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Programme for Reusable In-orbit Demonstrator in Europe

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Title: Programme for Reusable In-orbit Demonstrator in Europe  
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Subject: European Space Agency, Spaceplane, Spaceplanes, Long-term abuse/Orangemoody/Accounts, Pride (disambiguation)
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Programme for Reusable In-orbit Demonstrator in Europe

Programme for Reusable In-orbit Demonstrator in Europe
Artist's view of the PRIDE spaceplane servicing a satellite
Operator ESA
Mission type Reusable spaceship
Carrier rocket Vega
Launch site Kourou ELV
Landing site Runway or soft ground
Orbital elements
Regime Geocentric orbit
References: [1]

The Programme for Reusable In-orbit Demonstrator in Europe (PRIDE) is a European Space Agency (ESA) programme that aims to develop a reusable robotic spacecraft. PRIDE was approved at the ESA Ministerial Council in Naples, Italy on November 21, 2012. PRIDE spaceplane will be similar to, but smaller and cheaper than, the Boeing X-37. It will be launched by the Vega light rocket, operate robotically in orbit, and land automatically on a runway.[2]


Contents

  • History 1
  • Design 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

History

PRIDE was initially funded by the ESA on November 21, 2012 at the ESA Ministerial Council in Naples, Italy.[3] The project was created with the objective of creating an small unmanned spaceplane that was also affordable and reusable. During the initial design stage the vehicle was referred to as PRIDE-ISV. The suffix ISV stands for Innovative Space Vehicle.[4] It is projected that from September 2015, the PRIDE development team will begin industrial activities. In December 2015 a ministerial-level meeting will make a decision regarding the funding for the project as around €200 million is required to finalize the project, excluding launch costs. If funding is successful, the first launch is expected around 2020.[5]

The European Space Agency has developed two test vehicles: the Atmospheric Reentry Demonstrator (launched in 1998), and the Intermediate eXperimental Vehicle (IXV, launched on Feb 11th 2015 [6] and with a second launch planned for 2019 or 2020).[1][4][7]

Design

With affordability in mind, the PRIDE spaceplane will be based on technologies developed and tested on the IXV. Final specifications of the spaceplane have not yet been determined; both winged and lifting body variants are under consideration.

The PRIDE spaceplane will be capable of operating up to 300 kilograms (660 lb) of payload, and it will be equipped with solar panels, allowing for extended in-orbit operations. Vega will be used as a launch vehicle.[1][8]

The PRIDE spaceplane will be used as an orbital test platform for re-usable launcher stages, Earth observation, robotic exploration, servicing of orbital infrastructures, and microgravity experiments.[8]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c Howell, Elizabeth (23 February 2015). "Europe's Newly-Tested Space Plane Aims for Next Launch in 2019". Space.com. Retrieved 16 June 2015. 
  2. ^ "Frequently Asked Questions on IXV". ESA. 9 February 2015. Retrieved 4 July 2015. 
  3. ^ "N° 37–2012: European Ministers decided to invest in space to boost Europe’s competitiveness and growth" (Press release). ESA. 21 November 2012. Retrieved 16 June 2015. 
  4. ^ a b Rob Coppinger (25 October 2012). "IXV’s Pride: Europe’s spaceplane homecoming prelude to future goals".  
  5. ^ "Replay of IXV conference". ESA. 16 June 2015. Retrieved 17 July 2015. 
  6. ^ http://www.space.com/28520-europe-launches-mini-shuttle-ixv.html
  7. ^ "Europe's mini-space shuttle returns". BBC News. 11 February 2015. Retrieved 16 June 2015. 
  8. ^ a b "ESA spaceplane on display" (Press release).  

External links

  • PRIDE mission image
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