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RCD Espanyol

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RCD Espanyol

Espanyol
Full name Reial Club Deportiu
Espanyol de Barcelona, S.A.D.
Nickname(s) Periquitos (Parakeets) Blanquiazules (White and Blue) Mágico (Magical)
Founded 28 October 1900 (28 October 1900)
as Sociedad Española de Football
Ground Estadi Cornellà-El Prat
Ground Capacity 40,500
President Joan Collet i Diví
Manager Sergio González
League La Liga
2013–14 La Liga, 14th
Website Club home page

Reial Club Deportiu Espanyol de Barcelona (Catalan pronunciation: ; Royal Spanish Sports Club of Barcelona), commonly known as RCD Espanyol, or simply as Espanyol, is a professional sports club based in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain. Its football team is particularly popular.

History

Foundation and club culture

Espanyol was founded on 28 October 1900 by Ángel Rodríguez Ruiz (1879—1959), an engineering student at the University of Barcelona. The club's original home was in the well-off district of Sarrià and was initially known as the Sociedad Española de Football. One year later, the club changed its name to Club Español de Fútbol. Espanyol was the first club in Spain to be formed exclusively by Spanish fans of the game.

The club originally played in bright yellow shirts, with the colour of the shorts being left to the individual player. A friend of the club founder owned a textile business and happened to have an abundance of yellow material left over from a job. In 1910, the club changed its name to Club Deportivo Español and chose blue and white stripes as shirt colours and as the central colours of the club badge. Blue and white was chosen in homage to the colours appearing on the shield of the great Sicilian-Aragonese Admiral Roger de Lluria, who sailed the Mediterranean protecting the interests of the Crown of Aragon in the Middle Ages. The club were successful from the very beginning, winning the Campionat de Catalunya in 1903 and subsequently playing in the Copa del Rey.

Development of club's name

Line-up in the 1980s

In 1906, the club folded due to financial reasons and most of the players joined the X Sporting Club. This club won the Campionat de Catalunya three times between 1906 and 1908. In 1909, this club was effectively relaunched as Club Deportivo Español, and in 1910, they adopted their present day colours. Espanyol are one of several Spanish football clubs granted patronage by the Spanish crown and thus entitled to use Real in their names and the royal crown on their badge. This right was granted to Espanyol in 1912 by Alfonso XIII and the club subsequently became known as Real Club Deportivo Español.

Following the abdication of Alfonso XIII in 1931 and the declaration of the Second Spanish Republic, due to prohibition of royal symbols, the club adopted the more Catalan/republican friendly name, Club Esportiu Espanyol. After the Spanish Civil War, the name reverted to Real Club Deportivo Español.

The club took the Catalan spelling for its name in February 1995. The word Deportiu in Reial Club Deportiu Espanyol de Barcelona is a Catalanised form of the original word Deportivo (Castilian), despite the correct word being Esportiu in the Catalan language. This choice was made in order to retain the initials RCD in the club's name.

In 1994, Espanyol created its reserve team, Espanyol B, currently playing in the Segunda División B.

UEFA Cup 2006–07

With their win in the Copa del Rey the previous season, Espanyol entered the UEFA Cup. Following a 5–3 aggregate success against Artmedia Bratislava they were drawn in Group F, along with Dutch giants Ajax, Belgian minnows Zulte Waregem, Czech side Sparta Prague, and Austrian side Austria Wien. Espanyol were group winners, victorious in all four of their ties.

Their opponent in the Round of 32 was Italian side Livorno, who had just scraped into the knockout stages. Espanyol were 4–1 victors on aggregate, recording a 2–1 win in Tuscany and finishing the job 2–0 in Barcelona. Next up was Israeli side Maccabi Haifa, and after a dour 0–0 draw in the away leg, Espanyol thrashed their Israeli counterparts 4–0 in the second leg. Many were starting to see Espanyol as favourites to go all the way to the final in Glasgow's Hampden Park.

However, if that were to be the case, Espanyol would have to defeat Portuguese giants Benfica, two-time European Cup winners. Espanyol did not seem fazed by this, as they raced into a 3–0 lead in Spain. However, Benfica fought back and scored two away goals to leave the tie firmly in the balance. Nevertheless, Espanyol survived a daunting trip to Lisbon, coming away with a 0–0 draw, which was enough to book them a place in the semi-finals.

