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Roy Thomas

Roy Thomas
Thomas at the Big Apple Con,
November 14, 2008.
Born Roy William Thomas, Jr.
(1940-11-22) November 22, 1940
Jackson, Missouri
Nationality American
Area(s) Writer, Editor
Notable works
The Avengers
Alter Ego
Conan the Barbarian
Invaders
Uncanny X-Men
Ghost Rider
Iron Fist
All-Star Squadron
Arak, Son of Thunder
Infinity, Inc.
Secret Origins
Young All-Stars
Awards Alley Award, 1969
Shazam Award, 1971, 1973, 1974

Roy William Thomas, Jr.[1] (born November 22, 1940)[2] is an American comic book writer and editor, who was Stan Lee's first successor as editor-in-chief of Marvel Comics. He is possibly best known for introducing the pulp magazine hero Conan the Barbarian to American comics, with a series that added to the storyline of Robert E. Howard's character and helped launch a sword and sorcery trend in comics. Thomas is also known for his championing of Golden Age comic-book heroes – particularly the 1940s superhero team the Justice Society of America – and for lengthy writing stints on Marvel's X-Men and Avengers, and DC Comics' All-Star Squadron, among other titles.

Thomas was inducted into the Will Eisner Comic Book Hall of Fame in 2011.

Contents

  • Early life 1
  • Career 2
    • Marvel Comics 2.1
      • Editor-in-chief 2.1.1
    • DC Comics 2.2
    • Later career 2.3
  • Awards 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

Early life

Thomas was born in Jackson, Missouri, United States.[3] As a child, he was a devoted comic book fan, and in grade school he wrote and drew his own comics for distribution to friends and family. The first of these was All-Giant Comics, which he recalls as having featured such characters as Elephant Giant.[3][4] He graduated from Southeast Missouri State University in 1961 with a BS in Education,[1] having majored in history and social science.

Thomas became an early and active member of Jerry Bails, whose enthusiasm for the rebirth of superhero comics during that period led Bails to found the fanzine Alter Ego, an early focal point of fandom. Thomas, then a high school English teacher, took over as editor in 1964 when Bails moved on to other pursuits. Letters from him appeared regularly in the letters pages of both DC and Marvel Comics, including The Flash #116 (Nov. 1960), Fantastic Four #5 (July 1962), Fantastic Four #15 (June 1963), and Fantastic Four #22 (Jan. 1964).

Career

Marvel Comics

In 1965, Thomas moved to New York City to take a job at

This came after his chafing under the notoriously difficult Weisinger, to a point, Thomas said in 1981, that he would go "home to my dingy little room at, coincidentally, the George Washington Hotel in Manhattan, during that second week, and actually feeling tears well into my eyes, at the ripe old age of 24."[5] Familiar with editor and chief writer Stan Lee's Marvel work, and feeling them "the most vital comics around,[5] Thomas "just sat down one night at the hotel and – I wrote him a letter! Not applying for a job or anything so mundane as that – I just said that I admired his work, and would like to buy him a drink some time. I figured he just might remember me from Alter Ego."[5] Lee did, and phoned Thomas to offer him a Marvel writing test.

I was hired after taking [the] ' writer's test', and my first official job title at Marvel was 'staff writer'. I wasn't hired as an editor or assistant editor. I was supposed to come in 40 hours a week and write scripts on staff. ... I sat at this corrugated metal desk with a typewriter in a small office with production manager Sol Brodsky and corresponding secretary Flo Steinberg. Everybody who came up to Marvel wound up there, and the phone was constantly ringing, with conversations going on all around me. ... Almost at once, even though Stan proofed all the finished stories, he and Sol started having me check the corrections before they went out, and that would break up my concentration still further. ... [and] they kept asking me to do this or that, or questions like in which issue something happened, or Stan would come in to check something, because I knew a lot about Marvel continuity up to that time. ... It quickly became apparent to them, too, that the staff writer thing wasn't working, and Stan segued me over to being an editorial assistant, which immediately worked out better for all concerned.[7]

The writer's test, Thomas said in 1998, "was four Jack Kirby pages from Fantastic Four Annual #2 ... [Stan Lee] had Sol [Brodsky] or someone take out the dialogue. It was just black-and-white. Other people like Denny O'Neil and Gary Friedrich took it. But soon afterwards we stopped using it."[8] The day after taking the test, Thomas was at DC, proofreading a Supergirl story, when Steinberg called asking Thomas to meet with Lee during lunch, where Thomas agreed to work for Marvel.[9] He returned to DC to give "indefinite notice" to Weisinger, but Weisinger ordered him to leave immediately and "I was back at Marvel less than an hour after I first left, and had a Modeling with Millie assignment to do over the weekend. It was a Friday."[9] His employment was announced in the "Bullpen Bulletins" section of Fantastic Four #47 (Feb. 1966) under the heading "How About That! Department" ("Roy's a fan who's made it!").

