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Sana'a manuscript

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Sana'a manuscript

Recto side of the Stanford '07 folio. The upper text covers Quran 2 (al-Baqarah).265-271.
The lower text of the above folio, recovered through X-Ray Fluorescence Imaging at Stanford University. The lower text covers Quran 2 (al-Baqarah).191-196.
Transcription of the above lower text image (Quran 2 (al-Baqarah).191-196), according to Sadeghi & Goudarzi's edition.

The Sana'a palimpsest, dubbed Ṣanʿā’ 1, is one of the oldest Quranic manuscripts in existence.[1] It was found, along with many other Quranic and non-Quranic fragments, in Yemen in 1972 during restoration of the Great Mosque of Sana'a. The manuscript is written on parchment, and comprises two layers of text (see palimpsest). The upper text conforms to the standard 'Uthmanic Quran, whereas the lower text contains many variants to the standard text. An edition of the lower text was published in 2012.[2] A radiocarbon analysis has dated the parchment containing the lower text to before 671 AD with a 99% accuracy.[3]

Discovery

In 1972, construction workers renovating a wall in the attic of the Great Mosque of Sana'a in Yemen came across large quantities of old manuscripts and parchments, many of which were deteriorated. Not realizing their significance, the workers gathered up the documents, packed them away into some twenty potato sacks, and left them on the staircase of one of the mosque's minarets.[4]

Qadhi Isma'il al-Akwa', then the president of the Yemeni Antiquities Authority, realized the potential importance of the find. Al-Akwa' sought international assistance in examining and preserving the fragments, and in 1979 managed to interest a visiting German scholar, who in turn persuaded the [4] The preserved fragments comprise Quranic and non-Quranic material.[5]

Restoration project

Restoration of the fragments began in 1980 under the supervision of the Yemeni Department for Antiquities. It was funded by the Cultural Section of the German Foreign Ministry.[2] The find includes 12,000 Quranic parchment fragments. All of them, except 1500–2000 fragments, were assigned to 926 distinct Quranic manuscripts as of 1997. None is complete and many contain only a few folios apiece.[2] "Albrecht Noth (University of Hamburg) was the director of the project. Work on the ground began in 1981 and continued through the end of 1989, when the project terminated with the end of funding. Gerd R. Puin (University of Saarland) was the local director beginning with 1981. His involvement came to an end in 1985, when Hans-Caspar Graf von Bothmer (University of Saarland) took over as the local director. Bothmer left Ṣan'ā' in the following year, but continued to run the project from Germany, traveling to the site almost every year.

Beginning in 1982, Ursula Dreibholz served as the conservator for this project, and worked full time in Ṣan'ā' until the end of 1989. She completed the restoration of the manuscripts. She also designed the permanent storage, collated many parchment fragments to identify distinct Quranic manuscripts, and directed the Yemeni staff in the same task. The manuscripts are located in the House of Manuscripts, the Dār al-Makhṭūṭāt (DAM), in Ṣan'ā', Yemen. After 1989, Bothmer would visit the collection periodically. In the winter of 1996–7, he microfilmed all of the parchment fragments that have been assigned to distinct Quranic manuscripts. Of the remaining 1500–2000 fragments, he microfilmed a group of 280. The microfilms are available in Ṣan'ā' in the House of Manuscripts."[2]

About the manuscript

The Sana'a palimpsest is one of the most important manuscripts of the collection in the world. This palimpsest has two layers of text, both of which are Quranic and written in the Hijazi script. While the upper text is almost identical with the modern Qurans in use (with the exception of spelling variants), the lower text contains significant diversions from the standard text. For example, in sura 2, verse 87, the lower text has wa-qaffaynā 'alā āthārihi whereas the standard text has wa-qaffaynā min ba'dihi (see the "Variants" section below for a selected list).[2] Such variants are similar to the ones reported for the Quran codices of Companions such as Ibn Mas'ud and Ubayy b. Ka'b. However, variants occur much more frequently in the Sana'a codex, which contains "by a rough estimate perhaps twenty-five times as many [as Ibn Mas'ud's reported variants]".[6]

