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Phytophthora cambivora

 

Phytophthora cambivora

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Scientific classification
Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Chromalveolata
Phylum: Heterokontophyta
Class: Oomycetes
Order: Peronosporales
Family: Pythiaceae
Genus: Phytophthora
Species: P. cambivora
Binomial name
Phytophthora cambivora
(Petri) Buisman, (1927)
Synonyms

Blepharospora cambivora Petri, (1917)

Phytophthora cambivora is a plant pathogen that causes Ink disease in European Chestnut trees (Castanea sativa). Ink disease, also caused by Phytophthora cinnamomi, is thought to have been present in Europe since the 18th century and causes chestnut trees to wilt and die, major epidemics occurred during the 19th and 20th centuries. P. cinnamomi and P. cambivora are now present throughout Europe and since the 1990s Ink disease has resurged, often causing high mortality of trees, particularly in Portugal, Italy and France.[1] It has also been isolated from a number of different species since the 1990s including:

Some species of mycorhiza (including Amanita muscaria, Boletus luridus and Hebeloma radicosum) may provide protection from P. cambivora in European Chestnuts.[7]

References

External links

  • Index Fungorum
  • USDA ARS Fungal Database


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