To that point, editor-in-chief Lee had been the main writer of Marvel publications, with his brother, Larry Lieber, often picking up the slack scripting Lee-plotted stories. Thomas soon became the first new Marvel writer to sustain a presence, at a time when comics veterans such as Robert Bernstein, Ernie Hart, Leon Lazarus, and Don Rico, and fellow newcomers Steve Skeates (hired a couple of weeks earlier) and O'Neil (brought in at Thomas' recommendation a few months later) did not. His Marvel debut was the romance-comics story "Whom Can I Turn To?" in the Millie the Model spin-off Modeling with Millie #44 (Dec. 1965) – for which the credits and the logo were inadvertently left off due to a production glitch, resulting in this being left off most credit lists.[10][11] Thomas' first Marvel superhero scripting was "My Life for Yours", the "Iron Man" feature in Tales of Suspense #73 (Jan. 1966), working from a Lee plot as well as a plot assist from secretary Steinberg. Thomas estimates that Lee rewrote approximately half of that fledgling attempt.

Thomas' earliest Marvel work also included the teen-romance title Patsy and Hedy #104–105 (Feb.-April 1966), and two "Doctor Strange" stories, plotted by Lee and Steve Ditko, in Strange Tales #143–144 (April–May 1966). Two previously written freelance stories for Charlton Comics also saw print: "The Second Trojan War" in Son of Vulcan #50 (Jan. 1966) and "The Eye of Horus" in Blue Beetle #54 (March 1966).[12] "When Stan saw the couple of Charlton stories I'd written earlier in more of a Gardner Fox style, he wasn't too impressed," Thomas recalled. "It's probably a good thing I already had my job at Marvel at that point! I think I was the right person in the right place at the right time, but there are other people who, had they been there, might have been just as right."[13]

Thomas took on what would be his first long-term Marvel title, the World War II series Sgt. Fury and his Howling Commandos, starting with #29 (April 1966) and continuing through #41 (April 1967) and the series' 1966 annual, Sgt. Fury Special #2. He also began writing the mutant-superteam title [Uncanny] X-Men from #20–43 (May 1966 – April 1968), and, finally, took over The Avengers, starting with #35 (Dec. 1966), and continuing until 1972. That notable run was marked by a strong sense of continuity, and stories that ranged from the personal to the cosmic – the latter most prominently with the "Kree-Skrull War" in issues #89–97 (June 1971 – March 1972). Additional work included an occasional "Nick Fury, Agent of S.H.I.E.L.D" and "Doctor Strange" story in Strange Tales. When that title became the solo comic Doctor Strange, he wrote the entire run of new stories, from #169–183 (June 1968 – Nov. 1969), mostly with the art team of penciler Gene Colan and inker Tom Palmer.[12]

As Thomas self-evaluated in a 1981 interview, shortly after leaving Marvel for rival DC Comics, "One of the reasons Stan liked my writing ... was that after a few issues he felt he could trust me enough that he virtually never again read anything I wrote – well, at least not more than a page or two in a row, just to keep me honest."[14]

Thomas eloped in July 1968 to marry his first wife, Jean Maxey,[15] returning to work a day late from a weekend comic-book convention in St. Louis, Missouri. Thomas said in 2000 that Brodsky, in the interim, had assigned Doctor Strange to the writer Archie Goodwin, newly ensconced at Marvel and writing Iron Man, but Thomas convinced Brodsky to return it to him. "I got very possessive about Doctor Strange," Thomas recalled. "It wasn't a huge seller, but [by the time it was canceled], we were selling in the low 40 percent range of more than 400,000 print run, so it was actually selling a couple hundred thousand copies [but] at the time you needed to sell even more."[16] He eventually did have a Caribbean honeymoon, where he scripted the wedding of Hank Pym and Janet Van Dyne in The Avengers #60 (Jan.1969).[17] Thomas, who had turned over X-Men to other writers, returned with issue #55 (April 1969) when the series was on the verge of cancellation.[18] While efforts to save it failed – the title ended its initial run with #66 – Thomas' collaboration with artist Neal Adams through #63 (Dec. 1969)[19] is regarded as a Silver Age creative highlight.[20] Thomas won the 1969 Alley Award that year for Best Writer, while Adams and inker Tom Palmer, netted 1969 Alley Awards for Best Pencil Artist and Best Inking Artist, respectively.

The Avengers #57 (Oct. 1968), debut of the Silver Age Vision, created by Thomas as a homage to the Golden Age original. Cover art by John Buscema.