As can be seen in the sample page from Sadeghi and Goudarzi's edition, the lower text has no vowel marks and rarely uses diacritical marks for distinguishing consonants. The lower text was erased and written over, but due to the presence of metals in the ink, the lower text has resurfaced, and now appears in a light brown color.[7] A number of reasons may have led to erasure of the lower text: some pages of the codex may have been destroyed or worn out, thereby requiring the production of a new codex, for which the already available parchment was used. (This was a common practice in ancient times. When enough of a manuscript's writing wore off—ink does not bond to parchment like it does to paper—all of the writing was washed off to make the expensive parchment usable for a new text. This was an ancient way of recycling.) Alternatively, the standardization of the Quranic text by 'Uthmān may have led to the non-standard lower text becoming obsolete, and thereby erased.[8] The parchment upon which the lower codex is written has been radiocarbon dated with 99% accuracy to before 671 AD, with a 95.5% probability of being older than 661 AD and 75% probability from before 646 AD.[1]

The manuscript is not complete. About 80 folios are known to exist: 36 in Yemen’s Dār al-Makhṭūṭāt (House of Manuscripts),[2] 4 in private collections (after being auctioned abroad),[7] and 40 in the Eastern Library of the Grand Mosque in Sana’a.[9] Many of the folios in the House of Manuscripts are physically incomplete (perhaps due to damage),[10] whereas those in private possession[7] or held by the Eastern Library are all complete.[9] These 80 folios comprise roughly half of the Quran.

The lower text of the folios in the House of Manuscripts and those auctioned abroad were published in March 2012, in a long essay by Behnam Sadeghi (Professor of Islamic Studies at Stanford University) and Mohsen Goudarzi (PhD student at Harvard University).[2] Prior to that, in 2010, Behnam Sadeghi had published an extensive study of the four folios auctioned abroad, and analyzed their variants using textual critical methods.[7] The German scholar Elisabeth Puin (lecturer at Saarland University), whose husband was the local director of the restoration project until 1985, has also transcribed the lower text of several folios in five successive publications.[11][12][13][14] The lower text of the folios in the Eastern Library has not been published yet.

Variants

The lower text of the Sana'a palimpsest frequently differs from the standard text of the Quran, although only "a small fraction of the variants do make a difference in meaning." [15] The below table presents some variants, based on the lower text edition provided by Sadeghi and Goudarzi:[16]

