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Roehampton

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Title: Roehampton  
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Subject: Putney, Polo at the 1908 Summer Olympics, London Borough of Wandsworth, Richmond, London, London Buses route 493
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Roehampton

Roehampton

Roehampton High Street
Roehampton is located in Greater London
Roehampton
 Roehampton shown within Greater London
OS grid reference
London borough Wandsworth
Ceremonial county Greater London
Region London
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town LONDON
Postcode district SW15
Dialling code 020
Police Metropolitan
Fire London
Ambulance London
EU Parliament London
UK Parliament Putney
London Assembly Merton and Wandsworth
List of places
UK
England
London
Map of Roehampton - Click to enlarge

Roehampton is a suburban[1] district in southwest London, forming the western end of the London Borough of Wandsworth. It lies between the town of Barnes to the north, Putney to the east, and Wimbledon Common to the south. The Richmond Park Golf Courses are west of the district, and just north of these is the Roehampton Gate entrance to Richmond Park — the largest of London's Royal Parks. Roehampton is 6.3 miles (10.1 km) southwest of Charing Cross.

Contents

  • Etymology 1
  • Description 2
  • Famous residents 3
  • Nearest places 4
  • Bibliography 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

Etymology

The Roe in Roehampton is thought to refer to the large number of rooks that still inhabit the area.

Description

Roehampton emerged as a favoured residential suburb of the 18th and 19th centuries following the opening of King's Head Inn, at the foot of Roehampton High Street and the Montague Arms, Medfield Street, both 17th century in origin. Dramatic change came to Roehampton when the London County Council (LCC) built the Roehampton Estate in the 1920s and 1930s (renamed the Dover House Estate) and the Alton Estate in the 1950s.

Dover House Road Estate is one of a number of important LCC cottage estates inspired by the Garden City Movement. The land was previously the estates of two large houses, Dover House and Putney Park House, which were purchased by the London County Council soon after World War I. Dover House was demolished for the new estate, but Putney Park House remains. The common characteristic of the LCC cottage estates is picturesque housing influenced by the Arts and Crafts style. It was the intention at Dover House Estate to create housing in groups that overlooked or had access to open space, to provide a sense of intimacy and individuality, and the estate was laid out with communal green spaces. Allotments were also provided in three backland areas behind houses, two of which remain, the third subsequently infilled by housing.

Some of the many high-rise blocks which are part of the large Alton Estate

The notable Le Corbusier's Unite d'Habitation. The installation and construction of a pedestrian entrance to Richmond Park from the Alton Estate was secured by Justine Greening (MP for the Putney constituency, which includes Roehampton) in 2007 although it has not yet materialised.[3]

The Alton Estate has featured as a film and television location. Fahrenheit 451 (1966) used some of the estate as its backdrop for a bleak dystopian society of the future and Thames Television's film division Euston Films used the Danebury Avenue area of the estate to film the opening scenes of Sweeney 2 (1978), the sequel to the film Sweeney!(1977).

The estate is now part of a regeneration scheme with a number of government initiatives such as SureStart helping to tackle issues of poverty and social exclusion.

Roehampton was originally a village which evolved as a popular residential area for the wealthy within easy reach of London. Roehampton House was built in 1710 and was until 2008 the administrative centre for Queen Mary's Hospital. It is now being developed into private flats. Parkstead House was built in 1763 by the second Earl of Bessborough, and was the home of the socialite Caroline Lamb before being acquired in 1861 for use as a seminary by the Jesuits and renamed Manresa House. Gerard Manley Hopkins, the Jesuit poet, lived there. Many other 18th century aristocratic summer villas were set in parkland near Richmond Park and Putney Heath. Parkstead (Manresa) House, Downshire House, Grove House and Mount Clare are now all part of the University of Roehampton campus. Much of the old village of Roehampton still remains dominated by large detached houses. An old watering trough for Victorian carriage-horses exists at the junction of Medfield Street and Roehampton Lane. The university has campaigned to have nearby Barnes railway station renamed as Barnes & Roehampton given that the station is situated between the two areas.[4]

Roehampton is home to a number of well-known educational institutions: the University of Roehampton has approximately 8,000 students housed in 4 colleges; the new Queen Mary's Hospital with its renowned amputee rehabilitation centre opened in 2006 is a teaching centre for medical students based in Wandsworth NHS Primary Care Trust; Kingston University has one of its campuses in Roehampton Vale; South Thames College also has a Campus on Roehampton Lane. It has long been a major centre for teacher-training, being the site of two constituent colleges (Digby Stuart College and Froebel College) of the former federal Roehampton Institute of Higher Education (now the University of Roehampton), as well as South East England's only lecturer-training college (Garnett College) which eventually moved and became part of the University of Greenwich.

Apart from education other notable institutions based here include: The Priory Clinic; the Bank of England Sports Centre; Rosslyn Park Rugby Football Club; and the Roehampton Club. The International Tennis Federation moved to Roehampton from Baron's Court in 1998, and in 2007 the Lawn Tennis Association made the same short journey across London to their newly built headquarters next door to the ITF. Roehampton has long been an exclusive London address.

In October 2009 a planning application was submitted to restore the King's Head and convert the existing buildings with extensions into a 51 bedroom hotel, as part of the regeneration of Roehampton town centre. The application was due to be considered in February 2010.

Furthermore, Roehampton is an important location within H.G. Wells' novel The Sleeper Awakes. Roehampton (along with 5 other locations in London; namely Wimbledon Park, Norwood, Blackheath and Shooter's Hill) form a series of rudimentary airports known as 'Flying Stages'. The Flying Stage at Roehampton is the scene for a major battle within the plot.

Famous residents

Nearest places

Bibliography

  • Putney and Roehampton, A Brief History The Putney Society, (1992)
  • Putney and Roehampton Past D J Gerhold, (1994)
  • Putney in 1636 Nicholas Lane's Map D J Gerhold, (1994)
  • Villas and Mansions of Roehampton and Putney Heath D J Gerhold, (1997) ISBN 0905121058
  • Roehampton in 1617 The Village Surveyed Dorian Gerhold FRHistS FSA, (2001)

References

  1. ^ A City of Villages: Promoting a sustainable future for London's suburbs (PDF). SDS Technical Report 11 ( 
  2. ^ "Downshire House". www.britishlistedbuildings.co.uk. Retrieved 7 January 2013. 
  3. ^ "Alton Estate entrance to Richmond Park agreed". Justine Greening's Parliamentary Website. 
  4. ^ "6.4 Objective: Improve the transportation links to the campus." (pdf). Roehampton University Campus Strategy. October 2008. pp. 11–12. Retrieved 21 October 2009. 
  5. ^ "Dawid Malan". Player profiles—England.  

External links

  • Local History London Borough of Wandsworth.
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