Thomas and artist Barry Smith launched Conan the Barbarian in October 1970,[21] based on Robert E. Howard's 1930s pulp-fiction sword-and-sorcery character. Thomas, who stepped down from his editorship in August 1974, wrote hundreds of Conan stories in a host of Marvel comics and black-and-white magazines Savage Tales and The Savage Sword of Conan the Barbarian.[12] During that time, he and Smith also brought to comics Howard's little-known, sword-wielding woman-warrior Red Sonja, initially as a Conan supporting character. Comics historian Les Daniels noted that "Conan the Barbarian was something of a gamble for Marvel. The series contained the usual elements of action and fantasy, to be sure, but it was set in a past that had no relation to the Marvel Universe, and it featured a hero who possessed no magical powers, little humor and comparatively few moral principles."[22]

In 1971, with Stan Lee and Gerry Conway, Thomas created Man-Thing and wrote the first Man-Thing story in color comics, after Conway and Len Wein had introduced the character in the black-and-white comics magazine Savage Tales.[12] Later that year, Thomas wrote the "Kree-Skrull War" storyline in The Avengers which was drawn by Sal Buscema, Neal Adams, and John Buscema.[23][24][25] Thomas was the first person other than Stan Lee to receive a writer's credit for The Amazing Spider-Man,[26] and he and artist Ross Andru launched the Spider-Man spin-off title Marvel Team-Up in March 1972.[27]

Thomas co-created many other characters with Marvel artists. Among them are Ultron (including the fictional metal adamantium),[28][29] Carol Danvers,[30] Morbius the Living Vampire,[26] Doc Samson, Valkyrie, Werewolf by Night,[31] and Killraven.[32] Thomas also co-created several characters based on already existing characters, including the Vision,[33] Yellowjacket,[34] the Black Knight,[35] and Adam Warlock.[36]

Editor-in-chief

The following year, when Lee became Marvel's publisher, Thomas succeeded him as editor-in-chief. Thomas also continued to script mainstream titles, including Marvel's flagship, The Fantastic Four[37] He launched such new titles as the unusual "non-team" series The Defenders,[38][39] as well as What If, a title that explored alternate histories. In addition, he indulged his love of Golden Age comic-book heroes in the World War II-set superhero series The Invaders.[12][40] Thomas also helped create such new characters as the supernatural Brother Voodoo, the demonic, motorcycle-driving Ghost Rider,[41] and the superpowered martial artist Iron Fist.[42] He was instrumental in engineering Marvel's comic-book adaptation of the movie Star Wars, without which, 1980s editor Jim Shooter believed, "[W]e would have gone out of business".[43] In 1975, Thomas wrote the first joint publishing venture between Marvel and DC Comics – a 72-page Wizard of Oz movie adaptation in an oversized "Treasury Edition" format with art by John Buscema.[12][44] He and Buscema crafted a comics adaptation of Tarzan for Marvel in June 1977.[45]

DC Comics

In 1981, after several years of freelancing for Marvel and a dispute with then editor-in-chief Jim Shooter, Thomas signed a three-year exclusivity writing/editing contract with DC. He marked his return to DC with a two-part Green Lantern story in Green Lantern #138–139 (March–April 1981), and briefly wrote Batman,[46][47] DC Comics Presents, and the Legion of Super-Heroes.[12] DC gave Thomas' work a promotional push by featuring several of his series in free, 16-page insert previews.[48][49][50][51]

Thomas married his second wife Danette Couto in May 1981.[52] Danette legally changed her first name to Dann[53] and would become Roy's regular writing partner. Thomas credits her with the original idea for the Arak, Son of Thunder series drawn by Ernie Colón.[54] Writer Gerry Conway would also be a frequent collaborator with Thomas; together they wrote a two-part Superman-Captain Marvel team-up in DC Comics Presents; a series of Atari Force and Swordquest mini-comics packaged with Atari 2600 video games; and three Justice League-Justice Society crossovers.[12][55][56] Conway also contributed ideas to the funny animal comic Captain Carrot and His Amazing Zoo Crew!, created by Thomas and Scott Shaw.[12][57] Thomas and Conway were to be the co-writers of the JLA/Avengers intercompany crossover[58] but editorial disputes between DC and Marvel caused the project's cancellation.[59] As a solo writer, Roy Thomas wrote Wonder Woman and, with artist Gene Colan, updated the character's costume and introduced a new supervillainess, the Silver Swan.[12] His final work on the series, issue #300 (Feb. 1983), was co-written with Dann Thomas,[60] who, as Roy Thomas noted in 1999 "became the first woman ever to receive scripting credit on the world's foremost super-heroine."[53]

