Sipadan) and Ligitan Island (Pulau Ligitan), Sabah with support from GOF, the Malaysian Armed Forces and Philippine Armed Forces.
  • 2003: Arrested six Jemaah Islamiyah suspect terrorists, Mohd Khaider Kadran (JI leader), Wan Amin Bin Wan Hamat, Sulaiman Suramin, Sufian Salih, Ahmad Muaz Bin Al Bakry and Hasim Talib.[22]
  • 16 October 2003/17 October 2003: Involved in VVIP protection of the Islamic leaders during the 10th Organisation of the Islamic Conference (OIC) in Putrajaya.
  • 2004: Arrested three Indonesian National Jemaah Islamiyah suspect terrorists, Zakaria Bin Samad, Ahmad Zakaria and Terhamid Bin Dahalan.
  • 16 December 2004: Participated in the search and rescue mission for the lost Indonesian BRIMOB, in which 700 personnels from the POLRI special operations force units went missing in Acheh after the tsunami incident.
  • 2004: Arrested three Indonesian National Jemaah Islamiyah suspect terrorists, Mahfudi Saifuddin, Mulyadi and Arifin related to involved with the activities of Jemaah Islamiyah (JI) other Bali bombings in 2004.
  • 2005: Undertook VVIP escort missions to protect ex-Prime Minister Tun Dr Mahathir Muhammad when he visited Johor.
  • 23 August 2005: Five officers and 32 members of the 69 Commandos of PGK counter-terrorist operatives flown to Kukup, Pontian for the intercept operations of a ship seized the Panama-registered 567-tonne vessel MV Natris which was renamed MV Paulijing, laden with soy beans and vinegar, believed to run off Batam waters, Indonesia. The ship was detected by the Marine Operations Force in the Malacca Straits after reported missing in 2003. This operation was named Operation MV Paulijing. The operation also involves members of the SWAT units of the Marine Operations Force which resulting arrested 20 Chinese crews including the captain when they refused to heed to the order by the police authorities.[27][28]
  • 2006: Deployed as part of the United Nations (U.N.) INTERFET to support the Operation Astute. It consisted of Malaysian U.N. 10 Paratrooper Brigade, Grup Gerak Khas, Australian and New Zealand U.N Armed Forces in Timor Leste.[29]
  • 2007: Arrested four alleged Jemaah Islamiyah involvements, Zulkifli Marzuki, Mohd Nasir Ismail, Ahmad Kamil Hanafiah and Muhd Amir Hanafiah.[22]
  • July 2007: Deployed in a search and rescue operation after a Sikorsy S61 Nuri helicopter of the RMAF went down along with a crew of six near Genting Sempah, Genting Highlands. The SAR team, which consisted of the US Navy Air Fleet from USS Jarret, 10 Paratrooper Brigade, the 22nd GGK, PASKAU, the police General Operations Force Senoi Praaq, Police Air Wing, Fire and Rescue Department, Forestry Department rangers, Civil Defense Department (JPA3) and villagers, located the wreckage of the chopper on 17 July 1324hrs with its rotor blades detached. The bodies of all crew members were found in the cabin of the stricken aircraft.[30]
The model of 69 Commando PGK with the HALO/HAHO equipment.
  • 29 June 1993: UTK stormed a hiding place of P. Kalimuthu or Bentong Kali at Medan Damasara, Selangor. In the shoot-out with the police, the Most-Wanted Criminal was successfully killed.
  • 1994: One of the Philippine MNLF organisations, Rizal Aleh and his father escaped from Philippines and hid in a village of Sabah where he started piracy activities. 69 Commandos led by DSP Mohd Noor Bin Razak within operations code-named Ops Bamboo II was sent to Sabah to infiltrate him. Mohd Noor were shot by Rizal at his leg during struggled with him. Both was successfully captured and sentenced by the National Court after pleading guilty for his criminal in Sabah. Later, both Rizal and his father were sent back to the Philippines Government.
  • 1998: The Pasukan Gerakan Khas and the Grup Gerak Khas were deployed to provide security and were on standby for hostage rescue, close protection and counter-terrorism duties during the 1998 Commonwealth Games held at National Stadium, Bukit Jalil, Kuala Lumpur on 11 to 21 September 1998.[17]