Location Visible Traces Reconstruction Standard Text
Quran 2 (al-Baqarah).191
Stanford folio, recto, l. 4, p. 44
ﺣ/ / ٮٯٮـ(ـلو) کم حَتّی يُقـٰتِلوکُم حَتَّىٰ يُقَـٰتِلُوكُمْ فِيهِ
Quran 2 (al-Baqarah).191
Stanford folio, recto, l. 5, p. 44
د لک جز ا ا لکڡر ٮں ذَٰلِکَ جَزاءُ الکـٰفِرينَ كـذَٰلِكَ جَزَآءُ ٱلْكَـٰفِرِينَ
Quran 2 (al-Baqarah).192
Stanford folio, recto, l. 5, p. 44
ا نتـ(ﻬ)ـﻮ إنتَهَو انتَهَوا
Quran 2 (al-Baqarah).193
Stanford folio, recto, l. 6, p. 44
حتا حَتّا حَتّی
Quran 2 (al-Baqarah).193
Stanford folio, recto, l. 7, p. 44
و ٮکو ں ا لد ٮں کله ﻟ[ﻠ]ﻪ و يَكُونَ الدِّينُ كُلُّهُ لِلَّـهِ وَيَكُونَ ٱلدِّينُ لِلَّـهِ
Quran 2 (al-Baqarah).194
Stanford folio, recto, l. 10, p. 44
و من اعتدی وَ مَنِ اعتَدَی فَــمَنِ ٱعْتَدَى
Quran 2 (al-Baqarah).194
Stanford folio, recto, l. 11, p. 44
ڡا ﻋٮـ/ / و فاعتدو فَٱعْتَدُوا
Quran 2 (al-Baqarah).194
Stanford folio, recto, l. 11, p. 44
ما اعتد ی علٮكم ٮه مَا اعتَدَی عَلَيكُم بِه مَا ٱعْتَدَىٰ عَلَيْكُمْ
Quran 2 (al-Baqarah).196
Stanford folio, recto, l. 17, p. 44
ڡـﻤ// تٮسر مں ا لهد ی فَما تَيَسَّر مِن الهَدی فما استَيسَرَ مِنَ ٱلْهَدْىِ
Quran 2 (al-Baqarah).196
Stanford folio, recto, l. 17, p. 44
و لا تحلٯو ا وَلَا تَحلِقُوا وَلَا تَحْلِقُوا رُءُوسَكُمْ
Quran 2 (al-Baqarah).196
Stanford folio, recto, l. 18, p. 44
ڡا ﮞ كا ﮞ ا حد ﻣٮكم فَإن كان أحَدٌ مِنكُم فَمَن كَانَ مِنكُم
Quran 2 (al-Baqarah).196
Stanford folio, recto, l. 19, p. 45
ڡد ٮه فِديَةٌ فَـفِديَةٌ
Quran 2 (al-Baqarah).196
Stanford folio, recto, l. 20, p. 45
مں صٮم او نسک مِن صِيٰمٍ أَو نُسُكٍ مِن صِيَامٍ أَوْ صَدَقَةٍ أَوْ نُسُكٍ
Quran 2 (al-Baqarah).209
David 86/2003 folio, recto, l. 5, p. 46
مں [ٮـ]ﻌﺪ (ما ﺣ)ﺎ کم ا ﻟ(ﻬد) [ی]؛ مِّن بَعْدِ مَا جَآءَكُمُ ٱلْهُدَىٰ مِّن بَعْدِ مَا جَآءَتْكُمُ ٱلْبَيِّنَـٰتُ
Quran 2 (al-Baqarah).210
David 86/2003 folio, recto, l. 6, p. 46
هل ٮـ//ـﻄﺮ (و ﮞ) ا لا ا ﮞ (ٮـ)ﺎ ٮـ(ـٮـ)ﮑﻢ ا ﻟﻠﻪ هَلْ تَنظُرُونَ إِلَّا أَن يَأْتِيَكُمُ ٱللَّـهُ هَلْ يَنظُرُونَ إِلَّا أَن يَأْتِيَهُمُ ٱللَّـهُ
Quran 2 (al-Baqarah).211
David 86/2003 folio, recto, l. 9, p. 46
ا لعڡٮ ٱلْعِقٰبِ ٱلْعِقَابِ
Quran 2 (al-Baqarah).213
David 86/2003 folio, recto, l. 12, p. 46
ڡﺎ // (ﺳ)ـﻞ ا لـلـه فَــأَرسَلَ اللهُ فَـــبَعَثَ ٱللَّـهُ
Quran 2 (al-Baqarah).213
David 86/2003 folio, recto, l. 13, p. 46
