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Robert Hartig

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Robert Hartig

Robert Hartig
Robert Hartig, from the book by Otto Dittmar et al. Adam Schwappach. Ein Forstwissenschaftler und sein Erbe. Hanstedt 2001, S. 47
Born 30 May 1839
Died 9 October 1901
Nationality German
Known for Hartig net
Author abbreviation (botany) R.Hartig

Robert Hartig (born: Heinrich Julius Adolph Robert Hartig, 30 May 1839, in Braunschweig - died 9 October 1901, in Munich) was a German forestry scientist and mycologist.


He was educated at the Collegium Carolinum of Braunschweig, and at Berlin. In 1878 he was appointed professor of botany at Munich. Hartig made significant contributions to knowledge of vegetable pathology. Prior to his investigations on the progressive stages of disease in trees, little or nothing had been done in this area, so that Hartig may be considered the founder of arboreal pathology.[1]

He worked in Aschaffenburg and Munich with Ernst Münch (1876–1946) in forest pathology. He described the Hartig net, a hyphal network that extends into the plant root.


  • Die Unterscheidungsmerkmale der wichtigern in Deutschland wachsenden Hölzer (3d ed. 1890)
  • Lehrbuch der Baumkrankheiten (2d ed. 1889; Eng. trans. by W. Somerville and H. Marshall Ward as Diseases of Trees, 1894[2]) This work reviews the development of the study of vegetable pathology; the causes of vegetable disease; the injuries induced by such plants as cryptogams, fungi, and phanerogams; wounds; and diseases due to conditions of the soil.
  • Zersetzungserscheinungen des Holzes (1878) Initiated the modern era of understanding of wood decay.


He was the son of Theodor Hartig (1805–1880) and grandson of Georg Ludwig Hartig (1764–1837).

See also


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