Thomas realized a childhood dream in writing the Justice Society of America (JSA). Reviving the Golden Age group in Justice League of America #193 and continuing in All-Star Squadron,[61] he wrote retro adventures, like those of The Invaders, set in World War II. In addition to the JSA's high-profile heroes, Thomas revived such characters as Liberty Belle, Johnny Quick, the Shining Knight, Robotman, Firebrand, the Tarantula, and Neptune Perkins.[12] He used the series to address the complicated and sometimes contradictory continuity issues surrounding the JSA.[62]

In 1983, Thomas and artist Jerry Ordway created Infinity, Inc., a group composed of the JSA's children. The characters debuted in All-Star Squadron #25 (Sept. 1983)[63] and were launched in their own series in March 1984.[64] Thomas wrote several limited series for DC including America vs. the Justice Society,[65] Jonni Thunder a.k.a. Thunderbolt, Shazam! The New Beginning, and Crimson Avenger. From 1986 to 1988, Thomas contributed to the Secret Origins series[66] and wrote most of the stories involving the Golden Age characters including Superman and Batman.[67] In 1986, DC decided to write off the JSA from active continuity. A one-shot issue titled The Last Days of the Justice Society involved most of the JSA battling the forces of evil while merged with the Norse gods in an ever-repeating Ragnarok-like Limbo was written by Thomas, with art by David Ross.[68] Young All-Stars replaced All-Star Squadron following the changes to DC's continuity brought about by the Crisis on Infinite Earths limited series. Thomas's last major project for DC was an adaptation of Richard Wagner's Ring cycle drawn by Gil Kane and published in 1989–1990. Since then, Thomas has written a trio of Elseworlds one-shots combining DC characters with classic cinema and literature: Superman's Metropolis, Superman: War of the Worlds, and JLA: The Island of Dr. Moreau.[12]

Later career

Thomas and Gerry Conway collaborated on the screenplays for two movies: the animated feature Fire and Ice (1983) and Conan the Destroyer (1984).[69] In that latter year, Shooter wrote in 2011, Thomas sent him a letter on May 14 in which he hoped

...to let bygones be bygones, and if possible, to avoid adverse comment on Marvel and its policies. I've even long regretted the fact that your elevation to the position of editor-in-chief, in which you've obviously done a fine job, came at a time after I'd moved to the West Coast. Perhaps if we'd had more personal communication from 1977 to 1980, we could have come to some sort of agreement at that time or at least parted under more amicable circumstances. I leave it to you to decide if we should ever make any attempt to rectify that situation; certainly I've never been a grudge-carrier in other cases....[70]

By 1986, Thomas had begun writing for Marvel's New Universe line, beginning with Spitfire and the Troubleshooters #5 (Feb. 1987). He then embarked on a multi-issue run of Nightmask, co-scripted by his wife Dann Thomas. He went on to script titles starring Doctor Strange, Thor, the Avengers West Coast, and Conan, often co-scripting with Dann Thomas or Jean-Marc Lofficier.[12]

During the following decade, Thomas began working less for Marvel and DC than for independent companies. He wrote issues of the TV-series tie-ins Xena: Warrior Princess and Hercules: The Legendary Journeys for Topps Comics.[12] Additionally, he began writing more for other media, including television, and relaunched Alter Ego as a formal magazine published by TwoMorrows Publishing in 1999. In 2005, he earned a Master's degree in Humanities from California State University.[1]

With Marvel's four-issue miniseries Stoker's Dracula (Oct. 2004 – May 2005), Thomas and artist Benito Gallego, about World War II superheroes in an alternate reality, began publication by Heroic Publishing in January 2006. Thomas returned to Red Sonja in 2006, writing the one-shot Red Sonja: Monster Isle for Dynamite Entertainment. In 2007 Thomas wrote a Black Knight story for the four-issue miniseries Mystic Arcana.[12][72] In 2012 he teamed with artists Mike Hawthorne and Dan Panosian on Dark Horse's Conan:The Road of Kings, which lasted 12 issues. In 2014, he wrote 75 Years of Marvel: From the Golden Age to the Silver Screen for Taschen, a 700 page hardcover history of Marvel Comics.[73][74]

He serves on the Disbursement Committee of the comic-book industry charity The Hero Initiative.[75]