  • 20 September 1998: In the twilight hours, by orders from the then Prime Minister to the Inspector General of Police, Tan Sri Rahim Noor, 69th Commando PGK operatives led by Inspector Mazlan arrested the ex-Deputy Prime Minister Dato' Sri Anwar Ibrahim in his home 18 days after his ejection from the Cabinet, for inciting anti-Mahathir reforms in Kuala Lumpur. He was initially arrested under the Internal Security Act and was subsequently charged with, and convicted of, corruption and sodomy.[18] 6 years later in 2004, when he was serving his jail sentence for sodomy after completing his sentence for corruption, he was released when his sodomy conviction was overturned by the Federal Court in the case of Dato’ Seri Anwar b. Ibrahim & Sukma Darmawan Sasmitaat Madja Lwn. Pendakwa Raya.[19][20]
  • 5 July 2000: The Al-Ma'unah group stole crates of military firearms and planned to commit treason against a democratically elected government. The 69 Commandos PGK and the 22nd GGK stormed the group camp at Sauk, Malaysia and rescued 2 hostages while 2 other hostages were killed.
  • 18 January 2000: Involved in an operation to arrest the Gang Steyr, the armed criminal group which was led by ex-special forces personnel named Mohd Hizan Bin Jaafar, along with 5 men after they robbed a bank in Sri Serdang Road, Selangor. During the operation, two criminals including Mohd Hizan and Abu Hasan were killed at Melayu Majidee Village and two more were killed in a shoot-out with the police at Tol Plaza Kempas, Johor Bahru and recovered 4 Steyr AUG rifles, Smith & Wesson .22 handgun, one Remington shotgun, 85 rounds of 5.56 mm bullets, 3 rounds .22 bullets, a few bullet shells and found RM291,000. The police also launched an operation to hunt two other members of the gang.[21]
  • 2001: Arrested two Jemaah Islamiyah suspect terrorists which in the list of the Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT), Yazid Sufaat and Suhaimi Mokhtar and detained at the Kamunting Detention Center under the Internal Security Act (ISA) 1960 related to involved with the activities of Jemaah Islamiyah (JI) and al-Qaeda other 9/11 attacks and Bali bombings.[22][23]
  • 2002: Arrested six Jemaah Islamiyah suspect terrorists, Dr Abdullah Daud, Shamsuddin Sulaiman, Mat Shah Mohd Satray, Abdul Murad Sudin, Zaini Zakaria and Zainun Rashid.[22]
  • 12 September 2002: Ahmad Bin Mohd Arshad or Mat Komando, 37, the leader of Gang 13, the then No.1 on the Malaysian Most-Wanted-Criminal list for 52 armed robberies involving about RM2.5 million, armed assault and illegal possession of firearms (among others) was known to be hiding in a Kampung Hujung Keton, the village in the state of Kedah on the west coast of the Malay Peninsula. Armed with intelligence gathered from surveillance and villagers, 10 police officers from 69 Commando anti-terror police, supported by the GOF paramilitary police, cordoned off the area and stormed a hut in the village for the take down. Sensing the presence of law enforcement officials in dawn 12, 6 September.30 am, Mat Komando opened fire and in the ensuing shoot-out, was shot in the head and left ribs and was killed. The police seized a Colt .45 pistol with three rounds of ammunitions and a S&W Model 617 .22 revolver with two rounds of ammunitions, two bullet shells from the deceased criminal. The then Malaysian Inspector General of Police, Tan Sri Norian Mai (Retired), said that Mat Komando was the fourth member of the Gang 13 members to be killed in shoot-outs against police while the remaining nine members had been arrested.[24]
  • 1970s: 69 Commandos led by ASP Zabri Bin Abd Hamid together with Indonesian Army KOSTRAD combating the PARAKU in Kalimantan jungles.
  • October 1985: Special Actions Unit (UTK) was involved in hostage rescue operations including one doctor and one medical assistant by six armed convicts led by Jimmy Chua in Pudu Jail, Kuala Lumpur. Six days later, hostages were successfully rescued, while Jimmy was captured and was sentenced to death.
UTK officers riding the Honda ST1300 escorted the VVIP vehicles out to the exit gate of Parliament Square after the 52nd Independence Day Parade on 31 August 2009.