ﻟ(ـٮـحکمو ا ٮـ)ـٮں ا لٮا س لِــيَحْكُمُوا بَيْنَ ٱلنَّاسِ لِــيَحْكُمَ بَيْنَ ٱلنَّاسِ
Quran 2 (al-Baqarah).213
David 86/2003 folio, recto, l. 15, p. 46
ا ﻟٮـ(ـٮـٮـ)ـٮت ٱلْبَيِّنَٮٰتُ ٱلْبَيِّنَـٰتُ بَغْيًا بَيْنَهُمْ
Quran 2 (al-Baqarah).214
David 86/2003 folio, recto, l. 17, p. 46
ا (ﺣﺴ)ـٮٮم أَ حَسِبْتُمْ أَمْ حَسِبْتُمْ
Quran 2 (al-Baqarah).214
David 86/2003 folio, recto, l. 17, p. 46
ا ﻟ[ـﺪ ٮں] (ﻣ)ـﮟ [ٯٮـ]ـلکم ٱلَّذِينَ مِن قَبْلِكُم ٱلَّذِينَ خَلَوْا۟ مِن قَبْلِكُم
Quran 2 (al-Baqarah).214
David 86/2003 folio, recto, l. 18, p. 47
ا لٮسا ٱلْبَٔسَاءُ ٱلْبَأْسَاءُ
Quran 2 (al-Baqarah).215
David 86/2003 folio, recto, l. 20, p. 47
ٮـ(ـسا) لو ٮک يَسْأَلُونَكَ يَسْـَٔلُونَكَ
Quran 2 (al-Baqarah).217
David 86/2003 folio, recto, l. 25, p. 47
عں ا ﻟ(ﺴ)ﻬﺮ ا لحر (م) [و] ﻋ(ـں) ٯٮل ڡـ[ـٮـ]ﻪ عَنِ ٱلشَّهْرِ ٱلْحَرٰمِ وَعَنْ قِتٰلٍ فِيهِ عَنِ ٱلشَّهْرِ ٱلْحَرَامِ قِتَالٍ فِيهِ
Quran 2 (al-Baqarah).217
David 86/2003 folio, recto, l. 26, p. 47
؛/--/ [و] (ﺻ)[ﺪ] عں /------/؛ وَصَدٌّ عَن سَبِيلِهِ[17] وَصَدٌّ عَن سَبِيلِ ٱللَّـهِ وَكُفْرٌۢ بِهِ
Quran 11 (Hūd).105
Folio 4, recto, l. 1, p. 51
ا (لا) مں ا {------}؛ إلّا مَن أَذِنَ لَه إِلَّا بِإِذْنِهِ
Quran 11 (Hūd).122
Folio 4, verso, l. 4, p. 52
ا / / (ﻣﻌ)[ﮑ]/ / {--------}؛ إِنَّا مَعَكُم مُنتَظِرُونَ إِنَّا مُنتَظِرُونَ
Quran 8 (al-Anfāl).2
Folio 4, verso, l. 12, p. 52
ڡـ(ﺮ) ٯـٮ ْفَرِقَت ْوَجِلَت
Quran 8 (al-Anfāl).2
Folio 4, verso, l. 13, p. 52
ا ٮـ(ـٮٮـ)ﺎ ءَايَـٰتُنا ءَايَـٰتُهُ
Quran 9 (al-Tawbah).122
Folio 22, recto, l. 3, p. 62
ما [كـ]ﺎ ﮞ مَا كَانَ وَمَا كَانَ
Quran 9 (al-Tawbah).122
Folio 22, recto, l. 4, p. 62
مں كل ا ﻣﻪ مِن كُلِّ أُمَّةٍ مِن كُلِّ فِرْقَةٍ
Quran 9 (al-Tawbah).124
Folio 22, recto, l. 9, p. 62
و ا د ا ا ٮر لٮ وَإِذَا أُنزِلَتْ وَإِذَا مَا أُنزِلَتْ
Quran 9 (al-Tawbah).125
Folio 22, recto, l. 12, p. 62
ڡی ٯلو ٮهم ر حس فِى قُلُوبِهِم رِجْسٌ فِى قُلُوبِهِم مَرَضٌ
Quran 9 (al-Tawbah).125
Folio 22, recto, l. 13, p. 62
ر حر ا ا لی ر ﺣﺴ[ﻬ]ـﻢ رِجزاً إِلَىٰ رِجْسِهِمْ رِجساً إِلَىٰ رِجْسِهِمْ
Quran 9 (al-Tawbah).125
Folio 22, recto, l. 13, p. 62
و ما ٮو ا و هم ڡـ(ـﺴٯـ)[ـﻮ] ﮞ وَمَاتُوا۟ وَهُمْ فَـٰسِقُونَ وَمَاتُوا۟ وَهُمْ كَـٰفِرُونَ
Quran 9 (al-Tawbah).126
Folio 22, recto, l. 13, p. 62
ا [و] / / ٮر و أَوَلَا يَرَوْ أَوَلَا يَرَوْنَ
Quran 9 (al-Tawbah).126
Folio 22, recto, l. 15, p. 62