Awards

  • 1969: Alley Award for Best Writer[76]
  • 1971: Shazam Award for Best Writer (Dramatic Division)[77]
  • 1973: Shazam Award for Best Individual Story ("Song of Red Sonja", with artist Barry Smith, in Conan the Barbarian #24)[78]
  • 1974: Shazam for Superior Achievement by an Individual[79]
  • 1974: Angoulême International Comics Festival Award for Best Foreign Author
  • 1974: Inkpot Award[80]
  • 1977: Favourite Comicbook Writer at the Eagle Awards[81]
  • 1977: Nomination: Favourite Single Comicbook Story at the Eagle Awards for Fantastic Four #176: "Improbable as It May Seem the Impossible Man is Back in Town" with penciler [81]
  • 1978: Nomination: Favourite Writer at the Eagle Awards[82]
  • 1978: Nomination: Favourite Continued Story at the Eagle Awards for Star Wars #1–6 with Howard Chaykin[82]
  • 1979: Nomination: Best Comic Book Writer (US) at the Eagle Awards[83]
  • 1979: Nomination: Best Continued Story at the Eagle Awards for Thor #272–278 with John Buscema[83]
  • 1980: Roll of Honour at the Eagle Awards[84]
  • 1985: Named as one of the honorees by DC Comics in the company's 50th anniversary publication Fifty Who Made DC Great.[85]
  • 1996: Author That We Loved at the Haxtur Awards[86]
  • 2011: Will Eisner Comic Book Hall of Fame[87]

