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Philippe of Belgium

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Philippe of Belgium

Philippe / Filip
King of the Belgians
Reign 21 July 2013 – present
Predecessor Albert II
Heir apparent Elisabeth
Prime Ministers
Born (1960-04-15) 15 April 1960
Brussels, Belgium
Spouse Mathilde d'Udekem d'Acoz (m. 1999)
Issue
Detail
Princess Elisabeth, Duchess of Brabant
Prince Gabriel
Prince Emmanuel
Princess Eléonore
Full name
Dutch: Filip Leopold Lodewijk Maria
French: Philippe Léopold Louis Marie
German: Philipp Leopold Ludwig Maria
House House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
Father Albert II of Belgium
Mother Paola Ruffo di Calabria
Religion Roman Catholicism

Philippe or Filip[1] (French: Philippe Léopold Louis Marie, Dutch: Filip(s) Leopold Lodewijk Maria, German: Philipp Leopold Ludwig Maria, English: Philip Leopold Louis Maria; born 15 April 1960) is the King of the Belgians, having ascended the throne on 21 July 2013. He is the eldest child of King Albert II, whom he succeeded upon Albert's abdication for health reasons, and Queen Paola. He married Countess Mathilde d'Udekem d'Acoz (now Queen Mathilde), with whom he has four children. King Philippe's elder daughter, Princess Elisabeth, is next in the line of succession. At age 55, Philippe is Europe's third-youngest reigning monarch, following the 48-year-old Willem-Alexander of the Netherlands and the 47-year-old Felipe VI of Spain.

Contents

  • Early life 1
  • Education 2
  • Marriage 3
  • Foreign trade 4
  • Accession 5
  • Military ranks 6
  • Titles, styles, and honours 7
    • Honours 7.1
    • Belgian honours 7.2
    • Foreign honours 7.3
  • Ancestors 8
  • See also 9
  • References 10
  • External links 11

Early life

His godparents were his paternal grandfather, King Leopold III, and his maternal grandmother Donna Luisa, Princess Ruffo di Calabria.

Education

From 1978 to 1981, Philippe was educated at the Belgian Royal Military Academy in the 118th "Promotion Toutes Armes". On 26 September 1980, he was appointed second lieutenant and took the officer's oath.[2]

He continued his education at Trinity College, Oxford and he attended graduate school at Stanford University, California, where he graduated in 1985 with an MA degree in political science.[2]

He obtained his fighter pilot's wings and his certificates as a parachutist and a commando. In 1989, he attended a series of special sessions at the Royal Higher Defence Institute. The same year, he was promoted to Colonel. On 25 March 2001, the Prince was appointed to the rank of Major-General in the Land Component and the Air Component and to the rank of Rear-Admiral in the Naval Component.[2]

Marriage

Philippe married Mathilde d'Udekem d'Acoz, daughter of a Walloon Count of Belgian noble family and female line descendant of Polish noble families such as the Princes Sapieha and Counts Komorowski, on 4 December 1999 in Brussels, in a civil ceremony at the Brussels Town Hall and a religious ceremony at the Cathedral of Saint Michel in Brussels. They have four children:

Foreign trade

On 6 August 1993, the government named Prince Philippe as Honorary Chairman of the Belgian Foreign Trade Board (BFTB). He succeeded his father, who had been Honorary Chairman of the BFTB since 1962. On 3 May 2003, Prince Philippe was appointed Honorary chairman of the board of the Foreign Trade Agency, replacing the BFTB.[3]

In this capacity, Prince Philippe has headed more than 60 economic missions.[4][5] Upon his accession as seventh King of the Belgians, this role was taken over by his sister Princess Astrid.

Accession

King Philippe and Queen Mathilde wave to the crowds in Brussels after Philippe's swearing in as new Belgian monarch.

King Albert II announced on 3 July 2013 that he would abdicate in favour of Philippe on 21 July 2013.[6] Approximately one hour after King Albert II's abdication, Prince Philippe was sworn in as King of the Belgians.[7]

Military ranks

Royal Military Acad.[13] Pilot Wings[13] Parachutist badge[12] Commando badge[13][14]
123rd TAW (1978–1981) 9 July 1982 28 October 1982 17 December 1982
1980 1983 1989 2001 2010 2013

Titles, styles, and honours

Royal styles of
Philippe of Belgium
Reference style His Majesty
Spoken style Your Majesty
Alternative style Sire
  • 15 April 1960 – 9 August 1993: His Royal Highness Prince Philippe of Belgium
  • 9 August 1993 – 21 July 2013: His Royal Highness The Duke of Brabant
  • 21 July 2013 – present: His Majesty The King of the Belgians

Honours

Personal Standard of Philippe, King of the Belgians.

See also: List of state visits & List of honours of the Belgian Royal Family by country

King Philippe has received numerous honours throughout his life:[15]

Belgian honours

On his 30th birthday, he was awarded, by his uncle, King Baudouin of the Belgians, the highest Belgian honour:

From his accession to the throne, he is the following:

Foreign honours

Orders of sovereign states
1993  Netherlands Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Orange-Nassau [16][17]
1994  Argentina Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Liberator General San Martín [18]
 Japan Knight Grand Cordon of the Order of the Chrysanthemum [19]
1995  Holy See Knight Grand Cross of the Equestrian Order of the Holy Sepulchre of Jerusalem [20]
1996  Bolivia Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Condor of the Andes [18]
1997  Portugal Knight Grand Cordon of the Military Order of Aviz [21]
2005 Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Christ
1998  Germany Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic [22]
1999  Luxembourg Knight of the Order of the Gold Lion of the House of Nassau [23]
2000  Spain Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Isabella the Catholic [24][25][26]
2001  Sweden Knight of the Royal Order of the Seraphim [27]
2002  Denmark Knight of the Order of the Elephant [28]
2003  Norway Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St. Olav [29][30]
2004  Finland Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the White Rose of Finland [31]
 Poland Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of the Republic of Poland [32]
2005  Greece Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Honour [18]
2008  Hungary Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Merit of the Republic of Hungary, Civilian Class [33][34]
2015  Poland Knight Grand Cross Order of the White Eagle
2015  Turkey First Class of the Order of the State of Republic of Turkey [35]
Sovereign orders
1998  Sovereign Order of Malta Knight Grand Cross of Honour and Devotion [18]
Former sovereign families
2010 House of Habsburg Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece (House of Habsburg) [18]
International organisations
2010 International Military Sports Council Knight Grand Cordon of the IMSC Order of Merit [36]

Ancestors

See also

References

  1. ^ In languages of Belgium, the pronunciations are in French () and Dutch ().
  2. ^ a b c Official biography
  3. ^ Official portrait
  4. ^ Agence pour le Commerce extérieur, Missions antérieures
  5. ^ "Official Royal Website Archives". Monarchie.be. Retrieved 22 July 2013. 
  6. ^ Price, Matthew (3 July 2013). "Belgium's King Albert II announces abdication". BBC News. Retrieved 3 July 2013. 
  7. ^ "Belgium's King Albert II gives up throne to son". CNN. 21 July 2013. Retrieved 21 July 2013. 
  8. ^ Official 3Para page (French) evoking Prince Philippe
  9. ^ a b Prince Philippe promoted, portrait
  10. ^ Photo of Philippe as a Captain (3 stars) in the 3Para Battalion
  11. ^ Prince Philippe gets married in his uniform of Colonel of the Belgian Air Force
  12. ^ a b Photo of Prince Philippe as a General-major showing his parachutist badge
  13. ^ a b c 21 July 2012, photo showing the commando badge, the blue wing of the parachutist badge under the ribbon of the Order of Leopold, the pilot wing, the omega sign of Royal Academy "Promotion toutes armes"
  14. ^ Photo showing the commando badge
  15. ^ "Belgische Senaat – Biographish Handboek / Sénat de Belgique – Manuel Biographique" (PDF). Retrieved 22 July 2013. 
  16. ^ PPE Agency, King Willem-Alexander's inthronization 2013, Photo
  17. ^ Belga Pictures, State visit in Belgium of HM Queen Beatrix of Netherlands (20–22 June 2006), Philippe in this group photo
  18. ^ a b c d e Senate, biography of senators including Prince Philippe, senator by right
  19. ^ Belga Pictures, State visit in Japan, 1996, Sovereign couples & Prince Philippe
  20. ^ Order of the Holy Sepulchre, Belgian Lieutenancy's Official website, article evoking the decoration
  21. ^ Belga Pictures, State visit in Belgium of HE Mr Jorge SAMPAIO, President of the Portuguese Republic & Mrs SAMPAIO (18–20 October 2005, Photo of Prnce Philippe
  22. ^ Belga Pictures, State visit of President Herzog in Belgium (1998), Group Photo
  23. ^ Belga Pictures, State visit in Belgium of TT.RR.AA Grand-Duke Henri & Grand-Duchess Maria-Teresa of Luxembourg. (20–22 March 2007), Philippe & Mathilde
  24. ^ BOE: nom. 115, pg. 17721. [2] Real Decreto 775/2000. 13 May 2000.
  25. ^ Belga Pictures, State visit in Belgium of TT.MM. King Juan Carlos & Queen Sofia of Spain (16–18 May 2000), Group photo
  26. ^ Prince Felipe's wedding – Belga Pictures, Philippe wearing the order
  27. ^ Belga Pictures, Princess Victoria of Sweden's wedding, 2010, Philippe & Mathilde
  28. ^ Zimbio, Frederik, Crown Prince of Denmark & Mary Donaldson's wedding, 14 May 2004, Photo of Philippe and Mathilde
  29. ^ Belga Pictures, State visit in Belgium of TTMM. King Harald V and Queen Sonja of Norway (20–22 May 2003), Philippe is behind in this group photo
  30. ^ King Harald's 70th birthday party, 2007, Group photo of Heirs & their consort
  31. ^ Belga Pictures, State visit of H.E. President Mrs Tarja Halonen of Finland & Dr Pentti Arajärvi (30/03-01/04/2004), Gala dinner, Philippe & Mathilde
  32. ^ Official Belgian royal website, State visit in Belgium of H.E. Mr Aleksander Kwasniewski, President of the Republic of Poland & Mrs Jolanta Kwasniewska, Gala dinner, group photo
  33. ^ Official Royal Website, State visit in Belgium of H.E. Mr Laszlo SÓLYOM, President of the Republic of Hungary. (15–17 April 2008, Group photo
  34. ^ Belga Pictures, Philippe
  35. ^ "King Philippe of Belgium presents Order of Leopold to President Erdogan". Presidency of the Republic of Turkey. 5 October 2015. Retrieved 24 October 2015. 
  36. ^ "Prince Philippe receives an international sportive prize". Mil.be. Retrieved 22 July 2013. 

External links

  • Official biography from the Belgian Royal Family website
  • DHnet Article (French) about Prince Philippe's education and military career.
Philippe of Belgium
Born: 15 April 1960
Belgian royalty
Vacant
Title last held by
Baudouin
Duke of Brabant
1993–2013
Succeeded by
Elisabeth
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Albert II
King of the Belgians
2013–present
Incumbent
Heir apparent:
Elisabeth
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