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Peace of Baden

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Peace of Baden

Treaty of Baden
Johann Rudolf Huber, oil on canvas, 1714
Context End of the War of the Spanish Succession
Signed 7 September 1714 (1714-09-07)
Location Template:Country data Old Swiss Confederacy Baden, Cty Baden, Swiss Confed.
Negotiators
Parties
  •  Kingdom of France
  •  Holy Roman Empire
  • Language French

    The Treaty of Baden was the treaty that ended formal hostilities between France and the Holy Roman Empire, who had been at war since the start of the War of the Spanish Succession. It was signed on 7 September 1714 in Baden, Switzerland, and complemented the treaties of Utrecht and of Rastatt, by which Emperor Charles VI accepted the Utrecht Treaty on behalf of the Habsburg Monarchy. In the Baden Treaty, the terms of peace between France and the Holy Roman Empire — formally incomplete — were agreed, and thereby the last of the many conflicts within the War of the Spanish Succession was ended.[2]

    The treaty was the first international agreement signed on Swiss territory.[3] In the margins of the conference, the signatories also secretly agreed to a Catholic union to intervene in favour of the Catholic cantons defeated at nearby Villmergen two years previously, as a result of which the Peace of Aarau had ended Catholic hegemony within the Confederacy.[3]

    Terms

    • The treaty allowed France to retain Alsace and Landau, but returned the east bank of the Rhine river (the Breisgau) to Austria.[4]
    • The prince electors of Bavaria and Cologne were reinstated in their territories and their positions.
    • Emperor Charles VI kept the title of King of Spain and the Spanish heritage, which was in fact of no value since in Spain, the power remained with King Philip V of Spain alone.

    References

    External links

    • Rolf Stücheli: Treaty of Baden in Historical Dictionary of Switzerland, 20 December 2001.
    • Template:1911
    • Template:1911
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