References

  1. ^ a b c "Roy Thomas Checklist" Alter Ego Vol. 3 #50 (July 2005) p. 16
  2. ^ Comics Buyer's Guide #1636 (December 2007) p. 135
  3. ^ a b Thomas in Currie, Dave. "Roy Thomas". Comic Creators in Conversation. Archived from the original on January 22, 2015. Retrieved January 22, 2015. 
  4. ^ The Avengers Annual #1 (1967), biographical text page
  5. ^ a b c d "Interview with Roy Thomas".  
  6. ^ Roy Thomas interview (July 2005). "'Roy the Boy' in the Marvel Age of Comics".  
  7. ^ " 'Roy the Boy' in the Marvel Age of Comics", pp. 4–5
  8. ^ "Stan the Man & Roy the Boy: A Conversation Between Stan Lee and Roy Thomas".  
  9. ^ a b Thomas, The Comics Journal #61, p. 80
  10. ^ Alter Ego vol. 3, #50, p. 8
  11. ^  
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Roy Thomas at the Grand Comics Database
  13. ^ Alter Ego vol. 3, #50, pp. 9–10
  14. ^ Thomas, The Comics Journal #61, p. 78
  15. ^ Alter Ego vol. 3, #50, p. 37
  16. ^ Thomas (interviewer) in "So You Want a Job, Eh? The Gene Colan Interview", Alter Ego vol. 3, #6 (Autumn 2000) pp. 13–14
  17. ^ Marvel Bullpen Bulletins page, "Brilliant Bits of Block-Busting Bombast Straight from your Blushin' Bullpen!" in Marvel Comics cover-dated March 1969, including The Incredible Hulk vol. 2, #113
  18. ^   Additional WebCitation archive.
  19. ^ Schumer, Arlen (Winter 1999). "Neal Adams: The Marvel Years".  
  20. ^ For example: Hill, Shawn, v4" (review)Essential Avengers", Comics Bulletin, February 15, 2006, re: the "Kree-Skrull War" arc: "This story set the standard for years to come, even if it has since been surpassed" (WebCitation archive); and Sanderson, Peter. Marvel Universe (Harry N. Abrams, 1998) ISBN 0-8109-8171-8, ISBN 978-0-8109-8171-3, p. 127: "Running nine issues, much of it spectacularly illustrated by Neal Adams, the Kree-Skrull War had no precedent in comics.... With this story The Avengers unquestionably established its reputation as one of Marvel's leading books"; and Stiles, re: X-Men: "Even knowing that the book was slated for the axe, Adams poured out some of the finest, most innovative work of his career".
  21. ^ Sanderson, Peter "1970s" in Gilbert (2008), p. 146: ""Writer Roy Thomas and British artist Barry Smith (later known as Barry Windsor-Smith) launched Marvel's sword-and-sorcery comics with Conan the Barbarian, in a series that ran for 275 issues."
  22. ^  
  23. ^ Thomas, Roy; Buscema, Sal;  
  24. ^ Daniels p. 150: "This wild tale...attempted to tie together more than thirty years of the company's stories...More than any previous work, 'The Kree-Skrull War' solidified the idea that every comic book Marvel had ever published was part of an endless, ongoing saga."
  25. ^ Sanderson "1970s" in Gilbert (2008), p. 150: "Unprecedented in Marvel history, this epic spanned nine issues of The Avengers. The saga began in The Avengers #89."
  26. ^ a b Manning, Matthew K.; Gilbert, Laura, ed. (2012). "1970s". Spider-Man Chronicle Celebrating 50 Years of Web-Slinging.  
  27. ^ Manning "1970s" in Gilbert (2012), p. 60: "Spider-Man was a proven hit, so Marvel decided to expand the wall-crawler's horizons with a new Spider-Man title...Its first issue featured Spidey teaming up with the Human Torch against the Sandman in a Christmas tale written by Roy Thomas with art by Ross Andru."
  28. ^ DeFalco "1960s" in Gilbert (2008), p. 131: "A precursor of the unstoppable robot in the Terminator films, Ultron sprang from the minds of writer Roy Thomas and artist John Buscema."
  29. ^ Walker, Karen (February 2010). "Ultron: The Black Sheep of the Avengers Family".  
  30. ^ Sanderson "1970s" in Gilbert (2008), p. 178: "Danvers first appeared in March 1968, as a NASA security chief in the Captain Mar-Vell story in Marvel Super-Heroes #13, and was originally created by writer Roy Thomas and artist Gene Colan."
  31. ^ Sanderson "1970s" in Gilbert (2008), p. 154: ""Roy Thomas came up with the idea for a series called 'I, Werewolf', narrated in the first person by a teenager who transformed into a werewolf. Stan Lee liked the concept but decided to name it 'Werewolf by Night'. The initial creative team on the series was scripter Gerry Conway and artist Mike Ploog."
  32. ^ Sanderson "1970s" in Gilbert (2008), p. 159: "Roy Thomas conceived the initial idea of an alternate-future Earth sequel to H. G. Wells' classic science fiction novel The War of the Worlds...Neal Adams plotted the first story with a script by Gerry Conway and art by Adams and Howard Chaykin."
  33. ^ DeFalco "1960s" in Gilbert (2008), p. 132: "The updated Vision was created by writer Roy Thomas, who continued his trick of taking a name that Marvel already owned and creating a new super hero around it...The new Vision, drawn by John Buscema, was a synthozoid – an android with synthetic human organs."
  34. ^ DeFalco "1960s" in Gilbert (2008), p. 133
  35. ^ DeFalco "1960s" in Gilbert (2008), p. 128: "[Thomas] often employed a name that Marvel already owned and built a new character around it. Such was the case with the Black Knight."
  36. ^ Sanderson "1970s" in Gilbert (2008), p. 155
  37. ^ Sanderson "1970s" in Gilbert (2008), p. 157: "September [1972] witnessed a new generation taking command at Marvel Comics. Roy Thomas not only became writer of 'The World's Greatest Comic Magazine' with Fantastic Four #126, but also simultaneously became Marvel's Editor-in-Chief."
  38. ^ Sanderson "1970s" in Gilbert (2008), p. 151: "[Roy] Thomas and artist Ross Andru reunited [Doctor] Strange, the Hulk, and Namor as a brand new Marvel superhero team – the Defenders."
  39. ^ DeAngelo, Daniel (July 2013). "The Not-Ready-For-Super-Team Players A History of the Defenders".  
  40. ^ Sanderson "1970s" in Gilbert (2008), p. 170: "In 1975, Thomas and adventure comic strip artist Frank Robbins created the Invaders."
  41. ^ Sanderson "1970s" in Gilbert (2008), p. 156: "Co-created by editor Roy Thomas, writer Gary Friedrich, and artist Mike Ploog, the new Ghost Rider was Johnny Blaze, a motorcycle stunt performer."
  42. ^ Sanderson "1970s" in Gilbert (2008), p. 165: "Marvel combined the superhero and martial arts genres when writer Roy Thomas and artist Gil Kane created Iron Fist in Marvel Premiere #15."
  43. ^ "Jim Shooter Interview, Part 1". ComicBookResources.com. October 6, 2000. Archived from the original on October 17, 2010. We had been losing money for several years in the publishing. And y'know, actually a lot of credit should go to Roy Thomas, who – kicking and screaming —had dragged Marvel into doing Star Wars. If we hadn't done Star Wars – what was that, '77? – well, we would have gone out of business.  Additional WebCitation archive.
