World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Refah Partisi

Article Id: WHEBN0001470033
Reproduction Date:

Title: Refah Partisi  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Judaism, Turkish Armed Forces, 1996, European Court of Human Rights, Islam and antisemitism, Necmettin Erbakan, List of ECHR cases concerning existence of political parties, Jews
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Refah Partisi

"Welfare Party" redirects here. For indian political party, see Welfare Party of India.

Welfare Party
Refah Partisi
Leader Ahmet Tekdal
Founder Ahmet Tekdal
Slogan Justice is our goal
Founded 1983
Dissolved 1998
Preceded by National Salvation Party
Succeeded by Virtue Party
Headquarters  Turkey, Ankara
Ideology Sunni Islamism
Religion Sunni Islam
Politics of Turkey
Political parties

The Welfare Party(Refah Partisi, RP) was an Islamist political party in Turkey. It was founded by Ali Türkmen, Ahmet Tekdal and Necmettin Erbakan in Ankara in 1983 as heir to two earlier parties, (National Order Party, MNP) and (National Salvation Party, MSP), which were banned from politics. The RP participated in mayoral elections at that time and they won in three cities Konya, Şanlıurfa, and Van. Their vote percentage was approximately 5%.

Welfare Party participated in the 1991 elections in a triple alliance with (Nationalist Movement Party, MÇP) and Reformist Democracy Party(IDP). They gained 16.9% of the vote. They won 62 deputies but 19 ones of MÇP (with founding Democratic Movement Party in 25 December 1991 and joining the MÇP in 29 December 1991) and 3 ones of IDP left RP after it. Their popular vote increased over the years until they became the largest party under Prime Minister Necmettin Erbakan in 1996. The coalition government of Erbakan was forced out of power by the Turkish military in 1997, due to being suspected of having an Islamist agenda.[1]

In 1998 the Welfare Party was banned for violating the principle of secularism in the constitution.[2] The ban was upheld by the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) on 13 February 2003. The ECHR's decision was criticized by Human Rights Watch for lack of consistency, as the ECHR had refused disbanding of other parties in several occasions.[3][4]

The incumbent Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan was a former member of the party, now lead the ruling Justice and Development Party. The current President of Turkey, Abdullah Gül, was the deputy leader of the party up until it was dissolved.


External links

  • ECHR Third Section judgment (2001)
  • ECHR Grand Chamber judgment (2003)

Template:Historical parties in Turkey

ug:رىفاھ(گۈللىنىش )پارتىيىسى
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.