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Shivneri

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Title: Shivneri  
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Subject: Paranda Fort, Vijaydurg Fort, Sindhudurg Fort, Lohagad, Pratapgad
Collection: Buildings and Structures of the Maratha Empire, Forts in Pune District
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Shivneri

Shivneri
शिवनेरी
Junnar, Pune District, Maharashtra
Shivneri is located in Maharashtra
Shivneri
Shivneri in Maharashtra
Coordinates
Site information
Owner Government of India
Controlled by Maratha Empire (till 1637)[1][2]
Maratha Empire (1716-1820)
British Raj (1820-1947)
Government of India (1947-)
Open to
the public
Yes

Shivneri Fort is a 17th-century military fortification located near Junnar in Pune district in Maharashtra, India. It is the birthplace of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj ( छत्रपती शिवाजी महाराज ), the founder of Maratha Empire.[2]

Contents

  • History 1
  • Architecture 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4
  • Further reading 5
  • External Links 6

History

Shivaner is known to be a place of Buddhist dominion from the 1st century AD. The caves, rock-cut architecture and water system indicate presence of habitation from the 1st century. Shivaner got its name as it was under the possession of the Yadavas of Devagiri. This fort was mainly used to guard the old trading route from Desh to the port city of Kalyan. The place passed on to the hands of Bahami kings after the weakening of Delhi Sultanate during the 15th century. In 1595, Maratha chief Maloji Bhosale, the grandfather of Shivaji, was enabled by Bahami king Bahadur Nizam Shah II and gave him the inter-alia Shivner and Chakan. Chhatrapati Shivaji was born at the fort on 19 February 1630 (some accounts place it 1627), and spent his childhood there. Inside the fort is a small temple dedicated to the goddess Shivai Devi, after whom Shivaji was named. The English traveller Fraze visited the fort in 1673 and found it invincible. According to his accounts the fort was well-stocked to feed thousand families for seven years. He also made a mention that the fort was then governed by a Brahmin turned Muslim. The fort was under the control of the Mughals after the Marathas and Sahu demanded it back in 1716. They regained the fort in 1762 and became a part of Ragunatha Rao. The fort came under the control of the British in 1818.[3]

Architecture

Shivaner is a hill fort having a triangular shape and has its entrance from the South-west side of the hill.Apart from the main gate there is a entrance to the fort from Eastern side called locally as the chain gate, where in one has to hold chains to climb up to the fort gate. The fort extends up to 1 mi (1.6 km) with seven spiral well-defended gates. There are mud walls all around the fort. Inside the fort, the major buildings are the prayer hall, a tomb and a mosque. There is an overhanging where executions took place.[3] There are many gates structures protecting this fort. Mana Daravaja is one of the many gates of the fort.

There are statues of Jijabai and young Shivaji inside the fort. At the centre of the fort is a water pond which is called 'Badami Talav'. To the South of 'Badami Talav' are the statues Jijabai and a young Shivaji. In the fort there are two water springs, called Ganges and Yamuna, which have water throughout the year. Two kilometers away from this fort there are the Lenyadri caves which is one of Ashtavinayak temple in Maharastra. It has been declared as a protected monument.[4]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Mughal Empire (1637-1716)". Retrieved 4 July 2015. 
  2. ^ Gunaji, Milind (2003). Offbeat tracks in Maharashtra. Popular Prakashan. p. 69.  
  3. ^ a b Verma, Amrit. Forts of India. New Delhi: The Director, Publication Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Government of India. pp. 93–95.  
  4. ^ "List of the protected monuments of Mumbai Circle district-wise" (PDF). Retrieved 4 July 2015. 

Further reading

  • Lahu Gaikwad Shivneri kilyacha Itihas Pub. Pushpnand prakashan pune 2011. ISBN 978-81-907033-8-3. ar 50/- Book in Marathi language.
  • Lahu Gaikwad, Junnar Talukyatil Kilyancha Ithis,Pushpnand prakashan pune 11 March 2011.ISBN 978-81-907033-9-0.
  • Dr. Lahu Kacharu Shivnerichi Jeevangatha ,The life-story of fort shivneri, Sanay prakashan,Narayngaon, Jan 2015. p.225.

External Links

  • Junnar Tourism's Official Website
  • Parashar Agritourism Website
  • Shivneri Fort info Website
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