  44. ^ McAvennie, Michael; Dolan, Hannah, ed. (2010). "1970s". DC Comics Year By Year A Visual Chronicle.  
  45. ^ Sanderson "1970s" in Gilbert (2008), p. 179: "Writer Roy Thomas and artist John Buscema created Marvel's new Tarzan series, based on author Edgar Rice Burroughs' character."
  46. ^ Manning, Matthew K.; Dougall, Alastair, ed. (2014). "1980s". Batman: A Visual History.  
  47. ^ Manning "1980s" in Dougall, p. 139: Batman #340 "Writers Gerry Conway and Roy Thomas collaborated with artist Gene Colan for the dramatic return of the Mole, an old Batman villain given a serious upgrade."
  48. ^  
  49. ^ Catron, Michael (June 1981). "Thomas's Indian/Viking to Roam Medieval Europe". Amazing Heroes (Fantagraphics Books) (1): 28–30. Arak, Son of Thunder, described as an 'Indian/Viking,' makes his debut in a preview insert in Warlord #48, on sale in May. 
  50. ^  
  51. ^ Manning, Matthew K. "1980s" in Dolan, p. 196: "The New Teen Titans #16 – In a sixteen-page bonus preview insert in the middle of The New Teen Titans...was the debut story of Captain Carrot and his Amazing Zoo Crew."
  52. ^ Catron, Michael (August 1981). "Personal Notes". Amazing Heroes (Fantagraphics Books) (3): 23. 
  53. ^ a b Thomas, Roy "The Secret Origins of Infinity, Inc." Alter Ego Vol. 3 #1 (Summer 1999) TwoMorrows Publishing p. 27
  54. ^ Thomas, Roy "Roy Thomas Checklist" Alter Ego (Vol. 3) #50 (July 2005) TwoMorrows Publishing p. 23
  55. ^ Thomas, Roy. "The Justice League-Justice Society Team-Ups" The All-Star Companion TwoMorrows Publishing 2000 ISBN 1-893905-05-5 pp. 191–192
  56. ^ Thomas, Roy "Crisis on Finite Earths The Justice League-Justice Society Team-Ups (1963–1985)" Alter Ego, vol. 3, #7 (Winter 2001) TwoMorrows Publishing, pp. 31–34
  57. ^ Shaw, Scott "Captain Carrot and His Amazing Zoo Crew! Vol. 1, No. 1", OddBallComics.com #1180, October 8, 2007
  58. ^ George Pérez interview, David Anthony Kraft's Comics Interview #6 (Fictioneer, Aug. 1983).
  59. ^ O'Neill, Patrick Daniel. "Career Moves" (Pérez interview), Wizard Magazine #35 (July 1994).
  60. ^ Manning "1980s" in Dolan, p. 200: "The Amazing Amazon was joined by a host of DC's greatest heroes to celebrate her 300th issue in a seventy-two-page blockbuster...Written by Roy and Dann Thomas, and penciled by Gene Colan, Ross Andru, Jan Duursema, Dick Giordano, Keith Pollard, Keith Giffen, and Rich Buckler."
  61. ^ Manning "1980s" in Dolan, p. 195: "The creative team of writer Roy Thomas and artist Rich Buckler on All-Star Squadron offered readers a nostalgic glimpse back in time, albeit through the slightly distorted lens of Earth-2's history."
  62. ^ "One of Thomas's goals is to resolve problems in past Earth-2 continuity." as noted in "From Here to Infinity" Sanderson, Peter Amazing Heroes #36 (December 1, 1983) p. 47
  63. ^ Manning "1980s" in Dolan, p. 203: "The children of the original Justice Society of America made their smash debut in this issue by writer Roy Thomas and penciler Jerry Ordway...All-Star Squadron #25 marked the first appearances of future cult-favorite heroes Jade, Obsidian, Fury, Brainwave Jr., the Silver Scarab, Northwind, and Nuklon."
  64. ^ Manning "1980s" in Dolan, p. 207: "Written by DC's Golden Age guru Roy Thomas and drawn by Jerry Ordway, Infinity, Inc. was released in DC's new deluxe format on bright Baxter paper."
  65. ^ Manning "1980s" in Dolan, p. 212: "In this limited series by writer Roy Thomas and penciler Rafael Kayanan, the JSA was taken to trial following a modern-day witchhunt."
  66. ^ Manning "1980s" in Dolan, p. 218: "The heroes of the DC Universe got a little more exposed thanks to the new ongoing effort Secret Origins, a title offering new interpretations to the backgrounds of some of comics' biggest icons. [Its] debut issue featur[ed] the origin of the first true super-hero – the Golden Age Superman – by writer Roy Thomas and illustrator Wayne Boring."
  67. ^ Manning "1980s" in Dougall, p. 162: "Earth-Two Batman's history was chronicled by writer Roy Thomas and artist Marshall Rogers."
  68. ^ Manning "1980s" in Dolan, p. 221: "The world's first super-team saw its adventures come to a temporary end thanks to its biggest fan. Writer/editor Roy Thomas acknowledged that, after...the Crisis maxiseries, the JSA seemed no longer relevant."
  69. ^ "Roy Thomas Checklist" p. 17
  70. ^  
  71. ^ Weiland, Jonah (September 30, 2004). "Stoker's Dracula"30 Years of Horror: Editor Beazley talks the return of . ComicBookResources.com. Archived from the original on September 5, 2011. Retrieved September 5, 2011. 
  72. ^ Smith, Zack (February 24, 2007). "Mystic Arcana"NYCC '07/D2: Marvel Magic Gets Spotlight in .  
  73. ^ Wilson, Matt D. (July 9, 2014). "75 Years Of Marvel Comics"Roy Thomas And Taschen Drop 700-Page Hardcover Celebrating .  
  74. ^ Melrose, Kevin (July 8, 2014). "75 Years of Marvel"Taschen and Roy Thomas chronicle . Comic Book Resources. Archived from the original on September 25, 2014. 
  75. ^ "Hero Initiative Board Members Disbursement Committee".  
  76. ^ "1969 Alley Awards". Hahn Library Comic Book Awards Almanac. n.d. Archived from the original on September 10, 2015. 
  77. ^ "1971 Academy of Comic Book Arts Awards". Hahn Library Comic Book Awards Almanac. n.d. Archived from the original on September 5, 2015. 
  78. ^ "1973 Academy of Comic Book Arts Awards". Hahn Library Comic Book Awards Almanac. n.d. Archived from the original on September 8, 2015. 
  79. ^ "1974 Academy of Comic Book Arts Awards". Hahn Library Comic Book Awards Almanac. n.d. Archived from the original on September 5, 2015. 
  80. ^ "Inkpot Award Winners". Hahn Library Comic Book Awards Almanac. Archived from the original on July 9, 2012. 
  81. ^ a b "Eagle Awards Previous Winners 1977".  
  82. ^ a b "Eagle Awards Previous Winners 1978". Eagle Awards. 2013. Archived from the original on October 23, 2013. Retrieved November 3, 2013. 
  83. ^ a b "Eagle Awards Previous Winners 1979". Eagle Awards. 2013. Archived from the original on October 23, 2013. Retrieved November 3, 2013. 
  84. ^ "Eagle Awards Previous Winners 1980". Eagle Awards. 1980. Archived from the original on October 23, 2013. Retrieved November 3, 2013. 
  85. ^ Marx, Barry, Cavalieri, Joey and Hill, Thomas (w), Petruccio, Steven (a), Marx, Barry (ed). "Roy Thomas From Fan to Professional" Fifty Who Made DC Great: 33 (1985), DC Comics
  86. ^ "1996 Haxtur Awards". Hahn Library Comic Book Awards Almanac. n.d. Archived from the original on May 14, 2015. 
  87. ^ "2010s Eisner Award Recipients".  

