World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article


Article Id: WHEBN0002572940
Reproduction Date:

Title: Schmalkalden  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Thuringia, House of Henneberg, Angela Steinmüller, Suhl, Ilmenau
Collection: 1583 Disestablishments, Hesse-Nassau, Schmalkalden, Schmalkalden-Meiningen, States and Territories Established in 1247
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Schmalkalden about 1900
Schmalkalden about 1900
Coat of arms of Schmalkalden
Coat of arms
Schmalkalden   is located in Germany
Country Germany
State Thuringia
District Schmalkalden-Meiningen
 • Mayor Thomas Kaminski (SPD)
 • Total 98.35 km2 (37.97 sq mi)
Population (2014-12-31)[1]
 • Total 19,501
 • Density 200/km2 (510/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 98574
Dialling codes 03683
Vehicle registration SM

Schmalkalden (German pronunciation: ) is a town in the Schmalkalden-Meiningen district, in the southwestern portion of Thuringia state in Germany. It is situated on the southern slope of the Thuringian Forest at the Schmalkalde river, a tributary to the Werra. As of 31 December 2010, the town had a population of 19,978.


  • History 1
  • Notable people 2
  • International relations 3
  • Notes 4
  • References 5


First mentioned in an 874 deed, Smalcalta in the Frankish duchy of Thuringia received town privileges about 1180. When Landgrave Henry Raspe of Thuringia died without issue in 1247, it passed to the House of Henneberg-Schleusingen, while the major part of the landgraviate fell to the House of Wettin in Meissen. To secure their acquisition the Counts of Henneberg allied with the Landgraviate of Hesse, including the conclusion of an inheritance treaty. In 1360 they together with Landgrave Henry II of Hesse paid off Frederick V, Burgrave of Nuremberg, son of Elisabeth of Henneberg.

Schmalkalden, Matthäus Merian, Topographia Hassiae, engraving, 1655

In 1531 the town hall of Schmalkalden was the site of the establishment of the Schmalkaldic League by Protestant princes under the lead of Landgrave Philip I of Hesse, in order to protect religious and political interests within their domains. In 1537 the Smalcald Articles were drawn up by Martin Luther, Philipp Melanchthon and other reformers.

When the Counts of Henneberg became extinct in 1583, their share was inherited by William IV, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel. William made the town a residence and had Wilhelmsburg Castle erected, finished in 1590. The Lordship of Schmalkalden remained an exclave of Hesse, from 1868 on it was part of the Prussian province of Hesse-Nassau until it was incorporated into the Province of Saxony in 1944 and in 1945 became part of the State of Thuringia.

The town sustained heavy bomb damage in World War II. From 1949 on, with Thuringia, it formed part of East Germany. After reunification it attained its present political configuration.

Lordship of Schmalkalden
Herrschaft Schmalkalden
State of the Holy Roman Empire

Capital Schmalkalden
Government Principality
Historical era Middle Ages
 •  Acquired by Henneberg 1247
 •  Joint rule with Hesse 1360
 •  To Hesse-Kassel 1583
 •  To Thuringia 1944

Notable people

International relations

Schmalkalden is twinned with:


  1. ^ "Bevölkerung der Gemeinden, Gemeinschaftsfreie Gemeinde, erfüllende/beauftragende Gemeinden, Verwaltungsgemeinschaft/Mitgliedsgemeinden in Thüringen".  


This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from Project Gutenberg are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.