Germans Werder Bremen lay in wait for the Catalan side in the last four, but once again, Espanyol produced a brilliant home performance to virtually seal the tie on the night. A 3–0 rout of the Germans put the Spanish firmly in control, and any real doubts about their passage to the final disappeared, with a 2–1 win in Bremen. In the final, held on 16 May in Glasgow, Scotland, Espanyol fell to fellow La Liga side Sevilla, losing 3–1 in a shootout following a 2–2 draw. They became the only football team in UEFA Cup history to remain unbeaten in the tournament, yet didn't take home the trophy. Walter Pandiani, who would leave the club at the end of the season, was the top goal scorer of the UEFA Cup of that season.

Rivalries

El derbi Barceloní

Espanyol's local rival has always been FC Barcelona. Blanc-i-blaus, being one of the clubs granted royal patronage, was founded exclusively by Spanish football fans, unlike the multinational nature of Barça's primary board. The founding message of the club was clearly anti-Barcelona, and they disapprovingly saw FC Barcelona as a team of foreigners.[1] The rivalry was strengthened by what Catalonians saw as a provocative representative of Madrid.[2] Their original ground was in the affluent district of Sarrià.[3][4]

Traditionally, especially during the Franco regime, Espanyol was seen by the vast majority of Barcelona's citizens as a club which cultivated a kind of compliance to the central authority, in stark contrast to Barça's spirit of Catalan nationalism.[5] In 1918 Espanyol started a counter-petition against autonomy, which at that time had become a pertinent issue.[1] Later on, an Espanyol supporter group would join the Falangists in the Spanish civil war, siding with the fascists. Despite these differences in ideology, the derbi has always been more relevant to Espanyol supporters than Barcelona ones due to the difference in objectives. In recent years the rivalry has become less political, as Espanyol translated its official name and anthem from Spanish to Catalan.[1]

Though it is the most played local derby in the history of La Liga, it is also the most unbalanced, with Barcelona overwhelmingly dominant. In the league table, Espanyol has only managed to end above Barça on three occasions in almost 70 years and the only all-Catalan Copa del Rey final was won by Barça in 1957. Espanyol has the consolation of achieving the largest margin win with a 6–0 in 1951. Espanyol achieved a 2–1 win against Barça during the 2008–09 season, becoming the first team to defeat Barcelona at Camp Nou in their treble-winning season.[6]

Achievements

RCD Espanyol play at the Estadi Cornellà-El Prat
  • In 1928, Espanyol became a founding member of La Liga, and in 1929, the team won their first Copa del Rey. Espanyol has completed the highest number of seasons in La Liga without actually winning the title.
  • The team has qualified nine times for the UEFA Cup (including the 2006–07 qualification following the 2006 Spanish Cup win) and reached the final in 1988, losing to Bayer Leverkusen of then-West Germany on penalty kicks (3–2), after a memorable home-and-away final (3–0 in Barcelona, 0–3 in Leverkusen), and in 2007, losing to Sevilla on another penalty kicks round (3–1), after a memorable match (ended 1–1 after normal time, and 2–2 after extra time).

Trophies

Men's Football

Third place (4): 1932–33, 1966–67, 1972–73, 1986–87
Winners (4): 1929, 1940, 2000, 2006
Runners-up (5): 1911, 1915, 1941, 1947, 1957
Semi-finals (10): 1903, 1930, 1932, 1933, 1945, 1948 (3rd place), 1949 (3rd place), 1956, 1977, 1996
Quarter-finals (20): 1918, 1926, 1934, 1936, 1942, 1953, 1954, 1961, 1962, 1964, 1972, 1974, 1976, 1983, 1997, 1999, 2001, 2009, 2012, 2014
Runners-up (2): 1987–88, 2006–07
Winner (1): 1993–94
Winners (11): 1903–04, 1905–06, 1906–07, 1907–08, 1911–12, 1914–15, 1917–18, 1928–29, 1932–33, 1936–37, 1939–40
Winners (6): 1994–95, 1995–96, 1998–99, 2005–06, 2009–10, 2010–11
Runners-up (5): 1993–94, 2003–04, 2004–05, 2006–07, 2008–09

Women's football

Winners (1): 2005–06
Runners-up (3): 2006–07, 2009–10, 2010–11
Winners (6): 1996, 1997, 2006, 2009, 2010, 2012
Runners-up (4): 1990, 2002, 2007, 2011

Men's basketball

Winners (1): 1941
Winners (2): 1931, 1932
Runners-up (3): 1941, 1943, 1954
Winners (1): 1981

