World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Province of Teruel

Article Id: WHEBN0000143509
Reproduction Date:

Title: Province of Teruel  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Comarcas of Aragon, Fiestas of National Tourist Interest of Spain, Alcañiz, Province of Tarragona, Fuenferrada
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Province of Teruel

Teruel Province
Province
The Sierra Carrascosa with the Guerrero Romano rock formation near Bordón
The Sierra Carrascosa with the Guerrero Romano rock formation near Bordón
Flag of Teruel Province
Flag
Coat of arms of Teruel Province
Coat of arms
Map of Spain with Teruel Province highlighted
Map of Spain with Teruel Province highlighted
Coordinates:
Autonomous community Aragon
Capital Teruel
Area
 • Total 14,809 km2 (5,718 sq mi)
Area rank Ranked 10
  2.93% of Spain
Population (2010)
 • Total 138,686
 • Rank Ranked 49
 • Density 9.4/km2 (24/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Turolense
Official language(s) Spanish

Teruel is a province of Aragon, in the northeast of Spain. The capital is Teruel.

It is bordered by the provinces of Tarragona, Castellón, Valencia (including its exclave Rincón de Ademuz), Cuenca, Guadalajara, and Zaragoza. The area of the province is 14,809 km². Its population is 138,686 (2003), of whom about a quarter live in the capital, and its population density is 9.36/km². It contains 236 municipalities, of which more than half are villages of under 200 people.

The main language throughout the province is Spanish (with official status), although Catalan is spoken in the comarca of Matarranya.

Contents

  • Geography 1
  • Depopulation and neglect 2
  • Comarcas 3
  • Famous people 4
  • See also 5
  • Notes and references 6
  • External links 7

Geography

This province is located in the mountainous Sistema Ibérico area. The main ranges in the province of Teruel are Sierra de la Virgen, Sierra de Santa Cruz, Sierra de Cucalón, Sierra de San Just, Sierra Carrascosa, Sierra Menera, Sierra Palomera, Sierra de Javalambre, Sierra de Gúdar, Sierra de Albarracín and the Montes Universales, among others.

Depopulation and neglect

Most of the Teruel Province has undergone massive depopulation since the middle of the 20th century. This situation is shared with other areas in Spain, particularly with those near the Iberian mountain range (much of the provinces of Soria, Guadalajara and Cuenca) and with other areas in Aragón.

The exodus from the rural mountain areas in Teruel rose after General Franco's Plan de Estabilización in 1959. The population declined steeply as people migrated towards the industrial areas and the large cities in Spain, leaving behind their small villages where living conditions were often harsh, with cold winters and very basic facilities.

As a consequence there are many ghost towns in different parts of the province.[1]

A great number of surviving towns in Teruel province have only a residual population, reviving somewhat during the summer when a few city-dwellers spend their holidays there. Other causes of the strong emigration have been the low productivity of traditional agricultural practices, like sheep and goat farming, the closing of mines, like the large Sierra Menera mine near Ojos Negros,[2] as well as the lifestyle changes that swept over rural Spain during the second half of the 20th century.[3]

The "Teruel Exists" (Spanish: Teruel existe) movement began at the turn of the 21st century. It is a platform of provincial authorities, institutions and sympathizers seeking to reverse the long-standing neglect of this province.[4]

Comarcas

The following Comarcas of Aragon are located in Teruel Province:

Famous people

See also

Notes and references

  1. ^ Pueblos deshabitados - Collado de la Grulla (Teruel)
  2. ^ La Compañía Minera de Sierra Menera. Breve historia
  3. ^ Despoblación en Aragon
  4. ^ Teruel existe

External links

  • Teruel.org
  • Teruel Info. - Caciquismo & desarrollismo – N.B. This text-only website is in Japanese. Content not clear.
  • Teruel Digital
  • Directory in dmoz.org
  • Fundación Amantes de Teruel
  • Estado de los embalses de Teruel
  • Teruel.com - Tourism
  • Deteruel.com — Comunidad virtual de Teruel
  • El número de ancianos españoles aumenta un 20% en 13 años
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 


Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.