External links

  • Roy Thomas at the Comic Book DB
  • Roy Thomas at Mike's Amazing World of Comics
  • Roy Thomas at the Internet Movie Database
  • Roy Thomas at the Unofficial Handbook of Marvel Comics Creators
  • Roy Thomas interview (May 2001). "Son of Stan: Roy's Years of Horror — Marvel's Editor-in-Chief discusses the '70s macabre mags".   Additional WebCitation archive.
Preceded by
Stan Lee
Marvel Comics Editor-in-Chief
1972–1974
Succeeded by
Len Wein
Preceded by
Stan Lee
(Uncanny) X-Men writer
1966–1968
Succeeded by
Gary Friedrich
Preceded by
Stan Lee
The Avengers writer
1966–1972
Succeeded by
Steve Englehart
Preceded by
Arnold Drake
(Uncanny) X-Men writer
1969–1970
Succeeded by
Chris Claremont
Preceded by
Stan Lee
Daredevil writer
1969–1970
Succeeded by
Gerry Conway
Preceded by
Stan Lee
The Incredible Hulk writer
1970–1972
Succeeded by
Archie Goodwin
Preceded by
n/a
Conan the Barbarian writer
1970–1980
Succeeded by
J. M. DeMatteis
Preceded by
Stan Lee
The Amazing Spider-Man writer
1971–1972
Succeeded by
Stan Lee
Preceded by
Len Wein
Man-Thing writer
1972
Succeeded by
Gerry Conway
Preceded by
Stan Lee
Fantastic Four writer
1972–1973
Succeeded by
Gerry Conway
Preceded by
Steve Englehart
The Incredible Hulk writer
(with Gerry Conway)

1974
Succeeded by
Len Wein
Preceded by
Gerry Conway
Fantastic Four writer
1975–1977
Succeeded by
Len Wein
Preceded by
Jack Kirby
Captain America writer
1977
Succeeded by
Don Glut
Preceded by
n/a
What If...? writer
1977
Succeeded by
Don Glut
Preceded by
Len Wein
Thor writer
1978–1980
Succeeded by
Mark Gruenwald and Ralph Macchio
Preceded by
Ron Marz
Thor writer
1994–1995
Succeeded by
Warren Ellis
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