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Princely Family of Liechtenstein

House of Liechtenstein
Country Liechtenstein
Titles Prince of Liechtenstein
Duke of Troppau
Duke of Jägerndorf
Count of Rietberg
Founded 1608
Founder Karl I
Current head Hans-Adam II

The Liechtenstein dynasty, from which the principality takes its name, is the family which reigns by constitutional, hereditary right over the nation of Liechtenstein. Only dynastic members of the House of Liechtenstein are eligible to inherit the throne, and the dynasty's membership, rights and responsibilities are defined by a law of the family, which is enforced by the reigning Prince and may be altered by vote among the family's dynasts, but which may not be altered by the Government or Parliament of Liechtenstein.[1]

Contents

  • History 1
  • 21st-century princely family (closest members) 2
  • Tree list 3
  • Palaces and residences 4
  • See also 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

History

The family comes from Castle Liechtenstein in Lower Austria, which the family possessed from at least 1140 to the 13th century, and from 1807 onwards. Through the centuries, the dynasty acquired vast swathes of land, predominantly in Moravia, Lower Austria, Silesia and Styria, though in all cases, these territories were held in fief under other more senior feudal lords, particularly under various lines of the Habsburg family, to whom several Liechtenstein princes served as close advisors. Thus, and without any territory held directly under the Imperial throne, the Liechtenstein dynasty was unable to meet a primary requirement to qualify for a seat in the Imperial Diet (Reichstag).

A seat in the Imperial government would add power, and would be afforded by lands which would be immediate, or held without any feudal personage other than the Holy Roman Emperor himself having rights on the land. The head of the family was able to arrange the purchase from the Hohenems family of the minuscule Lordship of Schellenberg in 1699, and the County of Vaduz in 1712. Schellenberg and Vaduz indeed had no feudal lord other than their comital sovereign and the suzerain Emperor.

On 23 January 1719, after the purchase had been made, Charles VI as Holy Roman Emperor decreed Vaduz and Schellenberg to be united and raised to the dignity of a Principality by the name of "Liechtenstein", in honour of "[his] true servant, Anton Florian of Liechtenstein". On this date Liechtenstein became a member state of the Holy Roman Empire. The Princes of Liechtenstein did not set foot in their new principality for several decades, a testament to the pure political expediency of the purchases.

According to the Constitution of the Princely House of Liechtenstein of 26 October 1993, all members other than the reigning prince shall bear the titles Prince or Princess of Liechtenstein and Count or Countess of Rietberg.

In 2008, the US Senate's subcommittee on tax haven banks charged that the LGT bank which the family owns, and on whose board they serve "is a willing partner, and an aider and abettor to clients trying to evade taxes, dodge creditors or defy court orders."[2]

21st-century princely family (closest members)

Hans-Adam II, Prince of Liechtenstein (born 1945), current head of the house and sovereign ruler of the principality


Tree list

Below are all male and male-line dynastic descendants of Johann I Joseph, Prince of Liechtenstein. The numbers represent the positions in the line of succession.

  • Prince Johann I Josef (1760–1836)
  • Prince Franz de Paula (1802–1887)
    • Prince Alfred (1842–1907)
      • Prince Franz de Paula (1868–1929)
      • Prince Alois (1869–1955)
        • Prince Franz Josef II (1906–1989)
        • (7) Prince Constantin (b. 1972)
          • (8) Prince Moritz (b. 2003)
        • (9) Prince Benedikt (b. 2008)
                    • (10) Prince Philipp (b. 1946)
        • (13) Prince Rudolf (b. 1975)
        • (15) Prince Josef-Emanuel (b. 1989)
        • Prince Franz Josef (Wenzel) (1962–1991)
                  • Prince Karl (1910–1985)
                    • Prince Dominik (1950–2009)
                    • (16) Prince Andreas (b. 1952)
        • (17) Prince Gregor (b. 1954)
                  • Prince Georg (1911–1998)
        • (18) Prince Christoph (b. 1958)
                  • Prince Ulrich (1913–1978)
                  • Prince Aloys (1917–1967)
        • Prince Heinrich (1920–1993)
        • (19) Prince Hubertus (b. 1971)
                • Prince Johannes (1873–1959)
                  • Prince Alfred (1907–1991)
                    • (20) Prince Franz (b. 1935)
                      • (21) Prince Alfred (b. 1972)
        • (22) Prince Franz (b. 2009)
        • (23) Prince Lukas (b. 1974)
                    • Prince Friedrich (1937–2010)
                      • (24) Prince Emanuel (b. 1978)
                        • (25) Prince Leopold (b. 2010)
        • (26) Prince Heinrich (b. 2012)
        • (27) Prince Ulrich (b. 1983)
        • (28) Prince Anton (b. 1940)
        • (29) Prince Georg (b. 1977)
                  • Prince Emanuel (1908–1987)
                  • Prince Johannes (1910–1975)
                    • (30) Prince Eugen (b. 1939)
        • (31) Prince Johannes (b. 1969)
        • Prince Albrecht (b. 1940) (took the title of Baron von Landskron)
        • Prince Constantin (1911–2001)
                • Prince Alfred (1875–1930)
                  • Prince Hans-Moritz (1914–2004)
                    • (32) Prince Gundakar (b. 1949)
                      • (33) Prince Johann (b. 1993)
        • (34) Prince Gabriel (b. 1998)
                    • (35) Prince Alfred (b. 1951)
                    • (36) Prince Karl (b. 1955)
        • (37) Prince Hugo (b. 1964)
        • Prince Heinrich (1916–1991)
                    • Prince Vincenz (1950–2008)
                    • (38) Prince Michael (b. 1951)
                    • (39) Prince Christof (b. 1956)
        • (40) Prince Karl (b. 1957)
                • Prince Heinrich (1877–1915)
                • Prince Karl Aloys (1878–1955)
                  • Prince Wilhelm (1922–2006) (took the title of Graf von Hohenau)
        • (41) Prince Wolfgang (b. 1934)
        • (42) Prince Leopold (b. 1978)
        • (43) Prince Lorenz (b. 2012)
        • Prince Georg (1880–1931)
        • Prince Heinrich (1853–1914)
        • Prince Philipp (1837–1901)
                • Prince Karl (1862–1893)
        • Prince Joseph (1863)
        • Prince Aloys (1840–1885)
                • Prince Friedrich (1871–1959)
                  • Prince Aloys (1898–1943)
        • (44) Prince Luitpold (b. 1940)
                      • Prince Friedrich (1970)
        • (45) Prince Carl (b. 1978)
                  • Prince Alfred (1900–1972)
                    • Prince Alexander (1929–2012)
                      • (46) Prince Christian (b. 1961)
                        • (47) Prince Augustinus (b. 1992)
        • (48) Prince Johannes (b. 1995)
        • (51) Prince Konrad (b. 1992)
        • (52) Prince Emanuel (b. 1964)
        • (53) Prince Josef (b. 1998)
        • Prince Franz de Paula (1935–1987)
        • Prince Alexander (1901–1926)
        • Prince Eduard (1872–1951)
                  • Prince Johannes (1899–1979)
        • Prince Ferdinand (1901–1981)
            • Prince August (1810–1824)
        • Prince Rudolf (1816–1848)

Palaces and residences

See also

References

  1. ^ Princely House of Liechtenstein. House Laws
  2. ^ ABC

External links

  • The Princely House of Liechtenstein
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