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Robert S. Ingersoll

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Robert S. Ingersoll

Robert S. Ingersoll
United States Deputy Secretary of State
In office
July 10, 1974 – March 31, 1976
President Richard M. Nixon
Gerald Ford
Preceded by Kenneth Rush
Succeeded by Charles W. Robinson
Assistant Secretary of State for East Asian and Pacific Affairs
In office
January 8, 1974 – July 9, 1974
President Richard M. Nixon
Preceded by G. McMurtrie Godley
Succeeded by Philip Habib
United States Ambassador to Japan
In office
April 12, 1972 – November 8, 1973
President Richard M. Nixon
Preceded by Armin H. Meyer
Succeeded by James D. Hodgson
Personal details
Born Robert Stephen Ingersoll
(1914-01-28)January 28, 1914
Galesburg, Illinois
Died October 8, 2010(2010-10-08) (aged 96)
Evanston, Illinois
Political party Republican
Spouse(s) Coralyn Eleanor Reid
Alma mater Yale University (B.S)
Religion Congregationalist

Robert Stephen Ingersoll (January 28, 1914 – August 22, 2010) was an United States Ambassador to Japan from 1972 to 1973, and assistant Secretary of State for East Asian and Pacific Affairs from 1973 to 1974, both during President Richard Nixon's term in office. He served as United States Deputy Secretary of State from 1974 to 1976 under both Presidents Nixon and Gerald Ford.

Ingersoll was born on January 28, 1914 in [2] Ingersoll was named in 1956 as the firm's president and chief operating officer, succeeding his father in the post.[3] He was named as that firm's chairman and chief executive in 1961.[4] As CEO, Ingersoll was an active supporter of Urban League programs, supporting "better housing, economic opportunities and voting rights for the colored race" and noting that "[o]ur labor force will be increasingly Negro".[2] By 1972, the firm did business in 22 countries around the world and had global sales of $1.15 billion. Shifting to foreign car companies as U.S. domestic manufacturers bought production in house, by 1971 Ingersoll saw automobile transmission sales increase more than tenfold to 487,000 units in the preceding decade.[1]

Ingersoll's experience in dealing with business ventures in Japan played a major role in his choice by President Nixon as United States Ambassador to Japan in 1972, where he was only the second person who was not a career diplomat to be chosen in the period following World War II and the first businessperson to be selected. Ingersoll helped deal with differences between the nations regarding Japan's $3.5 billion trade surplus with the United States, negotiating agreements that led to Japanese imports in excess of $1 billion worth of American agricultural and manufactured products. In 1974, he was named as Assistant Secretary of State for East Asian and Pacific Affairs and served in that post until 1976. After the Lockheed bribery scandals were disclosed to the public, Ingersoll played a lead role in the State Department's handling of the affair, which he stated had done "grievous damage" to U.S. foreign relations, with Lockheed having that Lockheed had paid $3 million in bribes to the office of Japanese Prime Minister Kakuei Tanaka and more than $1 million in improper payments to Prince Bernhard of the Netherlands. The scandal led to the downfall of governments overseas and the resignations of two senior Lockheed officials.

As a trustee of the Colorado, where he participated in discussions with labor officials, politicians and religious leaders on major issues facing society in addition to taking advantage of the skiing.[2] Ingersoll was former Chairman of the Panasonic Foundation and also served as the Vice President of the Board of Directors of the United States Chamber of Commerce.

Ingersoll died at age 96 on August 22, 2010, at his home in Evanston, Illinois. He was survived by three daughters, 11 grandchildren and 21 great-grandchildren. His wife, the former Coralyn Reed, died in 2001 after 63 years of marriage.[1]

References

  1. ^ a b c d Hevesi, Dennis. "Robert Ingersoll, who Served as Envoy to Japan, Dies at 96", The New York Times, August 28, 2010. Accessed August 28, 2010.
  2. ^ a b c d Wilcke, Gerd. "Personality: Sociology-Oriented Executive; Borg-Warner Chief Pursues 2 Goals in His Activity R.S. Ingersoll Seeks Company's Growth and Democracy", The New York Times, June 20, 1965. Accessed August 28, 2010.
  3. ^ Raebum, Jean. "R.S. Ingersoll Replaces Father As President of Borg-Warner; PRESIDENT NAMED FOR BORG-WARNER", The New York Times, April 28, 1956. Accessed August 28, 2010.
  4. ^ Staff. "Ingersoll Passing Chairmanship To Son at Borg-Warner Corp.; CHAIRMAN NAMED BY BORG-WARNER", The New York Times, September 18, 1961. Accessed August 28, 2010.

External links

  • Light & Truth biography from Yale University
  • Council of American Ambassadors profile
  • The United States in Asia
Government offices
Preceded by
Marshall Green
Assistant Secretary of State for East Asian and Pacific Affairs
January 8 – July 9, 1974
Succeeded by
Philip Habib
Political offices
Preceded by
Kenneth Rush
U.S. Deputy Secretary of State
1974–1976
Succeeded by
Charles W. Robinson
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