و لا ٮـ(ـٮـ)ـﺪ كر و ﮞ وَلَا يَتَذَكَّرُونَ وَلَا هُمْ يَذَّكَّرُونَ
Quran 9 (al-Tawbah).127
Folio 22, recto, l. 15, p. 62
و ا د ا ا [ٮـ]ـﺮ (ﻟ)ـٮ وَإِذَا أُنزِلَتْ وَإِذَا مَا أُنزِلَتْ
Quran 9 (al-Tawbah).127
Folio 22, recto, l. 16, p. 62
هل ٮر ٮٮا هَلْ يَرَىٰنَا هَلْ يَرَىٰكُم
Quran 9 (al-Tawbah).127
Folio 22, recto, l. 17, p. 62
ڡا ٮـ[ـﺼ](ـﺮ) ڡـ(ـﻮ) ا فَـﭑنصَرَفُوا ثُمَّ انصَرَفُوا
Quran 9 (al-Tawbah).127
Folio 22, recto, l. 17, p. 62
ڡصر ڡ ا ﻟـﻠـﻪ فَــصَرَفَ اللهُ صَرَفَ ٱللَّـهُ
Quran 9 (al-Tawbah).127
Folio 22, recto, l. 17, p. 62
د لک ٮـ(ﺎ ٮـ)//[ـﻢ] (ٯـ)ـﻮ م لا ٮڡٯهو ﮞ ذَٰلِكَ بِأَنَّهُمْ قَوْمٌ لَّا يَفْقَهُونَ بِأَنَّهُمْ قَوْمٌ لَّا يَفْقَهُونَ
Quran 9 (al-Tawbah).128
Folio 22, recto, l. 18, p. 62
و لٯد حا کم وَلَقَدْ جَاءَكُمْ لَقَدْ جَاءَكُمْ
Quran 9 (al-Tawbah).128
Folio 22, recto, l. 18, p. 62
ر سو ل ﻣٮـ(ﮑ)ـﻢ رَسولٌ مِنْكُمْ رَسُولٌ مِنْ أَنْفُسِکُمْ
Quran 9 (al-Tawbah).128
Folio 22, recto, l. 19, p. 63
عر ٮر (ﻋ)ﻠ[ـٮـ](ﻪ) ما عٮٮکم عَزِيزٌ عَلَيْهِ مَا عَنَّتَكُمْ عَزِيزٌ عَلَيْهِ مَا عَنِتُّمْ
Quran 9 (al-Tawbah).129
Folio 22, recto, l. 20, p. 63
ڡا / / (ٮـ)ـﻮ لو ا [ﻋ](ـٮـ)ـﮏ فَإن تَوَلَّوْا عَنْكَ فَإن تَوَلَّوْا
Quran 9 (al-Tawbah).129
Folio 22, recto, l. 21, p. 63
ا لد ی لا ا ﻟ[ﻪ] ا لا ﻫﻮ الَّذي لَا إِلَـٰهَ إِلَّا هُوَ لَا إِلَـٰهَ إِلَّا هُوَ
Quran 19 (Maryam).2
Folio 22, recto, l. 24, p. 63
ر ﺣ[ـﻤ]ﻪ رَحْمَةِ رَحْمَتِ
Quran 19 (Maryam).3
Folio 22, recto, l. 25, p. 63
ا د ٮا د ی ر ٮک ر ﻛ[ـر] ٮا إِذْ نَادَىٰ رَبَّــكَ زَكَرِيَّا إِذْ نَادَىٰ رَبَّــهُ
Quran 19 (Maryam).4
Folio 22, recto, l. 25, p. 63
و ٯل ر ٮی وَقٰلَ رَبِّــي قالَ رَبِّ
Quran 19 (Maryam).4
Folio 22, recto, l. 26, p. 63
و ٯل ر ٮی ا سٮعل ا لر ا س سٮٮا وَقٰلَ رَبِّي ٱشْتَعَلَ ٱلرَّأْسُ شَيْباً قَالَ رَبِّ إِنِّي وَهَنَ ٱلْعَظْمُ مِنِّي وَٱشْتَعَلَ ٱلرَّأْسُ شَيْبًا
Quran 19 (Maryam).4
Folio 22, recto, l. 26, p. 63
و لم ا کں ر ٮ ٮـ(ـد) عا ک وَلَمْ أَکُنْ رَبِّ بِدُعَاءِكَ وَلَمْ أَكُن بِدُعَائِكَ رَبِّ
Quran 19 (Maryam).5
Folio 22, recto, l. 27, p. 63
و ﺣ(ڡـ)ـٮ ا لمو ل مں و [ر] ا ی وَ خِفْتُ ٱلْمَوَٰل مِن وَرٰاءِى وَإِنِّى خِفْتُ ٱلْمَوَٰلِىَ مِن وَرٰاءِى
Quran 19 (Maryam).7
Folio 22, verso, l. 2-3, p. 63
