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Pisciotta

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Pisciotta

Pisciotta
Comune
Comune di Piscihotta
Pisciotta within the Province of Salerno
Pisciotta within the Province of Salerno
Pisciotta is located in Italy
Pisciotta
Pisciotta
Location of Pisciotta in Italy
Coordinates:
Country Italy
Region Campania
Province Salerno (SA)
Frazioni Caprioli, Marina di Pisciotta, Rodio
Area
 • Total 30 km2 (10 sq mi)
Population (31 December 2011)[1]
 • Total 2,748
 • Density 92/km2 (240/sq mi)
Demonym Pisciottani
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 84066
Dialing code 0974
Patron saint St. Vitus
Saint day June 15
Website Official website

Pisciotta is an Italian town and comune of the province of Salerno, in the region of Campania. As of 2011 its population was of 2,748.[1]

History

According to legend, Trojans escaping from the fire and the destruction of their city, Troy, founded Sires. Some of the inhabitants of the city later advanced westards, following the vast valley of the Sinni river, up to the lake and to the Sirino mountain (from which they took the name), near present-day Lagonegro, where they founded the city of Siruci (now called Seluce). From here, they went to the Tyrrhenian Sea, on the beach of the Gulf of Policastro. Here they founded the colony of Pixous. This event is shown in a rare series of ancient coins, in archaic characters, with the names of Sirinos and Pixoes inscripted, referring respectively, to the populations of the two cities of Sires and Pixous, respectively. The name "Pixous" comes from the root "PYX", which derives from the Greek word for boxwood (present in the coat of arms of Pisciotta town hall).

In the year 194 BC, the Greek word pixous became corrupted to the Latin Buxentum.

In AD 915, when the town was plundered and burnt by the Saracens of Agropoli, the town's name had already changed to Policastro. Many of the fleeing Bussetani went beyond the promontory of Palinuro, where they founded a small village that they called Pixoctum, in memory of their lost town. Over the years the name had changed many times - Pixocta, then Pissocta, then Pichotta and finally Pisciotta.

The name of Pisciotta is found in the Catalogus Baronum (1144). The year 1464 marked for the country a very important development, when the survivors of Molpa, following the destruction of their village, were sheltered in Pisciotta. Until the abolition of feudality in 1806, Pisciotta was owned by the Caracciolos (1270), the Sanseverinos (15th century), the Pappacodas (from 1590).

Beginning in 1996 (or so) Pisciotta became host for a summer study-abroad program conducted through SUNY Purchase College.

Geography

Located on a hill above the coastline of Cilento and its port and marina, Pisciotta lies on the national highway 447 between Ascea and Palinuro. The municipality borders with Ascea, Centola and San Mauro La Bruca; and counts the hamlets (frazioni) of Caprioli, Marina di Pisciotta and Rodio.

Demographics

See also

References

  1. ^ a b (Italian) Source: Istat 2011

External links

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