Women's basketball

Winners (1): 1943
Runners-up (1): 1944

Men's hockey

Winners (11): 1944, 1947, 1948, 1949, 1951, 1954, 1955, 1956, 1957, 1961, 1962
Runners-up (4): 1946, 1952, 1953, 1958

Women's volleyball

Winners (3): 1985, 1988, 1991
Winners (5): 1984, 1985, 1986, 1990, 1992

Men's baseball

Winners (2): 1946, 1953

Competition summary

Current squad

As of 1 September 2014[8]
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
No. Position Player
1 GK Germán Parreño
2 DF Felipe Mattioni
3 DF Raúl Rodríguez
4 MF Víctor Sánchez
5 DF Víctor Álvarez
6 MF Salva Sevilla
7 MF Álex Fernández
8 FW Christian Stuani
9 FW Sergio García (captain)
10 MF Abraham González
11 MF Manuel Lanzarote
12 DF Carlos Clerc
13 GK Kiko Casilla (4th captain)
14 MF José Cañas
No. Position Player
15 DF Héctor Moreno
16 DF Javi López (vice-captain)
17 MF Lucas Vázquez (on loan from Real Madrid)
18 DF Juan Fuentes
19 DF Diego Colotto (3rd captain)
20 FW Felipe Caicedo
22 DF Álvaro González
23 DF Anaitz Arbilla
24 MF Paco Montañés
25 GK Pau López
28 MF Joan Jordán
29 FW Jairo Morillas
30 DF Eric Bailly

Out on loan

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
No. Position Player
MF Christian Alfonso (at Girona until 30 June 2015)
MF Cristian Gómez (at Girona until 30 June 2015)
MF Sergio Tejera (at Alavés until 30 June 2015)
FW Thievy Bifouma (at Almería until 30 June 2015)

Retired numbers

21 Daniel Jarque (deceased) (2002–09)

See also Category:RCD Espanyol footballers

Players with more appearances

Competitive, professional matches only.
As of 24 May 2014
Name Years League Second Division League Cup Other Total
1 Raúl Tamudo 1996–10 340 49 389
2 José María 1965–76 269 31 10 310
3 Antonio Argilés 1950–64 301 4 5 309
4 Mauricio Pochettino 1994–06 275 29 304
5 Thomas N'Kono 1982–90 241 33 19 10 303
6 Arteaga 1993–03 238 28 29 295
7 Manuel Zúñiga 1979–88 259 18 9 286
8 Fernando Molinos 1974–84 264 6 6 276
9 Diego Orejuela 1982–91 216 33 15 12 276
10 Marañón 1974–83 261 4 6 271
1Includes Copa del Rey data only since 1997.

Managers

Dates Name
1922–24 Edward Garry
1924–26 Francisco Bru
1926–30 Jack Greenwell
1930–33 Patricio Caicedo
1933–35 Ramón Trabal
1935 Harry Lowe
1935–43 Patricio Caicedo
1943–44 Pedro Solé
1944–45 Baltasar Albéniz
1946 Crisant Bosch
1946–47 Josep Planas
1947–49 José Espada
1949–50 Patricio Caicedo
1950–52 Juan José Nogués
1952–54 Alejandro Scopelli
1954 José Espada
1955 Odilio Bravo
1955–57 Ricardo Zamora
1957–58 Elemér Berkessy
1958–59 Marcel Domingo
1959–60 Antonio Barrios
1960–61 Ernesto Pons
1961 Alejandro Scopelli
1961 Ricardo Zamora
1961 José Luis Saso
1961 Ricardo Zamora
Dates Name
1961–62 Julián Arcas
1962–63 Heriberto Herrera
1963 Pedro Areso
1963–64 Pedro Solé
1964–65 László Kubala
1965–66 Fernando Argila
1966 José Espada
1966–68 Jenő Kalmár
1968–69 Antonio Argilés
1969–70 Fernando Riera
1970 Rafael Iriondo
1970–71 Ferdinand Daučík
1971–77 José Santamaría
1977–78 Heriberto Herrera
1978–80 José Antonio Irulegui
1980 Vicente Miera
1980–83 José María Maguregui
1983 Milorad Pavic
Sept 13, 1983–June 30, 1986 Xabier Azkargorta
July 1, 1986–March 13, 1989 Javier Clemente
1989 Pepe Mauri
1989 Raúl Longhi
1989 José María García Andoaín
1989–90 Benito Joanet
1990 Juanjo Díaz
June 28, 1990–June 9, 1991 Luis Aragonés
Dates Name
1991 Ljupko Petrović
1991–92 Jaume Sabaté
Jan 21, 1992–June 30, 1992 Javier Clemente
1992–93 José Manuel Díaz Novoa
1993 Juanjo Díaz
1993–96 José Antonio Camacho
1996–97 Pepe Carcelén
1997 Vicente Miera
1997 Paco Flores
July 1, 1997–June 1, 1998 José Antonio Camacho
July 1, 1998–Sept 6, 1998 Marcelo Bielsa
Sept 1998–Jan 00 Miguel Ángel Brindisi
Jan 17, 2000–June 30, 2002 Paco Flores
July 1, 2002–Oct 20, 2002 Juande Ramos
2002 Ramón Moya
Dec 18, 2002–Nov 4, 2003 Javier Clemente
Nov 4, 2003–June 30, 2004 Luis Fernández
July 1, 2004–June 30, 2006 Miguel Ángel Lotina
July 1, 2006–June 30, 2008 Ernesto Valverde
July 1, 2008–Nov 30, 2008 Tintín Márquez
Dec 1, 2008–Jan 20, 2009 Mané
Jan 20, 2009–Nov 26, 2012 Mauricio Pochettino
Nov 28, 2012–16 May 2014 Javier Aguirre
28 May 2014–Present Sergio González

