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Paul Octave Hébert

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Paul Octave Hébert

Paul Octave Hébert
14th Governor of Louisiana
In office
January 18, 1853 – January 22, 1856
Lieutenant W.W. Farmer
Robert C. Wickliffe
Preceded by Joseph M. Walker
Succeeded by Robert C. Wickliffe
Personal details
Born (1818-12-12)December 12, 1818
Plaquemine, Louisiana
Died August 29, 1880(1880-08-29) (aged 61)
Bayou Goula, Louisiana
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) (1) Marie Coralie Wills Vaughn
(2) Penelope Lynch
Religion Catholic
Military service
Allegiance United States of America
Confederate States of America
Years of service 1840 - 1845, 1847 - 1848 (USA)
1861 - 1865 (CSA)
Rank Lieutenant Colonel (USA)
Brigadier General (CSA)
Battles/wars Mexican–American War
American Civil War

Paul Octave Hébert (December 12, 1818 – August 29, 1880) was the 14th Governor of Louisiana from 1853 to 1856 and a brigadier general in the Confederate States Army.

Early life

Hébert was born on December 12, 1818 about five miles south of Richard S. Ewell, Bushrod Johnson. The following year he was a professor of engineering at West Point. In 1842, Hébert married Marie Coralie Wills Vaughn, the daughter of a sugar planter. They had five children.

State engineer

In 1845, Hébert resigned from the army after being appointed Chief Engineer of the State of Louisiana by Governor Alexander Mouton. He was reappointed by Governor Isaac Johnson in 1846, but he resigned in March, 1847 to fight in the Mexican-American War.

Mexican-American War

On March 3, 1847, Hébert accepted a commission as a lieutenant colonel of the U.S. 3rd Infantry Regiment, and then on April 9, 1847 he was transferred to the U.S. 14th Infantry Regiment. As a lieutenant colonel of the U.S. 14th Infantry Regiment he fought at Contreras, Churubusco, Molino del Rey, Chapultepec and Mexico City. At Molino del Rey he was honored by General Winfield Scott and was brevetted a Colonel for bravery. He was cited for gallantry at Chapultepec and Mexico City. Discharged on July 25, 1848, in New Orleans, Colonel Hébert entered politics.

Political career

He ran as a Democrat for the State Senate in 1849. He lost the election by nine votes. Following this he returned to his sugar plantation in Iberville. In 1851, Governor Joseph Marshall Walker appointed Hébert a delegate to the Industrial Exhibition in London.

The next year, a division among Iberville Parish Whigs gave him a seat at the 1852 Louisiana Constitutional Convention which adopted a new state constitution that was strongly pro-Whig. As a result Governor Walker resigned early and an election was called. Since John Slidell, the leader of one faction of Louisiana Democrats was focusing on his campaign for the U.S. Senate, the Democrats turned to Hébert as their nominee for governor. He campaigned against some features of the new constitution, called for internal improvements, reform of the state militia, a banking system by general laws and redemption in specie or all paper money. Running against Judge Bordelon, a Whig from St. Landry Parish, Hébert garnered 17,334 votes to Bordelon's 15,781.

Term as governor

Hébert took the oath as Governor and guided the legislature towards improvements in water commerce and railroad construction. He also established the Louisiana Seminary of Learning at yellow fever of 1853.

Nationalism and the rise of the Know Nothing Party or American Party was a feature of Louisiana politics in the 1850s. Whig newspapers tried to discredit Hébert by starting rumors of his allegiance with the Know Nothings. He still appointed some Whigs to minor offices and some Know Nothings to lucrative posts. He was considered very independent in his appointments and many Democrats were disenchanted with him toward the end of his administration. Hébert was mentioned as a possible candidate for the U. S. Senate, but John Slidell was not vulnerable to an intraparty challenge.

Paul Octave Hébert as General in the Confederate Army

During his administration Hébert saw four major railroads incorporated in Louisiana including the New Orleans, Jackson and Great Northern Railroad. Hébert sought to connect every part of Louisiana to New Orleans by rail. He also built levees and sought land reclamation projects. In 1855, Hébert promoted and the legislature passed a tax of on all property to support the public school system which is open only to whites between the ages of six and sixteen. With his term at an end, Governor Hébert retired to his plantation as a planter.

Civil War

With rising tension between North and South, President 1st Louisiana Artillery. After secession on April 1, 1861 Hébert was appointed a Brigadier General in the Louisiana Militia. In August, he was Commissioned a Brigadier General in the provisional Army of the Confederacy but was not given an active position. Later he would have a command of Louisiana troops and in the Trans-Mississippi Department. Also on May 21, 1861, his first wife Marie Coralie Hébert died. He later married Penelope Lynch, daughter of John Andrews of Iberville Parish.

In 1862, General Hébert was posted to the Department of Texas and later in the defense of Vicksburg. He saw battle in June, 1863, at the Battle of Milliken's Bend in Louisiana. After

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