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RAAD (anti-tank missile)

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Title: RAAD (anti-tank missile)  
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Subject: KH-2002, Falaq-1, Bina (missile), Panha Shabaviz 206-1, Qadr (munition)
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RAAD (anti-tank missile)

Type Anti-tank missile
Place of origin }|23x15px|border |alt=|link=]] }}]] Iran
Service history
In service 1997 - Present
Used by  Iran
Wars 2006 Lebanon War
Production history
Designer KBM[1]
Manufacturer Parchin Missile Industries, [2]
Produced 1995
Number built 1,500 missiles[3]
2,250 by 2004[4]
Variants See Variants
Weight 11.78 kg (Missile)
23 kg (Guidance System)
Length 982 mm

Effective firing range 400 - 3000 m[5]

Speed 120 m/s

The RAAD (Persian: رعد, meaning "thunder"‎‎) family of missiles is manufactured in Iran and based on the Soviet 9K11 Malyutka anti-tank guided missile with a range of a few kilometres. It is not to be confused with Iran's Ra'ad anti ship missile and Pakistan's Ra'ad cruise missile.[6]

From 1996 to 2004, a total of 2,250 RAAD missiles were produced in Iran.[4]


It was said that plans to start production of the RAAD started in 1994 when Chinese and North Korean assistance was enlisted in producing missiles to boost its domestic weapons industry[7] followed by actual production in 1995[4] with the actual weapon being unveiled by [8] Due to shortage of Western-made anti-tank weapons, it forced Iran to seek out alternate anti-tank weapons that included the purchase of the 9K11 Malyutka.[9]

In 1998, it was reported that Iran had begun producing an improved version of the Russian AT-3B . The new missile was called the Improved Raad or I-Raad with improvements that include a new front airframe fitted with a tandem high explosive anti-tank (HEAT) warhead.[2]

Israel had captured some quantities of the RAAD on the Karine A in January 2002.[10]

Combat use

Hezbollah said they used variants of the RAAD in the 2006 Lebanon War.[11] Iran was said to have supplied Hezbollah with the RAAD.[12]



For Improved RAAD, it includes an upgraded tandem warhead that would defeat ERA.[6] A video camera-based SACLOS guidance system is also implemented,[2] mounted on a tripod.[9]


Improvements include a new tandem warhead system and a new frame.[5][13] All RAAD and I-RAAD missiles can be changed to the I-RAAD-T version by possibly changing the warhead and missile frame.[5][13]


The RAAD has almost the same gear as the 9K11 Malyutka, from the battery to the guidance unit with a simulator that can be used to train two operators on using the RAAD.[2][14]


See also


  1. ^ Based on the producer of the 9K11 Malyutka
  2. ^ a b c d
  3. ^
  4. ^ a b c
  5. ^ a b c I-RAAD-T brochure
  6. ^ a b Iran Builds Cruise Missile. Retrieved on May 12, 2008.
  7. ^
  8. ^
  9. ^ a b
  10. ^
  11. ^
  12. ^
  13. ^ a b
  14. ^
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