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Samuel Hooper

Samuel Hooper
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Massachusetts's 5th & 4th district
In office
December 2, 1861 – February 14, 1875
Preceded by William Appleton
Alexander H. Rice
Succeeded by John B. Alley
Josiah G. Abbott
Personal details
Born (1808-02-03)February 3, 1808
Marblehead, Massachusetts, US
Died February 14, 1875(1875-02-14) (aged 67)
Washington, D.C., US
Political party Republican
Profession Politician, Agent, Importer

Samuel Hooper (February 3, 1808 – February 14, 1875) was a businessman and member of congress from Massachusetts.

Early life

Hooper was born in Marblehead, Massachusetts. His father, Robert Hooper, was a shipping merchant and later served as president of the Grand Bank of Marblehead.[1] After a common school education, Hooper traveled aboard his father's shipping vessels as supercargo. He is known to have visited Cuba, Russia, and Spain.[2]

In 1832 Hooper married Ann Sturgis, daughter of William F. Sturgis, and he became a junior partner in the Boston firm of Bryant and Sturgis, merchants in the California hide trade, trade with the Pacific Northwest, and trade with China.

William Appleton and Company

In 1841 Hooper partnered with counting house owner and merchant shipper William Appleton to form William Appleton and Company. Soon the firm was engaged in the California hide trade, trade with the Pacific Northwest, and trade with China. The firm acquired additional partners in 1851 when Appleton joined the Massachusetts congressional deligation.[3]

Samuel Hooper and Company

In 1859 Appleton retired from William Appleton and Company. Hooper reorganized the firm with partner Franklin Gordon Dexter, and they adopted the name Samuel Hooper and Company. The firm continued operations after Hooper's death.[3]

Political career

Hooper was elected to the Massachusetts House of Representatives, serving from 1851 to 1853. He later served in the Massachusetts Senate in 1858.

Upon the resignation of his friend and former partner, Congressman William Appleton from the United States House of Representatives, Hooper was elected to fill the seat, representing Massachusetts's fifth district in the 37th Congress.

He was reelected to the following six congresses representing Massachusetts's fourth district and served as chairman of the Committee on Ways and Means 1869 to 1871, of the Committee on Banking and Currency 1871 to 1873 and of the Committee on Coinage, Weights and Measures 1871 to 1875.

Samuel Hooper

From 1861 to 1862, his home in Washington D.C. was the headquarters of General 44th Congress and died less than a month before completion of his final term.[4]

Hooper was briefly the father-in-law of Charles Sumner, a powerful senator from Massachusetts. Sumner had married Hooper's daughter, Alice Mason Hooper, but they divorced after a short marriage.


In 1865 Hooper founded the Hooper School of Mining and Practical Geology at Harvard University with an endowment of $50,000. The gift also established the Sturgis Hooper Professorship in Geology. Named in honor of Hooper's deceased son Sturgis, the professorship received an additional endowment of $30,000 from Hooper's widow in 1881.[5]


  • Currency or money: its nature and uses and the effects of the circulation of bank-notes for currency (1855)
  • An Examination of the Theory and the Effect of Laws Regulating the Amount of Specie in Banks (1860)
  • A defence of the merchants of Boston against aspersions of the Hon. John Z. Goodrich, ex-collector of customs (1866)

Hooper, Nebraska

Samuel Hooper is the namesake of the city of Hooper, Nebraska.[6][7]


He was interred in Oak Hill Cemetery in 1875.


  1. ^ The bank was chartered in 1831 and occupied a building on Hooper Street in Marblehead. "The National Grand Bank … A Brief History …". Retrieved September 5, 2014. 
  2. ^ Brown, John Howard (1901). Lamb's biographical dictionary of the United States. Boston, Massachusetts: James H. Lamb. 
  3. ^ a b William Appleton and Company records, 1813-1889, Baker Library Historical Collections: Harvard Business School 
  4. ^ Samuel Hooper Collection, Special Collections Research Center: Syracuse University Libraries 
  5. ^ Harvard University Bulletin 2. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University. 1881. pp. 301–302. 
  6. ^ "Profile for Hooper, NE".  
  7. ^ Fitzpatrick, Lillian L. (1960). Nebraska Place-Names. University of Nebraska Press. p. 54.  A 1925 edition is available for download at University of Nebraska—Lincoln Digital Commons.

External links

United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
William Appleton
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Massachusetts's 5th congressional district

December 2, 1861 – March 3, 1863
Succeeded by
John B. Alley
Preceded by
Alexander H. Rice
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Massachusetts's 4th congressional district

March 4, 1863 – February 14, 1875
Succeeded by
Josiah G. Abbott
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