Publicly known missions

Amin, along with his comrades were persuaded to drop their arms and surrender to the security forces. Although most of the group initially surrendered, negotiations eventually broke down and a bloody gunfight ensued. In these incidents, 2 of the 4 hostages were killed before the group finally surrendered. The security forces team suffered two casualties – police Special Branch officer Detective Corporal R. Sanghadevan and Trooper Matthew anak Medan from 22nd GGK were tortured before they were killed and was buried by 2 other hostages, Sargeant (R) Mohd Shah Ahmad and civilian Jaafar Puteh, in the jungle before they were both rescued by security forces. Abdul Halim Ali @ Ahmad, a member of the militant group, was shot dead in the gunfighting and five others were injured, including two seriously. The other 22 were taken into police custody.[14] Mohamed Amin, Zahit Muslim, Jemari Jusoh and Jamaludin Darus were later sentenced to death and the other 16 were sentenced to life imprisonment. 10 more comrades, Megat Mohamed Hanafi Ilias, Muhamad Nukhshah Bandi Che Mansor, Riduan Berahim, Azlan Abdul Ghani, Shahidi Ali and Khairul Anuar Mohamed Ariffin, were sentenced by the High Court to ten years in jail each after pleading guilty to an alternative charge under Section 122 for preparing to wage war against the Yang di-Pertuan Agong after they pleaded guilty to the lesser charge.[15][16]

In the dawn of 5 July 2000, police and military units created a distraction, while members of the PGK, accompanied by the 22nd Grup Gerak Khas led by Malaysian armed forces senior officer Lt. Gen. (R) Zaini Mohamad Said and 69th Commando PGK leader ASP Abd Razak Bin Mohd Yusof were sent to Sauk to negotiate with the Al-Ma'unah leader, Mohamed Amin Bin Mohamed Razali.

Its first counter-terrorism mission, which is one of the most well-known and which established the unit's reputation as an elite unit, was an operation known as "Operasi Subuh"/"Operasi Khas 304" (Operations Dawn/Special Operation 304). It was carried out on 3 July 2000 against Al-Ma'unah terrorists who had stolen 94 M16 rifles, 2 Steyr AUG rifles, 4 General Purpose Machineguns (GPMG), 6 Light Machineguns (LMG), 5 M203 grenade launchers, 26 bayonet daggers and thousands of ammunition rounds from 2 control posts of the Rejimen Askar Wataniah (Territorial Army Regiment) camp in Kuala Rui, Perak and captured 2 police officers, one army special forces soldier and one villager as hostages and planned to commit treason against a democratically elected government.[13]

Two operatives of UTK including one female operator armed with MP5-N submachineguns during the CQC drill.

Missions

Rank Name Year of death Circumstances
ASP G/3427 ("Task Force") Mohd Zabri Bin Abdul Hamid 1975 Fatally injured due to stepping onto booby-trap while intercepting and hunting down communist guerillas who are responsible for the murder of four Extra Police Constable at Grik, Perak
PC 67574 ("Task Force") Zainuddin Bin Hassan 1984 Killed by communist sniper while assisting Police Field Force who are trapped in an ambush by communist guerillas at Ulu Kinta jungle, Perak
Cpl Ismail Bin Ibrahim 2000 Parachuting accident during basic training course at PGK B Training Facility, Ulu Kinta, Perak
Cpl 110992 Idrus Bin Johar
Insp G/17992 Zulkifli Bin Mamat 2013 Killed during an unexpected "white flag" ambush by Sulu terrorists while hunting down a terrorist group in Lahad Datu, Sabah.
Cpl 113088 Sabaruddin Bin Daud
Cpl 148953 Mohd Razkan Bin Seran 2015 Killed in helicopter crashed into a jungle along Jalan Sungai Lalang in Kampung Pasir Baru, Semenyih, Kajang, during escorting Rompin Member of Parliament, Tan Sri Jamaluddin Jarjis from Pahang to Subang.

