World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Romanization of Lao

Article Id: WHEBN0002146633
Reproduction Date:

Title: Romanization of Lao  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Lao language, ISO 11940, Romanization of Thai, Romanization, Romanization of Malayalam
Collection: Lao Language, Romanization
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Romanization of Lao

Lao romanization systems are transcriptions of the Lao alphabet into the Latin alphabet.


  • Tables 1
    • Consonants 1.1
    • Vowel nuclei 1.2
  • See also 2
  • External links 3



The table below shows the Lao consonant letters and their transcriptions according to IPA (International Phonetic Alphabet,) BGN (and PCGN,) and LC (US ALA-LC romanization,) as well as the transcriptions used in the Unicode names of the letters, and in official Lao government usage.
Character Initial position Final position
/k/ k /k/ k k
/kʰ/ kh /k/ k k
/kʰ/ kh /k/ k k
/ŋ/ ng /ŋ/ ng ng
/tɕ/ ch /t/ t c
/s/ s /t/ t s
/s/ x s /t/ t s
/ɲ/ gn ny ny
/d/ d /t/ t d
/t/ t /t/ t t
/tʰ/ th /t/ t th
/tʰ/ th /t/ t th
/n/ n /n/ ne n n
/b/ b /p/ p b
/p/ p /p/ p p
/pʰ/ ph ph
/f/ f /p/ p f
/pʰ/ ph /p/ p ph
/f/ f /p/ p f
/m/ m /m/ m m
/j/ y y
/r/,/l/ r /n/ ne n r
/l/ l /n/ ne n l
/ʋ/,/w/ v v,w w
/h/ h h
/ʔ/ o
/h/ h h

Vowel nuclei

The table below shows the Lao vowel nuclei, combined with the consonant ກ.

IPA BGN LC Unicode IPA BGN LC Unicode IPA BGN LC Unicode IPA BGN LC Unicode
ກະ/ກັກ /a/ a a a ກາ /aː/ a ā aa
ກິ /i/ i i i ກີ /iː/ i ī ii ເກັຽະ/ກັຽກ /iə/ ia ia ເກັຽ/ກຽກ ia īa
ກຶ /ɯ/ u ư y ກື /ɯː/ u ư̄ yy ເກຶອະ/ເກຶອກ /ɯə/ ua ưa ເກືອ ua ư̄a
ກຸ /u/ ou u u ກູ /uː/ ou ū uu ກົວະ/ກັວກ /uə/ oua ua ກົວ/ ກວກ oua ūa
ເກະ/ເກັກ /e/ é e ເກ /eː/ é ē e
ແກະ/ແກັກ /ɛ/ è æ ແກ /ɛː/ è ǣ ei
ໂກະ/ກົກ /o/ ô o ໂກ /oː/ ô ō o
ເກາະ/ກັອກ /ɔ/ o ກໍ/ກອກ /ɔː/ o ō̜
ເກິະ/ເກິກ /ɤ/ eu œ ເກີ/ ເກືກ /ɤː/ eu œ̄
ໄກ/ໃກ/ກັຍ /ai/ ai ai ai/ay ກາຍ/ກາຽ /ai/ āi
ເກົາ /au/ ao ao
ກໍາ /am/ am am am

See also

External links

  • Report on the current status of United Nations romanization systems for geographical names - Lao (PDF; this document refers to the Lao Commission Nationale de Toponymie. There is no Lao romanization system officially adopted by the UN.)
  • Library of Congress romanization table for Lao (PDF)
  • Unicode code chart for Lao
  • ANSI Z39.35-1979, System for the Romanization of Lao, Khmer, and Pali; ISBN 0-88738-968-6.
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.