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Philoxenios

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Philoxenios

For other personalities with the same name, see Philoxenus.
Philoxenus
Indo-Greek king
Kharoshti legend MAHARAJASA APADIHATASA PHILASINASA "Undefeatable King Philoxenus".
Reign 100–95 BCE


Philoxenus (lit. "Friend of foreigners"), called Anicetus (Greek Aniketos, "the Undefeatable"), was an Indo-Greek king who ruled in the region spanning the Paropamisade to Punjab. Philoxenus seems to have been quite an important king who might briefly have ruled most of the Indo-Greek territory. Bopearachchi dates Philoxenus to c. 100–95 BCE and R. C. Senior to c. 125–110 BCE.

Historians have not yet connected Philoxenus with any dynasty, but he could have been the father of the princess Kalliope, who was married to the king Hermaeus.

Coins of Philoxenos

Philoxenus struck several series of bilingual Indian silver coins, with a reverse of a mounted king, a type previously used as obverse by Antimachus II sixty years earlier and as reverse on rare types of Nicias. Whether the horseman was a dynastic emblem or a portrait of the king as a cavalleryman is unclear. Several Saka kings used similar horsemen on their coinage.

His drachms were square, another feature that was rare among Indo-Greeks but standard for Sakas, and this indicates that Philoxenus had connections with the nomads that had conquered Bactria.

Philoxenus struck bronzes with female deity/bull, or Helios/Nike.

Philoxenus also minted some Attic-type tetradrachms (with Greek legend only), meant for circulation in Bactria.

Overstrikes

One overstrike is known, of Epander over Philoxenus.

Other coins


Preceded by:
(In the Paropamisade, Arachosia and Gandhara)
Antialcidas

(In Punjab)
Demetrios III or Polyxenios
Indo-Greek Ruler
(Paropamisade, Arachosia, Gandhara and Punjab)
(100–95 BCE)
Succeeded by:
(In the Paropamisade)
Diomedes

(In Arachosia and Gandhara)
Amyntas

(In Punjab)
Epander
INDO-GREEK KINGS AND THEIR TERRITORIES
Based on Bopearachchi (1991)
Territories/
Dates
PAROPAMISADE
ARACHOSIA GANDHARA WESTERN PUNJAB EASTERN PUNJAB
200–190 BCE
190–180 BCE 50px
185–170 BCE
180–160 BCE
175–170 BCE
170–145 BCE
160–155 BCE
155–130 BCE
130–120 BCE 50px
120–110 BCE 50px 50px
110–100 BCE
100 BCE 50px
100–95 BCE Philoxenus
95–90 BCE Diomedes
90 BCE 50px Thraso
90–85 BCE
90–70 BCE 50px
Yuezhi tribes Maues (Indo-Scythian)
75–70 BCE
65–55 BCE Dionysios
55–35 BCE Azes I (Indo-Scythian)
55–35 BCE 50px
25 BCE – 10 CE
Rajuvula (Indo-Scythian)

External links

  • Coins of Philoxenus

See also

References

  • "The Greeks in Bactria and India", W. W. Tarn, Cambridge University Press.
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