Killed in the line of duty

List of Pasukan Gerakan Khas Commander
Name Year Remark
Superintendent G/640 M. Shanmugam 1975–1976 First commanding officer of the PGK
Superintendent G/3158 Ramli Bin Abd Kadir 1976–1978 Replaced Supt. Shanmugam
Assistant Commissioner of Police G/2827 Syed Mohd Munfaz Wafa Bin Syed Subli Wafa 1978–1983 -
Assistant Commissioner of Police G/3740 A Navaratnam 1983–1986 First commanding officer and head of VAT 69
Deputy Superintendent of Police G/5439 Meor Chek Hussein Bin Mahayuddin 1986–1987 Assistant commanding officer of the PGK
Assistant Commissioner of Police G/3421 Mohd Yusof Bin Harun 1987–1990 -
Assistant Commissioner of Police G/3432 Haji Idris Bin Haji Wahid 1990–1993 -
Senior Assistant Commissioner I G/5439 Dato' Meor Chek Hussien Bin Mahayuddin 1993–2000 1997 Merged VAT 69 and UTK to Pasukan Gerakan Khas
Senior Assistant Commissioner II G/5096 Mohd Anuar Bin Mohd Zain 2000–2002 -
Senior Assistant Commissioner II Roslan Bin Mohd Yassin 2002–2004 PGK Commander from 2002 and transferred to Pahang state as the Officer Chief of Police Contingent in 2004
Senior Assistant Commissioner II Mohd Rani Bin Abd Rashid 2004–2006 led from Deputy Director of Internal and Public Security in Royal Malaysian Police
Senior Assistant Commissioner II Muhammad Sabtu Bin Osman 2006–2008 Transferred to Kuala Lumpur as Kuala Lumpur Police State Chief
Senior Assistant Commissioner I Dato' Muhammad Fuad Bin Abu Zarin 2008– Now Replaced SAC II Muhammad Sabtu Bin Osman

Listed below are the unit commanders past & present.

List of Unit Commanders

On 25 October 2007, the US Joint Interagency Task Force (JIATF) West funded RM2 million state-of-the-art shooting house for the VAT 69 Commando battalion was opened.[12]

Developments and Acquisitions

For its airborne operations, PGK utilises the C-130 Hercules, Cessna 206G, Cessna 208 Caravan 1 and Pilatus Porter PC-6 aircraft as well as the E-Squirrel AS-355 F2/AS-355N helicopter.

As a special operations unit, the PGK employs a number of specialised vehicles to accomplish its missions. These include the Commando V-150D and the GKN Sankey AT105 armoured personnel carriers equipped with M60s as assault vehicles in urban and jungle terrain as well as modified police MPV (Mobile Patrol Vehicles), vans, trucks, 4WD and buses for use as tactical vehicles. PGK also employs RHIB assault boats, jet-skis and Marine Subskimmer (DPV) in maritime missions and amphibious insertions.

UTK operators using a Ford Explorer Sport Trac type as a Rapid Intervention Vehicle for vehicular assault.

Tactical Vehicles

1The Bean Bag shell is typically fired from a shotgun, and is used by police and military forces, mainly in the United States to disperse the type of riot which is not able to be controlled with tear gas weapon. When fired, the bean bag (or BB) made from rubber and plastic is expelled at around 70–90 meters/second; it spreads out in flight and distributes its impact over about 6 centimetres² of the target. It is designed to deliver a blow that will cause minimum long-term trauma and no penetration but will result in a muscle spasm or other reaction to briefly render a violent suspect immobile.

Notes

Less lethal weapons is:

Various grenade launchers used by PGK units include:

The 69 Comandos used the common machine guns include:

Common sniper rifles used are:

Common carbines include:

Common submachine guns used by all PGK teams include:

Various shotguns used by PGK units include:

Semi-automatic pistols are the most popular sidearms and the majority of the officers use various 9 mm pistols. Principal handguns include:

As a special forces unit, the PGK is equipped with a wide variety of high class weapons and support equipment commonly associated with counter-terrorism operations, the most common weapons include submachine guns, assault rifles, shotguns, machineguns and sniper rifles.[9]

Weapons

PGK teams use equipment designed for a variety of specialist situations. The particular pieces of equipment vary from unit to unit, but there are some consistent trends in what they wear and use. Much of their equipment is indistinguishable from that supplied to the military, not least because much of it is military surplus

UTK operators on standby during the 56th National Day Parade of Malaysia at Merdeka Square, Kuala Lumpur. They are armed with primary HK MP5A5 submachine guns and equipped with Aimpoint M68 Close Combat Optic sight and Insight Technology underbarrel flashlight.

PGK equipment

On 10 December 2003, the then Inspector General of Police, Tan Sri Mohd Bakri Bin Haji Omar, launched the training programme between the USSOCPAC and the 69th PGK at the General Operations Force Training Center in Ulu Kinta, Perak. The team of SOCPAC were to conduct joint exercise with the PGK, under codename Advance Vector Balance Mint for a duration of 2 weeks.[10] Only 42 out of the 194 participants completed the inaugural programme.