؛{-----------------} (ٯد) و هٮٮا لک علما ر کٮا ۝ و ٮسر ٮه {----------------}(ﻪ) مں ٯـٮـ(ـﻞ) ﺳ//ـﻤٮـﺎ ؛{يَـٰزَكَرِيَّا إِنَّا} قَد وَهَبْنَا لَكَ غُلٰماً زَكِيَّاً ۝ وَبَشَّرْنٰهُ {بِيَحْيیٰ لَمْ نَجْعَل ﻟَّ}ﻪُ مِن قَبْلُ سَمِيًّا[18] يَـٰزَكَرِيَّا إِنَّا نُبَشِّرُكَ بِغُلَـٰمٍ ٱسْمُهُ يَحْيَىٰ لَمْ نَجْعَل لَّهُ مِن قَبْلُ سَمِيًّا
Quran 19 (Maryam).8
Folio 22, verso, l. 3-4, p. 63
ا //ﻰ ٮـ(ﮑ)ـﻮ ﮞ لی (ﻋ)ـلم {---------------} ﻟ[ﮑ]ـٮر عٮٮا أَنَّىٰ يَكُونُ لِى غُلَـٰمٌ {وَقَدْ بَلَغْتُ مِنَ ٱ} لْكِبَرِ عِتِيًّا أَنَّىٰ يَكُونُ لِى غُلَـٰمٌ وَكَانَتِ ٱمْرَأَتِى عَاقِرًا وَقَدْ بَلَغْتُ مِنَ ٱلْكِبَرِ عِتِيًّا
Quran 19 (Maryam).9
Folio 22, verso, l. 5, p. 63
و لم ٮک سا ی وَلَمْ تَكُ شَاي وَلَمْ تَكُ شَيْئًا
Quran 19 (Maryam).11
Folio 22, verso, l. 7, p. 64
؛{-}ـم حرح ؛{ثُـ}ـمَّ خَرَجَ فَــخَرَجَ
Quran 19 (Maryam).11
Folio 22, verso, l. 7, p. 64
ا (و) ﺣ(ﻰ) ا ﻟ(ـٮـ)ﻬﻢ أَوْحَىٰ إِلَيْهِمْ فَــأَوْحَىٰ إِلَيْهِمْ
Quran 19 (Maryam).12
Folio 22, verso, l. 8, p. 64
و علمٮه ا ﻟ(ـﺤ)ﮑﻢ وَعَلَّمْنٰهُ الْحُكْمَ وَآتَيْنَاهُ الْحُكْمَ صَبِيًّا
Quran 19 (Maryam).13
Folio 22, verso, l. 9, p. 64
حننا حَنٰناً وَحَنَاناً
Quran 19 (Maryam).14
Folio 22, verso, l. 10, p. 64
و لم ٮک وَلَمْ يَكُ وَلَمْ يَكُنْ
Quran 19 (Maryam).15
Folio 22, verso, l. 10, p. 64
و علٮه ا لسلم وَعَلَيْهِ السَّلٰمُ وَسَلَـٰمٌ عَلَيْهِ
Quran 19 (Maryam).19
Folio 22, verso, l. 15, p. 64
لنهب لِنَهَبَ لِأَهَبَ
Quran 19 (Maryam).21
Folio 22, verso, l. 17, p. 64
و هو ﻋﻠ//(ﻪ) ﻫ(ـٮـ)ـﮟ وَهُوَ عَلَيْهِ هَيِّنٌ ۝ هُوَ عَلَىَّ هَيِّنٌ
Quran 19 (Maryam).21
Folio 22, verso, l. 18, p. 64
و [ا] مر ا مٯصٮا وَأَمْرًا مَّقْضِيًّا وَكَانَ أَمْرًا مَّقْضِيًّا
Quran 19 (Maryam).22
Folio 22, verso, l. 18, p. 64
ڡحملٮ فَحَمَلَتْ فَحَمَلَتْــهُ
Quran 19 (Maryam).23
Folio 22, verso, l. 19, p. 64
ڡـﻠﻤ// ا حا ها ا لمحص فَــلَمَّا أَجَاءَهَا ٱلْمَخٰضُ فَأَجَاءَهَا ٱلْمَخَاضُ
Quran 19 (Maryam).23
Folio 22, verso, l. 20, p. 65
ٯٮل هد ا ا ﻟ(ـٮـ)[ـو] م قَبْلَ هَـٰذَا الْيَوْمِ قَبْلَ هَـٰذَا
Quran 19 (Maryam).24
Folio 22, verso, l. 20-21, p. 65
ڡٮـ[ـد] ٮها مں ٮـﺤٮـﻬ/----------/ ا لا ٮحر ٮی فَنٰدٮٰهَا مِن تَحْتِهَـ/ـا مَلَكٌ/ أَلَّا تَحْزَنِى [19] فَنَادَىٰهَا مِن تَحْتِهَا أَلَّا تَحْزَنِى
Quran 19 (Maryam).26
Folio 22, verso, l. 23, p. 65
و ٯـ// [ی] ﻋ(ـٮٮـ)ﺎ ۝ وَقَرِّى عَيْنًا ۝ وَقَرِّى عَيْنًا
Quran 19 (Maryam).26
Folio 22, verso, l. 24, p. 65
ﺻ[ـﻮ] (ما) [و ﺻﻤ]ـٮا صَوْماً وَصُمْتاً صَوْماً
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