see also Category:RCD Espanyol managers

Presidents

Dates Name
1900–02 Ángel Rodríguez Ruiz
1902–06 Josep María Miró Trepat
1906–09 no activities
1909 Julià Clapera Roca
1909–10 Ángel Rodríguez Ruiz
1910–11 Evelio Doncos
1911–12 Josep García Hardoy
1912–13 Santiago de la Riva
1913–14 Alfonso Ardura
1914–15 Josep García Hardoy
Dates Name
1915–18 José María Bernadas
1918–19 Manuel Allende
1919–20 Victorià de la Riva
1920–22 Genaro de la Riva
1922–24 Victorià de la Riva
1924–25 Santiago de la Riva
1925–30 Genaro de la Riva
1930–31 Santiago de la Riva
1931–33 Javier de Salas
1933–42 Genaro de la Riva
Dates Name
1942–47 Francisco Román Cenarro
1947–48 José Salas Painello
1948–58 Francisco Javier Sáenz
1958–60 Frederic Marimón Grifell
1960–62 Victorià Oliveras de la Riva
1962–63 Cesáreo Castilla Delgado
1963–67 Josep Fusté Noguera
1967–69 Juan Vilá
1969–70 Josep Fusté Noguera
1970–82 Manuel Meler
Dates Name
1982–89 Antonio Baró
1989 Ferrán Martorell
1989–93 Julio Pardo
1993–97 Francisco Perelló
1997–11 Daniel Sánchez Llibre
2011–12 Ramon Condal
2012– Juan Collet

Stadia

From 1923 until 1997, Espanyol played their home games in Estadi de Sarrià in the Sarrià-Sant Gervasi district of Barcelona. In 1997, they moved to the Estadi Olímpic Lluís Companys on Montjuïc. For the beginning of the 2009–10 season, Espanyol moved into the newly constructed Estadi Cornellà-El Prat in Cornellà de Llobregat.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c Ball, Phil. pp. 86–87.
  2. ^ Shubert, Arthur. p. 199.
  3. ^ "Edición del martes, 09 abril 1901, página 2 – Hemeroteca – Lavanguardia.es" (in Spanish). Hemeroteca Lavanguardia. Retrieved 13 March 2010. 
  4. ^ "History of Espanyol". RCD Espanyol. Retrieved 13 March 2010. 
  5. ^ Missiroli, Antonio (March 2002). "European football cultures and their integration: the 'short' Twentieth Century". Europa (web portal). Retrieved 1 July 2009. 
  6. ^ "Matchday 24". FC Barcelona. Retrieved 13 March 2010. 
  7. ^ Catalan football championship
  8. ^ "Primer equipo" [First team] (in Spanish). RCD Espanyol. Retrieved 31 January 2014. 

External links

  • Official website (Catalan)/(English)/(Spanish)
  • Espanyol at La Liga (English) (Spanish)
  • Futbolme team profile (Spanish)
  • BDFutbol team profile
  • Women's team official website (Spanish)
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