The PGK is known to conduct joint training exercises and participate in exchange programs with Commonwealth special units such as the Australian SAS, British SAS, New Zealand SAS and Singapore Special Tactics and Rescue. The PGK routinely trains with neighbouring country tactical teams such as the Indonesian Mobile Brigade and Thailand Border Patrol Police. Occasionally the PGK trains with FBI Hostage Rescue Team, French GIGN and RAID, German GSG 9, Italian NOCS, Spanish G.E.O, US Delta Force, US Green Berets, US Army Special Operations Command Pacific Unit (SOCPAC) and other international units.

  1. Aircraft Hijackings
  2. Car stops
  3. Combat, Search and Rescue (CSAR)
  4. Coordinate multi-location warrant service
  5. Dignitary protection
  6. Explosive Ordnance Disposal (EOD)
  7. Foreign language
  8. Fugitive tracking (in rural environments)
  9. Hazmat Disposal[9]
  10. High risk arrests (armed and dangerous subjects)
  11. Hostage rescue (HR)
  12. K9 Handling[9]
  13. Operations in WMD environments
  14. Site surveys for high visibility events
  15. Specialized sniper operations
  16. Stronghold assaults (structures requiring specialised breaching equipment that local law enforcement might not have access to)
  17. Tubular assaults (aircraft, trains, buses, etc.)
A UTK operator rappels on a building.
Task Oriented
  1. Intelligence
  2. Counterintelligence
  3. Special reconnaissance
  4. Long-range Combat Patrol
Intelligence Gathering
  1. Close Quarters Combat – CQC
  2. Counter-insurgency
  3. Unconventional warfare
  4. Sabotage
  5. Close VIP protection
  6. Vehicular assault
  7. Unarmed combat
  8. Knife combat
  9. Marksmanship
  10. Booby-trap defusal
  11. Underwater demolitions )
Combat Techniques
  1. HALO/HAHO
  2. Fast roping techniques
  3. Helo casting
  4. Abseiling
  5. Combat diving
Insertion Techniques

To accomplish its varied mission profiles, the PGK ensures that its members are well trained in the required aspects of special operations. These include:-

Third Phase
Final movement test where the trainees are tested in all aspects of skills and lessons that they had learned. At the moment, special attention is given to trainees who show leadership potential.
Second Phase
In this phase, all trainees will learn skills and lessons such as tracking, communication, field medical and explosive. This also involves making booby traps, explosives and various demolition techniques.
First Phase
Trainees will spend most of their time mastering patrol techniques.

In 69 Commando, it has a three phases included:

  1. Run 3.2 km in 11 minutes or less
  2. Swim freestyle for at least 8–10 laps
  3. Do at least 9–13 chin-ups
  4. Do at least 30 sit-ups
  5. Do at least 60 push-ups
  6. Do at least 30 squat thrusts

Prospective trainees are expected to exceed the minimum requirements of the Physical Screening Test (PST), which requires that trainees must be able to:

All members of the Malaysian police forces services with two years of service can join the PGKs. The three months training period includes thirteen weeks of basic training and nine weeks of advanced training. A primary selection period is as long as two days. Depending on the department's policy, officers generally have to serve a minimum tenure within the department before being able to apply for a specialist section such as PGK. This tenure requirement is based on the fact that PGK officers are still law enforcement officers and must have a thorough knowledge of department policies and procedures. To be eligible to join the PGK Special Forces, one must be younger than 30 years old and have a good health record.

Several officers from 69 Commando of PGK standby to demonstrate the Gayung Perang war dances during the 56th National Day Parade of Malaysia at Merdeka Square, Kuala Lumpur. The officer on the right has a slung Colt M4A1 Carbine.
Several UTK operatives moving during a close quarters combat drill at the killing house. The first operative is equipped with a tactical shield.

Recruitment, selection and training

On 14 November 2006, for the first time in the history of PGK, the maroon and sand coloured berets were honoured as Royal Berets by Yang Dipertuan Agong Tuanku Syed Sirajuddin Syed Putera Jamalullail, the then King of Malaysia.

PGK snipers, technicians and explosive expertise regularly cross-train with foreign special forces including the Special Air Service Regiments of Australia, New Zealand and the United Kingdom, the Royal Thai Border Patrol Police, the French GIGN, the German Federal Police Grenzschutzgruppe 9 (GSG-9), and a number of US services including the US Navy SEALs, Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), Special Weapons and Tactics (SWAT) and others. UTK members wear maroon berets while 69 Commando members wear the sand coloured beret given to them by their founding trainers, the 22nd SAS.

There are four infantry squadrons in 69 Commando with its own logistic unit, totalling around 1,900 members. [9][1]

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